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Updated:Tuesday 14th October 2014

Amol Definition

City north Iran in Mazndaran province. (Wikipedia) - Amol For other uses, see Amol (disambiguation). Amol آمل (Persian) Ancient names: Ask, Amardha, Amardian, Tabaristan, Amele, Amol Country Province County Bakhsh Incorporated (city) Government  • Mayor Area  • city Elevation Population (2012)  • city  • Density  • Metro Time zone Postal code Area code(s) Website
Coordinates: 36°28′11″N 52°21′03″E / 36.46972°N 52.35083°E / 36.46972; 52.35083Coordinates: 36°28′11″N 52°21′03″E / 36.46972°N 52.35083°E / 36.46972; 52.35083
Amir soleimani
21 km2 (8 sq mi)
76 m (249 ft)
11,000/km2 (28,000/sq mi)
IRST (UTC+3:30)
(+98) 11

Amol (Persian: آمل‎ – ;  pronunciation (help·info); also Romanized as Āmol and Amul) is a city in and the administrative center of Amol County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, the population of the city proper was 197,470, in 55,183 families.

Amol is located on the Haraz river bank. It is less than 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of the Caspian sea and less than 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north of the Alborz mountains. It is 180 kilometres (110 mi) from Tehran, and 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of the provincial administrative center, Sari.

  • 1 Etymology and history
  • 2 Population
  • 3 Administrative divisions
  • 4 Historical and Tourist and Natural attractions
  • 5 Climate
  • 6 Some famous companies
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 Language
  • 9 Higher education
  • 10 Contemporary Events
  • 11 As the administrative center of Amol county
  • 12 Sport
  • 13 Hotels
  • 14 Gallery
  • 15 Sister cities
  • 16 References
  • 17 External links

Etymology and history

Amol is an old city, with a history dating back to the Amards. Amards were the people inhabiting the area before the arrival of Aryans, who had migrated to and settled on the Iranian Plateau from the late 2nd millennium BCE to early 1st millennium BCE. Many scholars believe that the city''s name is rooted in the word Amard (Amui in Pahlavi).

According to historical literature, Amol was the capital of Mazandaran, at least in the period starting from the 3rd century CE under Sassanian Empire to the 13/14th century CE under the Ilkhanate dynasty of Mongol Empire.

Some historians in the past have associated this ancient city with the periods of the first Persian mythological dynasties of Aryan people, the Pishdadians and the Kianians.

The inhabitants of Amol embraced Islam during the reign of Mahdi (775–785 CE), the Abbasi Caliph, after which Islamic structures came into focus here.

After the Mongol invasion, the region was subject to devastation and it was during this time that Sary was declared as capital. In the beginning of the 7th century AH (14th century CE), Hessam-edin Ardeshir, shifted the capital from Sary to Amol, and constructed his palace there. But in 795 AH (1392/1393 AD), the cities of Amol and Sary were plundered by Amir Teimoor Gurkani, and thereafter Amol suffered a setback.

The great Islamic scholar and religious personality (translator of The Holy Qoran), Mohammad Ebne Jarir Tabari is from Amol. The modern city of Amol stands to the north of the site of the ancient city.

In January 1982 Amol was the site of a failed armed insurrection against Iran''s Islamist government by Sarbedaran, the armed wing of the Union of Iranian Communists.

Today, Amol is a thriving modern metropolis.

  • The extent of the Parthian Empire (shaded territory)

  • Map of the Median Empire (600 BC) showing the relative locations of the Amardian tribe

  • Map of the Alavid emirate with Amol as their capital


The population history of the city proper is as follows. All figures are official census figures from the Iranian Statistics Institute.

1956 1966 1976 1986 1991 1996 2006 2012
22,251 40,076 68,963 118,242 139,923 159,092 197,470 224,160

Breakdown of 2006 census:

Total Male Female Family
197,470 98,337 99,133 55,183
Administrative divisions

Amol is the administrative center of the Amol county in the Iranian province of Mazandaran, consisting of two county districts: the central district and Larijan. The administrative center of the Larijan district is Rineh.

Many of the Amoli people have their own summer houses in Larijan, the mountainous southern part of the county. Some of the villages in Larijan include: Ab Ask, Abgarm, Amiri, Baijan, Chelav, Era, Gazaneh, Lasem, Namarestagh, Nava, Nyak, Polour, Rineh, and Shahandasht.

Historical and Tourist and Natural attractions
  • Damavand Mountain
  • Mashhad Mirbozorg (Mir Ghavam-O-Din Maraashi Mausoleum
  • Mohammad Taher Shrine
  • Naser-Ol-Hagh Mausoleum (Hasan al-Utrush Tomb tower)
  • Mir Heydar Amoli Mausoleum (Seyyed Setan Tomb tower)
  • Ashraf Bath
  • Amol Bazaar
  • Imamzadeh Abdollah
  • Ab Esk (Larijan) Thermal Springs
  • Moalagh Bridge
  • Yakhi Waterfall
  • Davazdah Cheshmeh (Davazdah Pelleh Bridge)
  • Imamzadeh Ibrahim
  • Malek Bahman Castle
  • Shekl-e-Shah
  • Mirza Koochak khan Natural Park (Haraz)
  • Dehkade Talaei Park
  • Mosque Jame
  • Agha Abbas Mosque
  • Waterfall Shahandasht
  • Waterfall Deryook
  • Bath Shah Abbasi
  • The Sasanian Road
  • Lar Dam
  • Sangi Bridge Polour
  • Saghanefar Hendoukola
  • Altar Amol (Atashkadeh Amol)
  • Tomb of Sultan Shahabuddin
  • Heshtl Tower
  • Village and forest Blairan and Alimastan
  • Gole Zard Cave
  • Inn Kemboja
  • Home Manochehri
  • Imam Hassan Askari Mosque
  • Ghadamgah Khezr Nabi
  • Ceremony of Aask
  • Amol Historical Museum

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot-summer Mediterranean (Csa).

Climate data for Amol Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Average high °C (°F) Daily mean °C (°F) Average low °C (°F) Precipitation mm (inches)
13.1 (55.6) 12.5 (54.5) 12.4 (54.3) 16.2 (61.2) 23.7 (74.7) 27.7 (81.9) 28.7 (83.7) 30.3 (86.5) 25.9 (78.6) 23.2 (73.8) 18.9 (66) 15.1 (59.2) 20.64 (69.17)
8.7 (47.7) 8.1 (46.6) 8.2 (46.8) 11.9 (53.4) 19.1 (66.4) 21.9 (71.4) 24 (75) 25.4 (77.7) 21.1 (70) 18.4 (65.1) 13.8 (56.8) 10.2 (50.4) 15.9 (60.61)
4.4 (39.9) 3.8 (38.8) 4 (39) 7.7 (45.9) 14.6 (58.3) 16.2 (61.2) 19.3 (66.7) 20.6 (69.1) 16.3 (61.3) 13.6 (56.5) 8.7 (47.7) 5.4 (41.7) 11.22 (52.18)
96 (3.78) 80 (3.15) 74 (2.91) 69 (2.72) 31 (1.22) 27 (1.06) 27 (1.06) 36 (1.42) 87 (3.43) 97 (3.82) 97 (3.82) 108 (4.25) 829 (32.64)
Source:, altitude: 96m

Mount Damavand, AmolPaddy Rice field AmolSome famous companies
  • Garma Electric Garma Electric is a Persian E.P.C company.
  • DESA (company) Iran Heavy Diesel Manufacturing Company DESA.
  • Kalleh Amol Dairy Co Company
  • Peyman Group Amol
  • FZ.CO Iran
  • Delveseh Group
  • Sepidan Asia
  • Iranian Money Printing T A K A B
  • Haraz Dairy Co
  • Broiler Production Integration
  • Abeskoon
  • NASAJI Babakan
  • Tanbaco Khazar
  • Polur Mineral Water Mazandaran
  • Nestle IRAN of the Amol
  • Amolo Mineral water
Caspian horseNotable people
  • Arash the Archer - legendary hero
  • Omar ebn Farrokhan Tabari (8th century) - medieval astrologer
  • Sahl ebn Bishr (9th century) - Jewish astrologer
  • Ali ebn Sahl Rabban Tabari (9th century) - medieval physician
  • Mohammad ebn Jarir Tabari (839-923) - historian
  • Abu-Sahl Quhi (10th century) - medieval astronomer and physicist
  • Abolhassan Tabari (10th century) - medieval physician
  • Hossein ebn Ebrahim Tabari (10th century) - medieval physician
  • Abdol-Qader Gilani (1078-1166) - sufi leader
  • Fazl ebn Hassan Tabarsi (12th century) - shia scholar
  • Ebn Esfandiar (13th century) - historian
  • Iskandar-i Shaykhi (14th century) - Afrasiyab dynasty ruler
  • Heydar Amoli (1319-1385) - sufi leader
  • Mohammad ebn Mahmud Amoli (14th century) - medieval physician
  • Mohammad-Ali Mirza Dowlatshah (1789-1821) - Qajar prince
  • Abbas Mirza (1789-1833) - Qajar crown prince of Persia
  • Mohammad-Taqi Amoli (1887-1971) - cleric
  • Hashem Amoli (1899-1993) - cleric
  • Gholam-Hossein Banan (1911-1986) - singer
  • Mohammad-Taqi Daneshpajouh (1911-1996) - scholar
  • Abdolhossein Navaei (1923-2004) - historian
  • Farhang Sharif (b. 1931) - musician
  • Iraj Malekpour - physicist
  • Abdollah Javadi-Amoli (b. 1933) - cleric
  • Mohammad-Javad Larijani (b. 1951) - politician
  • Ali Larijani (b. 1958) - politician
  • Fatemeh Javadi (b. 1959) - politician
  • Sadeq Larijani (b. 1960) - cleric
  • Baqer Larijani (b. 1961) - physician
  • Akbar Mohammadi (1972-2006) - political activist
  • Mojtaba Hosseini (b. 1974) - football player
  • Mohsen Yousefi (b. 1984) - football player
  • Ghasem Rezaei (b. 1985) - wrestler
  • Hamed Fallahzadeh (b. 1986) - football player
  • Adel Gholami (b. 1986) - volleyball player

Most Amoli people speak the Mazandarani language Tabari as a mother tongue. Persian is the most common language spoken in Iran.

Higher education

Amol has three universities:

  • Amol University of Special Modern Technologies the first and only state University of Amol
  • Islamic Azad University of Amol International University The big University Middle East
  • Shomal University ''Most of the Middle East
  • Haraz University of Amol
  • Mazandaran 5
  • Green University
  • PNU Amol
  • Sama College
  • Doctor College
  • INSTITO Pasteur D, Iran of Amol
  • Samangan institute
Contemporary Events

The Jungle Uprising (Persian: قيام جنگل): In 1982 Union of Iranian Communists (Sarbedaran) mobilized its forces to jungles around Amol and started some wars against Islamic Republic from there. It finally organized a famous uprising in 25 January 1982. This uprising led to a big failure and most of UIC (S) leaders were hanged but the uprising itself became very famous and is well respected between some Iranian Leftist organizations.

As the administrative center of Amol county

Amol is the administrative center of Amol county.

Map District City / RD* (Rural District) Villages
Caspian Sea Mahmood Abad Noor Babolsar Babol Tehran Tehran Dabu- -dasht Central Larijan Mount Damavand Amol Rineh
Central Amol City (c)
Bala Khiyaban-e Litkuh RD Derazan, Haloomesar, Oskoo Mahalleh (c), Ziarood, ...
Pain Khiyaban-e Litkuh RD Hali Koti, Kelaksar, Marandeh (c), ...
Chelav RD Alimestan, Khoshevash, Kondeva, Lehash, Neshel, Razeke (c), Tiar, ...
Harazpey-ye Jonubi RD Ahangar Kola, Aski Mahalleh, Kamangar Kola, Pasha Kola, Qadi Mahalleh (c), Qoroq, ...
Larijan Rineh City (c)
Gazanak City
Bala Larijan RD Ab Ask, Abgarm, Akha, Amir Abad, Dinan, Enheh, Garna, Gazaneh, Gilas, Ira, Kenar Anjam, Kondeloo, Lasem, Lazirak, Malar, Nava, Niak, Polemoon, Poloor, Shahandasht, Shams Abad, Vana, Ziar, ...
Larijan-e Sofla RD Baijan (c), Haji Dela, Namar, Panjab, ...
Dabudasht Dabudasht City (c)
Dabuy-ye Jonubi RD Darzi Kola, Kachap, Kamangar Kola, Raees Abad (c), Rash Kola, ...
Dasht-e Sar RD Baliran, Ejbar Kola, Firooz Kola, Najjar Mahalleh (c), Pasha Kola, ...

Kaleh Amol VC is a volleyball club based in Amol, currently competing in the highest tier of the Iranian volleyball classification, the Iranian Volleyball Super League. Kaleh also has a basketball team named Kalleh Amol Basketball.

Wrestling and volleyball

Amol is the birthplace of many popular wrestlers and Volleyball athletes.

Notable wrestlers from Amol include Ghasem Rezaei (Olympic gold medalist), Ali Akbari, Mohsen Hajipour, Nahavandian and in volleyball, Behroz Ataei, Hasan Mansouri, Khowrasani, Adel Gholami, Khosro Ghobadi, Shah Gholam, Alireza Jadidi and Heshmat Omidi.

HotelsSpace Hotel
  • Shahrdari Hotel
  • Space Hotel
  • Lutos Hotel
  • Larijan Hotel
  • Sadaf Hotel
Mazandaran Sea 
Alborz mountains 
Hot Spring Amol 
Yakhi Waterfall 
Felezi (Moalagh) Bridge 
Kafar Koli 
Silver gilt Tabaristan Amol 
Mount Damavand, 5,610 m, the highest point in the Middle East 
View of the City of Amol 
Sister cities

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