Jalal ad-Din Defeated By Genghis Khan at The Battle of Indus

Jalal ad-Din Defeated By Genghis Khan at The Battle of Indus ...
en.wikipedia.org 02/12/1221 History

Keywords:#Battle_of_Indus, #Battle_of_Parwan, #Bukhara, #En.wikipedia.org, #Genghis_Khan, #India, #Indus, #Khan, #Khwarazm, #Mongol, #Persia, #Samarkand, #Shah

The Battle of the Indus was fought at the Indus river, in the year 1221 between Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu, the sultan of the Khwarezmian dynasty and his only remaining forces of thirty thousand against the two hundred thousand strong Mongolian army of Genghis Khan.
Background
Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu was fleeing to India with his men and thousands of refugees from Persia, following the Mongol sacking of several cities, including Bukhara and Samarkand, the latter being the Khwarezmian capital. After having won the Battle of Parwan, near the city of Ghazni, Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu headed for India to seek refuge together with his army of some 3,000 men and several thousand refugees. However, a powerful army under Genghis Khan, numbering 25,000–50,000 cavalry, caught up with him when he was about to cross the river Indus.
Battle
Jalal al-Din Khwarazm-Shah crossing the rapid Indus river, escaping Genghis Khan and his army
Jalal ad-Din positioned his army of at least thirty thousand men in a defensive stance against the Mongols, placing one flank against the mountains while his other flank was covered by a river bend. The initial Mongol charge that opened the battle was beaten back. Jalal al-Din counterattacked, and nearly breached the center of the Mongol army. Genghis then sent a contingent of 10,000 men around the mountain to flank Jalal ad-Din's army. With his army attacked from two directions and collapsing into chaos, Jalal al-Din fled across the Indus river.
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