Sasanian reconquest of Yemen

Sasanian reconquest of Yemen... 12/05/578 History

Keywords:#Abu_al-Faraj_al-Isfahani, #Arab, #Arabia, #Arabic,, #Ethiopian, #Governor, #Isfahani, #Islamic, #Khosrau, #Khosrau_I, #Persian, #Sasanian, #Sassanid, #Sayf_ibn_Dhi_Yazan, #Tabari, #Vahriz, #Yemen

The Sasanian reconquest of Yemen took place in 575 or 578 after Aksumite men killed Sayf ibn Dhi Yazan after a reign of some four years and took control of Yemen. The rising took place when the protecting Persian garrison withdrew from Yemen. The Sassanids, this time with a force of 4,000 men, managed to reconquer Yemen and install Sayf’s son, Maʿdī Kareb as ruler.
1935 illustration of Sayf asking for military assistance from the Sasanian king Khosrow I.

* * * A pre-Islamic Arabian poet, Umayya bin Abi al-Salt, has praised the victory of the Persians in one of his poems. His poem is recorded in Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani's Kitab al-Aghani.
A Persian military force now remained in Yemen for over fifty years, with a Persian governor at Maʿdī Kareb’s side. The names of the successive Persian governors are as follows, according to Tabari (there is some variation in the sources over the names):
Marzbān (son of Wahriz)
Bīnagār (son of Marzbān)
Kharra Khusraw (son of Bīnagār)
Bādhān or Bādhām, who was unconnected with Wahriz's line and replaced Kharra Khusraw due to the assimilation of the latter into the local culture.
The Persian garrison of soldiers and officials settled down in Sana'a and its vicinity and intermarried with the local Arab population, and it was the sons of these Persian fathers and Arab mothers, with their descendants, who became known as the abnāʾ.
Abū Murra Sayf ibn Dhī Yazan al-Ḥimyarī (Arabic: سيف بن ذي يزن‎) was a semi-legendary Himyarite king of Yemen who lived between 516 and 578 CE, known for ending Aksumite rule over Southern Arabia with the help of the Sassanid Empire.
To reconquer Yemen, Sayf asked Khosrau I king of the Sasanian Empire to help him fight the Askem. Khosrau agreed and sent 800 men with Wahriz as their leader. Masruq ibn Abraha, king of Yemen, confronted the army but lost in the battle. The Sasanians advanced to conquer San'a, however, Sayf was instated as King on the understanding that he would send taxes to Khosrau. He was later stabbed by Ethiopian servants, and the Sassanians reconquered Yemen and Vahriz was instated as Governor of Yemen, alongside Sayf's son.
Popular culture
Sayf entered Arab folklore by means of his widely known "biography" Sīrat Sayf ibn Dhī-Yazan that accounts his conquests of the human and mythical jinn realm, blending historical facts with arab folklore and mythology. Yazan has become a popular boy name in contemporary Arab culture.
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