Alamout meaning Eagle Nest is a mountain fortress near Qazvin.According to Hamdollah Mostowfi, the first fortress was built in 840 at an elevation of 2,100 m. It was built in a way that had only one passable artificial entrance; thus making conquering the fortress extremely difficult. The top was extremely narrow and long - perhaps 400 meters long, and no more than 30 meters wide in any place and usually less.Alamout castle had an unusual system of water supply. Archaeological excavations revealed rooms for food storage as well as water reservoirs built into the fort. Residents collected rain and snow water in big cisterns and used it during summer. In 1090 the fortress was infiltrated and occupied by Hasan Sabbah the founder of powerful Assassins, and was then fabled for its gardens and libraries. The ruins of 23 other fortresses remain in the vicinity.The fortress was destroyed on December 15, 1256 by Hulagu Khan as part of the Mongol offensive on Islamic southwest Asia. The fortress itself was impregnable, but Roknoddin Khorshah surrendered it without a real fight, in the vain hope that Hulagu would be merciful. But typical Mongol Hulagu Khan destroyed the castle and set it on fire.
Tags:Alamout, Alamut, Alamut Castle, Asia, Assassins, Hasan Sabbah, Hulagu, Islamic, Khan, Mongol, Qazvin, Roknoddin