Search400-yr-old Persian oasis of MP may get world heritage site status

400-yr-old Persian oasis of MP may get world heritage site status... 30/07/2017 History, #Cultural_Heritage, #India, #MP, #Mughal, #Persia, #Persian

Published : Jul 30, 2017, 2:54
A Unesco team has visited the district headquarters town of Burhanpur to study the medieval period facility.
Bhopal: A 400-year-old water management facility in Madhya Pradesh, famously known as the Persian oasis of Central India for supplying clean drinking water to historical city of Burhanpur uninterruptedly since early 16th century, may now get world heritage site status.
A Unesco team has visited the district headquarters town of Burhanpur to study the medieval period facility, still functional as a perennial drinking water supply channel, to examine if it qualifies to be declared as world heritage site.
“The team has made some recommendations to meet before according the status of world heritage site,” local convenor of Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (Intach), Hosang Havaldar told this newspaper.
Designed and developed by a Persian geologist in 1615 AD to draw ground water from Satpur hills to supply to the erstwhile garrison town of Burhanpur, the facility has been found functional till date. It was built during the Mughal era and includes a 3.9 km-long underground marble tunnel with 103 huge air vents.
“The system caters to the drinking water needs of at least 50,000 people, one fourth of the total population of Burhanpur city, by harvesting ground water in Satpura hills. Around 2.5 lakh gallons of water have been supplied every day after habitation came up along the system,” Mr Havaldar said.
“The medieval water management facility is perhaps the most advanced Karez system, a subterranean water channel that works on the basis of law of gravitation, found in India till date. There are at least five major Karez systems — three in Karnataka, one on Maharashtra and one in Burhanpur in MP — found in India so far,” Pune-based archaeologist Jitu Mishra, who has conducted an extensive study on the Burhanpur system in June this year, told this newspaper.

Burhanpur, situated on the confluence of rivers Tapi and Utavali, was once the known as the cultural capital of Mughal rule. Its strategic location had made it necessary for the Mughal rulers to establish a garrison town to expand their kingdom to the south. The town was to accommodate two lakh soldiers and 50,000 civilians.
The Karez system was then built by importing water management technology from Persia and supply drinking water to the garrison town during the period.
The circular wells or air vents, known in local parlance as Khooni Bhandara as water found there are deep red in colour, are built with brick and limes.
At the source, the water is found at a depth of 80 metres.
But, in the last bhandara the water level is seen swollen and found at a depth of hardly two meter, appearing as if water is flowing upwards.
“The PH value of water in the tunnel is amazingly as high as 7.2, much higher than water purified using modern technology,” Mr Mishra said.
The water channelised through these networks of bhandaras is collected in sump wells, known in local parlance as karanj. From karanj, the water is distributed through thick terracotta pipes to residential areas, gardens, mosques and hamams (steam bath facilities) in the locality.
---A Unesco team has visited the district headquarters town of Burhanpur to study the medieval period facility. ---

Read more from Source »

Related articles based on keyword density
GLOBAL TOP 1000 WEBSITES 2016 – Ratak IT... 16/03/2017 News
Ratak introduces global Top Websites of 2016 Data for table Top201702 1,Abarkooh,Armenia,Bahram 2,Bahram 3,Britain,Caesar,Carus,...View Details»

Serving Flavours of a Persian Dream -The New Indian Express... 01/03/2015 Cuisine
By Nidhi Raj Singh Published: 28th February 2015 10:00 PM Last Updated: 28th February 2015 07:24 PM *** Atta Raan Tabriz Koftey In with the ol...View Details»

Welsh History Month: Persian Jones helped to build India's future on t... 16/10/2015 History
By M J Franklin Sir William Jones was one of the greatest intellectual navigators of all time and redrew the map of European thought *** Sir Wil...View Details»

Reflections of Persia: AN ITALIAN PHOTOGRAPHER’S LIFELONG LOVE AFFAIR ... 21/01/2014 Arts
Written by Aria Fani on January 20, 2014. Imagine a teenager having recently immigrated to the United States spending the summer in his native Shiraz...View Details»

A Taste of Persia in Los Angeles ... 08/06/2016 Cuisine
By Lauren R. Rublin Persian cuisine is among the most savory of Iran’s exports, and one of the best places to sample its herb-and fruit-laced dishes i...View Details»