Artemis

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Updated:Monday 13th October 2014


Artemis ?

Artemis Definition

Goddess identified with hunting and the moon. - Artemis I of Caria is best remembered for her participation in the Battle of Salamis. The only one of his commanders to be female, Artemis counseled the Persian king Xerxes to coordinate a joint land-sea offensive. In 1960 An Iranian destroyer built during the Pahlavi dynasty was named Artemis in her honor.- Mythology : Artemis was the daughter of Zeus and Leto and the twin sister of Apollo. Accompanied by nymphs, she danced in mountains and forests. She both killed game and, as Mistress of Animals (see Master of the Animals), protected it. Stories of her nymphs' love affairs may originally have been told of the goddess herself, but poets after Homer stressed her chastity. She was known for her unpitying wrath when offended. Artemis may have developed out of Ishtar in the East. Her Roman counterpart was Diana. (Wikipedia) - Artemis For other uses, see Artemis (disambiguation). Artemis Abode Symbol Parents Siblings Roman equivalent
Goddess of the Hunt, Forests and Hills, the Moon, Archery
The Diana of Versailles, a Roman copy of a Greek sculpture by Leochares (Louvre Museum)
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Bow, arrows, stags, hunting dog and moon
Zeus and Leto
Ares, Athena, Apollo, Aphrodite, Dionysus, Hebe, Hermes, Heracles, Helen of Troy, Hephaestus, Perseus, Minos, the Muses, the Graces
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Artemis /ˈɑrtɨmɨs/ was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities. Her Roman equivalent is Diana. Some scholars believe that the name, and indeed the goddess herself, was originally pre-Greek. Homer refers to her as Artemis Agrotera, Potnia Theron: "Artemis of the wildland, Mistress of Animals". The Arcadians believed she was the daughter of Demeter.

In the classical period of Greek mythology, Artemis (Ancient Greek: Ἄρτεμις) was often described as the daughter of Zeus and Leto, and the twin sister of Apollo. She was the Hellenic goddess of the hunt, wild animals, wilderness, childbirth, virginity and protector of young girls, bringing and relieving disease in women; she often was depicted as a huntress carrying a bow and arrows. The deer and the cypress were sacred to her. In later Hellenistic times, she even assumed the ancient role of Eileithyia in aiding childbirth.

Contents
  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 Artemis in mythology
    • 2.1 Birth
    • 2.2 Childhood
    • 2.3 Intimacy
    • 2.4 Actaeon
    • 2.5 Adonis
    • 2.6 Orion
    • 2.7 The Aloadae
    • 2.8 Callisto
    • 2.9 Iphigenia and the Taurian Artemis
    • 2.10 Niobe
    • 2.11 Chione
    • 2.12 Atalanta, Oeneus and the Meleagrids
    • 2.13 Aura
    • 2.14 Trojan War
  • 3 Worship of Artemis
    • 3.1 Epithets
    • 3.2 Festivals
    • 3.3 Modern
  • 4 Artemis in art
    • 4.1 Attributes
      • 4.1.1 Fauna
      • 4.1.2 Flora
  • 5 Artemis as the Lady of Ephesus
  • 6 Artemis in astronomy
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References and sources
  • 9 External links

EtymologyDidrachm from Ephesus, Ionia, representing the goddess ArtemisSilver tetradrachm of the Indo-Greek king Artemidoros (whose name means "gift of Artemis"), c. 85 BCE, featuring Artemis with a drawn bow and a quiver on her back on the reverse of the coin

The name Artemis (noun, feminine) is of unknown or uncertain origin and etymology although various ones have been proposed.

For example according to Jablonski, the name is also Phrygian and could be "compared with the royal appellation Artemas of Xenophon. According to Charles Anthon the primitive root of the name is probably of Persian origin from *arta, *art, *arte, all meaning "great, excellent, holy," thus Artemis "becomes identical with the great mother of Nature, even as she was worshipped at Ephesus". Anton Goebel "suggests the root στρατ or ῥατ, "to shake," and makes Artemis mean the thrower of the dart or the shooter". Babiniotis while accepting that the etymology is unknown, states that the name is already attested in Mycenean Greek and is possibly of pre-Hellenic origin.

The name could also be possibly related to Greek árktos "bear" (from PIE *h₂ŕ̥tḱos), supported by the bear cult that the goddess had in Attica (Brauronia) and the Neolithic remains at the Arkoudiotissa Cave, as well as the story about Callisto, which was originally about Artemis (Arcadian epithet kallisto); this cult was a survival of very old totemic and shamanistic rituals and formed part of a larger bear cult found further afield in other Indo-European cultures (e.g., Gaulish Artio). It is believed that a precursor of Artemis was worshiped in Minoan Crete as the goddess of mountains and hunting, Britomartis. While connection with Anatolian names has been suggested, the earliest attested forms of the name Artemis are the Mycenaean Greek

Tags:Adonis, Anatolian, Artemis, Artemisia, Caria, Delos, Greek, Hellenism, Hermes, Ionia, Iranian, Moon, Nike, Olympic, Pahlavi, Persian, Polytheism, Roman, Sacred, Salamis, Troy, Uranus, Versailles, Wikipedia, Xenophon, Xerxes

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