Attar Neishaburi: Celebration of culture, literature under turquoise dome

Attar Neishaburi: Celebration of culture, literature under turquoise dome ... 15/04/2014 History

Keywords:#Birds,, #Khorasan, #MNA, #Mongol, #Parliament, #Persian, #Razavi_Khorasan, #Rumi, #Sheikh

TEHRAN, April 14 (MNA) – April 14 is national day for commemoration of Farid ud-Din Attar Neishaburi in his turquoise dome in Razavi Khorasan province.

It is a ceremony to pay homage to a man who expressed his mysticism in a voice unadorned and devoid of any embellishment. According to the literary history, Attar inspired Rumi and Jami.

The ceremony will be held with the literary and mysticism critics and researchers. Among the most laborious Persian poets, Attar enjoyed a sublime place among the constellation of great mystics of the time; Rumi’s oft-quoted line about him is “Attar roamed the seven cities of love -- We are still just in one alley."

Also, Sheikh Mahmud Shabistari has said of Attar in a couplet: “I am unabashed of being a poet, since in hundred centuries a poet like Attar would not be born.”


In Attar’s biography, we are told that “Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm bin Ishaq Attar Kadkani, nicknamed Attar of Neishabur, was born in Neishabur and died in 618 AD in Sheikh, Neishabur. His father was also an attar (herbalist, and alchemist by profession), Ibrahim, and his mother was born Rabea. Abu Hamid was nicknamed ‘Attar,’ since he practiced his father’s profession.

He adopted penname of Attar and in some other times Farid. Attar reportedly had been company to many of his contemporary dominant Sufi figures for 70 years. 180 of his poetic works are in verse and some other 40 works are in prose.

According to literary historian Mohammad Reza Shafie Kadkani, Attar definitely authored Asrarnameh (Book of Secrets), Elahinameh (Book of God), Mantik ut-Teir (The Parliament of Birds), Mosibatnameh (Elegy), Mokhtarnameh, Tazkerat al-Ulia (The Memory of the Selected), and DIvani-Ash’ar (Book of Poems).

Mongol invasion of 618 or 619 or even 626 effectively ended Attar’s life.

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