Shah of Iran Reza Shah Pahlavi formally asks the international community to call Persia by its native name, Iran.

Shah of Iran Reza Shah Pahlavi formally asks the international community to call Persia by its native name, Iran. ...
en.wikipedia.org 21/03/1935 History

Keywords:#Ariana, #Avesta, #En.wikipedia.org, #European, #Greek, #Iraj, #Iran, #Iranian, #Old_Persian, #Pahlavi, #Parthian, #Persia, #Persian, #Persis, #Proto-Iranian, #Reza_Shah, #Rustam, #Shah, #Shah_of_Iran

The term Iran derives directly from Middle Persian Ērān, first attested in a third-century inscription at Rustam Relief, with the accompanying Parthian inscription using the term Aryān, in reference to the Iranians. The Middle Iranian ērān and aryān are oblique plural forms of gentilic nouns ēr- (Middle Persian) and ary- (Parthian), both deriving from Proto-Iranian *arya- (meaning "Aryan", i.e. "of the Iranians"), recognized as a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ar-yo-, meaning "one who assembles (skilfully)". In the Iranian languages, the gentilic is attested as a self-identifier, included in ancient inscriptions and the literature of the Avesta, and remains also in other Iranian ethnic names Alan (Ossetian: Ир Ir) and Iron (Ирон). According to the Iranian mythology, the country's name comes from name of Iraj, a legendary prince and shah who was killed by his brothers.
Modern reconstruction of the ancient world map of Eratosthenes from c. 200 BC, using the names Ariana and Persis

* * * Historically, Iran has been referred to as Persia by the West, due mainly to the writings of Greek historians who referred to all of Iran as Persís (Ancient Greek: Περσίς; from Old Persian ...

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