Ghotbzadeh arrested For Plotting Coup To Overthrow Khomeini

Ghotbzadeh arrested For Plotting Coup To Overthrow Khomeini ...
parseed.ir 06/04/1982 History

Keywords:#Ayatollah, #Ayatollah_Khomeini, #CIA, #Coup, #Farvardin, #France, #Ghotbzadeh, #Iran, #Iran_hostage_crisis, #Iranian, #Iranian_Revolution, #Islam, #Islamic, #Islamic_Republic, #Islamic_Republic_Party, #Israel, #Khomeini, #Military, #National_Front, #Pahlavis, #Parseed, #Parseed.ir, #Persian, #Revolution, #Sadegh_Ghotbzadeh, #September, #Shariatmadari, #Tehran

Sadegh Ghotbzadeh (Persian: صادق قطب‌زاده‎, 24 February 1936 – 15 September 1982) was a close aide of Ayatollah Khomeini during his 1978 exile in France, and foreign minister (30 November 1979–August 1980) during the Iran hostage crisis following the Iranian Revolution. In 1982, he was executed for allegedly plotting the assassination of Ayatollah Khomeini and the overthrow of the Islamic Republic.
Ghotbzadeh was first arrested on 7 November 1980 on charges of planning to kill Ayatollah Khomeini and criticizing the Islamic Republic Party and put in the Evin prison. He was released on 10 November when Ayatollah Khomeini intervened.
On 6 April 1982 (17 Farvardin 1361), he was arrested along with a group of army officers and clerics (including a son-in-law of the religious leader Ayatollah Kazem Shariatmadari), all accused of plotting the assassination of Ayatollah Khomeini and the overthrow of the Islamic Republic.
At an April 1982 "press conference", hujjat al-Islam Mohammad Reyshahri, the chief judge of the newly created Military Revolutionary Tribunal, explained the plot with "an elaborate chart full of boxes and arrows linking Ghotbzadeh and the royalist officers, on one side, to `the feudalists, the leftist mini-groups, and the phony clerics` and on the other side, to the `National Front, Israel, the Pahlavis and the Socialist International.` The last four were linked to the CIA."
Rumors include the story that Ayatollah Khomeini initially did not want to execute Ghotbzadeh; but, he was persuaded to do so after hearing a tape of Ghotbzadeh in prison agreeing to pay money and provide the contact information of his allies in France in exchange for his freedom. Ghotbzadeh supposedly told this to a fellow prisoner specifically hired to entrap him. The veracity of these rumors is unknown.
Trial of Ghotbzadeh began in August 1982 and in the court he denied the accusations, but confirmed the existence of a plot to topple the Islamic government and to form a "real republic". His forced confessions, which were aired, are said to have come only after severe torture on the part of the Iranian Police. On late 15 September 1982 in Evin prison of Tehran, Ghotbzadeh was shot by a firing squad following a 26-day trial and after the Military Revolutionary Tribunal found him guilty and sentenced him to death. He was 46.
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