ID:6114 Section:

Updated:Sunday 12th October 2014

Artabanus Definition

Artabanus may refer to several rulers of ancient Parthia: Ardoan 1st of Persia - Artabanus of Persia, reportedly Regent of Persia for a few months in 465 BC–464 B King Arsaces II of Parthia c. 211–191 BC, called Artabanus by some early scholars Ardoan 1st of Parthia - Artabanus I of Parthia c. 127–124 BC Ardoan 2nd of Parthia -Artabanus II of Parthia c. AD 10–38- Artabanus 2nd: King of Media Atropatene and an Arsacid on his mother's side. He was selected to replace Vonones I, whose Roman lifestyle did not appeal to Parthian nobles. His attempts to wrest the throne were at first defeated -- as one competing issue of Vonones' coins attests -- but he eventually emerged victorious. During his reign he sent a letter to Susa which was inscribed on marble, and is now preserved at the Louvre. Ardoan 3d of Parthia- Artabanus III of Parthia c. 80–81 Ardoan 4th of Parthia- Artabanus IV (of Parthia). 216–224-Artabanus, also called Ardaban (died 465/464 bc), minister of the Achaemenid king Xerxes I of Persia, whom he murdered in 465. According to one Greek source, Artabanus had previously killed Xerxes’ son Dariush and feared that the father would avenge him; other sources relate that he killed Xerxes first and then, pretending that Dariush had done so, induced Dariush’ brother Artaxerxes I to avenge the “parricide.” Artabanus was in control of the Achaemenid state for seven months and was recognized as king by Egypt. Finally, however, he was betrayed by his fellow conspirator Megabyzus and was killed by Artaxerxes.Artabanus probably originated from the province of Hyrcania and reportedly served as the chief official of Xerxes I. He is considered to have served either as his Vezir or as his head bodyguard.Artabanus' course of action is also uncertain. Some accounts have him usurping the throne for himself. Others consider him to have named young Artaxerxes I as King and to have acted as Regent and power behind the throne. This state of affairs would not last more than a few months. Artaxerxes reportedly slew him with his own sword, either in battle or by surprise. Artabanus is occasionally listed among the Kings of the Achaemenid dynasty though he was not related to them. As Artaxerxes is believed to be the inspiration for King Ahasuerus in the story of Purim, Artabanus may have been the inspiration for Haman in the same story. (Wikipedia) - Artabanus

Artabanus (Ancient Greek: Ἁρτάβανος) may refer to various rulers/monarchs of ancient Persia & Parthia:

  • Artabanus of Persia, reportedly Regent of Persia for a few months in 465 BC–464 BC
  • King Arsaces II of Parthia c. 211–191 BC, called Artabanus by some early scholars
  • Artabanus II (of Parthia) c. 127–124 BC
  • Artabanus III (of Parthia) c. AD 10–38
  • Artabanus IV (of Parthia) c. 80–81
  • Artabanus V (of Parthia) c. 216–224
  • Artabanus, one of the sons of Artabanus III who was killed with his family in 40

There is some confusion over the numbering of these rulers: scholars who give Arsaces II the name "Artabanus I" add one to the regnal number of his successors, thus counting up to Artabanus V.

Tags:Achaemenid, Ardoan, Arsaces, Arsacid, Artabanus, Artabanus IV, Artabanus IV (of Parthia), Artabanus V, Artaxerxes, Atropatene, Dariush, Egypt, Greek, Hyrcania, Media, Megabyzus, Parthia, Parthian, Persia, Roman, Susa, Vezir, Wikipedia, Xerxes

Artabanus Media

Artabanus Terms

Artabanus Articles

Artabanus Your Feedback