Ashraf Afghan

اشرف افغان

ID:5612 Section:

Updated: Thursday 29th November 2007

Ashraf Afghan Definition

Ashraf Khan Hotak , son of Abdolaziz, was the third ruler of the Hotaki dynasty. An ethnic Pashtun (Afghan) from the Ghilzai tribe, he succeeded to the throne after the death of his cousin Mahmood Khan in 1725. The nephew of Mir Weis Khan Hotak, his reign was noted for the sudden decline in the Hotaki dynasty.Although Ashraf Khan tried securing Ottoman support by a peace agreement signed at Hamadan in September of 1727, Nader Afshar defeated allied Ashraf forces at the Battle of Mehmandoost near Damghan on October 2, 1729. Another decisive battle was fought in the following year at Moorchekhor near Isfahan. The Hotakis were defeated again, despite Ottoman support and evacuated Isfahan to the number of twelve thousand men, but, before quitting the city he had ruined, Ashraf murdered the unfortunate Shah Hossein Safavi, and carried off most of the ladies of the royal family and the King's treasure. When Shah Ṭahmasp II entered Isfahan on Dec, 9 he found a devastated city and was moved to tears at the desolation and desecration which met his eyes at every turn. After restoring Shah Tahmasp to power, Nader marched southwards in pursuit of the retiring Hotaki forces, whom he overtook and again defeated near Persepolis. Ashraf Khan fled from Shiraz towards Baluchestan. During his escape. Ashraf was later captured and killed by Baluch tribesmen.

Tags:Afghan, Afshar, Ashraf, Ashraf Afghan, Baluch, Baluchestan, Damghan, Ghilzai, Hamadan, Hotaki, Isfahan, Khan, Mehmandoost, Mir, Mir Weis Khan, Ottoman, Pashtun, Persepolis, Safavi, Shah, Shah Tahmasp, Shiraz, Tahmasp

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