Sassanid Emperor Defeated at The Battle of Oxus River

Sassanid Emperor Defeated at The Battle of Oxus River ...
en.wikipedia.org 10/04/651 History

Keywords:#Afghanistan, #Arab, #Asia, #Bactria, #Balkh, #Caliphate, #Central_Asia, #China, #En.wikipedia.org, #Fars, #Iran, #Khan, #Khorasan, #Kufa, #Merv, #Muslim, #Oxus, #Oxus_River, #Persia, #Persian, #Persian_Empire, #Sassanid, #Transoxiana, #Turkish, #Turkmenistan, #Turks, #Yazdegerd, #Yazdegerd_III

The Battle of Oxus River was a significant battle in the 7th century, fought between the combined armies of the Sassanid and Göktürk Empires against the Muslim Arab army that had overrun Persia. Following his defeat, the last Sassanid Emperor, Yazdegerd III, became a hunted fugitive who fled to Central Asia and then to China.
Prelude
Khorasan was the second largest province of the Sassanid Persian Empire. It stretched from what is now north-eastern Iran, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Its capital was Balkh, now in northern Afghanistan. In 651, the mission of conquering Khurasan was assigned to Ahnaf ibn Qais and Abdullah ibn Aamir. Abdullah marched from Fars and took a short and less frequent route via Rayy. Ahnaf then marched north direct to Merv, in present Turkmenistan. Merv was the capital of Khurasan and here Yazdegerd III held his court. On hearing of the Muslim advance, Yazdegerd III left for Balkh. No resistance was offered at Merv, and the Muslims occupied the capital of Khurasan without a fight.
Battle
Ahnaf stayed at Merv and waited for reinforcement from Kufa. Meanwhile, Yazdegerd had also gathered considerable power at Balkh and also sought alliance with the Khan of Farghana, who personally led the Turkish contingent to help Yazdegerd III. Umar ordered that Yazdegerd’s allied forces should be weakened by breaking up the alliance with the Turks. Ahnaf successfully broke up the alliance and the Khan of Farghana pulled back his forces, realizing that fighting with the Muslims was not a good idea and might endanger his own kingdom. Yazdegerd's army was defeated at the Battle of the Oxus River and retreated across the Oxus to Transoxiana. Yazdegerd III had a narrow escape and fled to China. Balkh was occupied by the Muslims, and with this occupation the Persian war was over. The Muslims had now reached the outermost frontiers of Persia. Beyond that laid the lands of the Turks and still further laid China. The old mighty empire of the Sasanians had ceased to exist.
Aftermath
After being defeated at the Battle of Oxus river, Yazdegerd III was unable to raise another army and became a hunted fugitive. Following the battle, he fled to Central Asia to the court of the Khan of Farghana. From there, Yazdegerd went to China. Nevertheless, Yazdegerd III kept on intruding in Persia, using his influence over the notables and chiefs of Persia, thus remained a motivating force behind the Persian rebellion. During Caliph Uthman's reign, Yadegerd III came back to Bactria and Khorasan rebelled against the Caliphate. Abdullah ibn Aamir crushed the rebellion and defeated Yazdegerd's forces. He fled from one district to another until a local miller killed him for his purse at Merv in 651.
--- ---
...

Read more from Source »

Related articles based on keyword density
Coronation of Shah Ismail I in Tabriz ...
parseed.ir 20/03/881 History
Ismail I (Persian: اسماعیل‎, romanized: Esmāʿīl, pronounced ; July 17, 1487 – May 23, 1524), also known as Shah Ismail I (شاه اسماعیل), was the founde...View Details»

History of Iran: Safavid Empire 1502 - 1736...
iranchamber.com 18/02/2015 History
History of Iran Safavid Empire 1502 - 1736 By: Shapour Ghasemi After the disastrous invasion of Mongols, in the 1200s, migrated Turks and Mongolian t...View Details»

Persian Inventions...
defence.pk 25/07/2014 History
SYSTEMS AND WAY OF LIFE • Protocol and Etiquette- rules of respect, cultured civilization, of order and harmony of everyday life. • Human Rights – 576...View Details»

The 5 Most Powerful Empires in History | The National Interest...
nationalinterest.org 22/02/2015 History
Akhilesh Pillalamarri February 22, 2015 Of all the empires that arose and thrived on the face of this earth, which were the five most powerful? And h...View Details»

Battle of Nahavand ...
1host2u.com 14/02/642 History
The Battle of Nahavand (Arabic: مَعْرَكَة نَهَاوَنْد‎ Maʿrakah Nahāwand, Persian: نبرد نهاوند‎ Nabard-e Nahâvand), also spelled Nihavand or Nahawand, ...View Details»


EOF