Abu Saeed

ابوسعید بهادرخان

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Updated:Sunday 12th October 2014

Abu Saeed Definition

Abu Saeed (June 2, 1305, Ujan – December 1, 1335) was the ninth ruler of the Ilkhanate state in Iran (1316–1335).In 1306 and 1322, after defeating the Golden Horde army and Kerait Rinchin's rebellion, the Mongols gave him, then infant heir apparent of Oljaitu, the title of Bahador meaning "hero". During his early rule, the distinguished Judeo-Muslim scholar and Vizier Rashid-al-Din Hamedani was beheaded; emir Chupan became de facto the ruler of the country. In 1325 Chupan defeated another force led by Mohammad Uzbeg Khan of the Golden Horde and even invaded their territories again.Abu Saeed fell in love with Bagdad Katun, a daughter of Chupan. The emir's efforts to keep Abu Saeed from marrying his daughter, who was already married to Hasan Buzurg, another powerful kingmaker of the era, did not help the situation. In August 1327 Abu Saeed had a son of Chupan, Demasq Kaja, killed, ostensibly for his activities with a former concubine of Oljaitu. Later Chupan himself was killed by the Kartids, lords of Herat. In the meantime the Mamluks beheaded Teimurtash, son of Chupan, who as a governor had revolted against the Ilkhanates in earlier times.Abu Saeed died without an heir or an appointed successor, leaving the Ilkhanate eaten from inside by the power of the major families, as the Chupanids, the Jalayirids, or by new movements as the Sarbedaran. The state lost cohesion after his death, becoming a plethora of little kingdoms run by Mongols, Turks, and Persians. The great voyager Ibn Battuta was amazed at discovering, on his return to Persia, that what had seemed to be such a mighty realm only twenty years before had dissolved so quickly. (Wikipedia) - Abu Sa‘id al-Khudri   (Redirected from Abu Saeed)

Sa''id ibn Malik Sinan al-Khazraji al-Khudri (Arabic: سعد بن مالك بن سنان الخزرجي الخدري‎) (kunya: Abu Sa''id) was an Ansari from the original inhabitants of Medina and one of the younger companions of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Too young to fight at the Battle of Uhud in 625 where his father Malik ibn Sinan fell, he participated in subsequent campaigns. Although he traveled to Syria once to visit the Umayyad caliph Mu''awiyah, he otherwise resided in Medina all his life. Later, he is said to have participated with his fellow Medinans in the defense of their city against the Umayyad army at the Battle of al-Harrah in 64/683. He is said variously to have died in 63/682, 64/683, 65/684, or 74/693. Abu Sa''id is one of the narrators of hadith most frequently quoted. By one count, he has 1170 narrations, making him the seventh most prolific Companion in the transmission of the hadith.

Shi''i Muslims do not automatically dismiss his narrations but compare what he narrates with other sources.

  • 1 Hadith transmitted by him
  • 2 See also
  • 3 Notes
  • 4 Narrations

Hadith transmitted by him

The following quotations are from books of hadith. These books relate accounts taken from the life of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, his family, and his companions. They were compiled by Islamic scholars after Muhammad''s death. These quotations include information about those who related the accounts, as well as the accounts themselves.

Abu Sa''id al-Khudri reported that Muhammad said, "There is no gift better and wider than Ṣabr." from Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim

Abu Sa''id al-Khudri narrates that Muhammad said, "He who fasts for a day in the Path of Allah, Allah will keep him away from Hell by a distance of seventy years of journey." from An-Nasa''i

Abu Sa''id al-Khudri narrated that Muhammad said, "The lasting good deeds are: (the saying of) La ilaha ilallah, Subhan Allah, Allahu Akbar, Alhamdulillah, and La hawla wa la quwwata illa billah." related from An-Nasa''i

Abu Saeed al Khudri reported that he heard Muhammad say, "While I was asleep, I dreamt that people are brought to me, all of them wearing shirts. Some of the shirts reached only up to the chest and some a little below the chest. Umar ibn al-Khattab was also brought to me. His shirt was so long that it trailed on the ground and he dragged it along as he walked." Some of the sahaba asked him its interpretation and he said, "Religion." from Sahih Bukhari and Muslim

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