Behesht Zahra

بهشت زهرا

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Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Behesht Zahra Definition

Behesht-e Zahra is the largest cemetery in Iran, located in the southern part of Tehran; it is connected to the city by a metro line. Many of the deceased soldiers of the Iran–Iraq War are buried there alongside a number of top Iranian officials including Imam Khomeini. (Wikipedia) - Behesht-e Zahra   (Redirected from Behesht Zahra) For the village, see Beheshti, Tehran. Behesht-e Zahra بهشت زهرا Details Year established Location Country Coordinates Type Size Number of graves Website Find a Grave
Shown within Iran Tehran
1970
Tehran
Iran
35°32′11″N 51°22′13″E / 35.536270°N 51.370183°E / 35.536270; 51.370183
Public
534 hectares
1,300,000
Official Website
Find A Grave

Behesht-e Zahra (Persian: بهشت زهرا‎,The Paradise of Zahara), is the largest cemetery in Iran. Located in the southern part of metropolitan Tehran, it is connected to the city by metro line No. 1. The cemetery has been one of the inspirations for the popular webcomic, Zahra''s Paradise.

Contents
  • 1 History
  • 2 Notable burials
    • 2.1 Royalties
    • 2.2 Politicians (Pahlavi Era)
    • 2.3 Military Personnel
    • 2.4 Political dissidents
    • 2.5 Politicians (Islamic Republic)
    • 2.6 Scholars
    • 2.7 Artists
    • 2.8 Actors/Actresses
    • 2.9 Athletes
    • 2.10 Others
  • 3 Images
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References

History

In the early 1950s, all the cemeteries in Tehran were supposed to be replaced by several large new ones outside the then precincts of the capital. Behesht-e Zahra was built in late 1960s on the southern side of Teheran towards the direction of the city of Qom and opened in 1970. The first person that buried in Behesht-e Zahra was Mohammad-Taghi Khial. The graveyard was the first place where Ayatollah Khomeini visited soon after his return to Iran on 1 February 1979 to honor the people who had been killed by the ousted Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi''s forces.

Many of the deceased soldiers of the Iran–Iraq War were buried in the martyr''s section of the graveyard.

Notable burials Royalties
  • Ezzosaltaneh Qajar (1891–1984) - daughter of Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar
  • Hamdamosaltaneh Pahlavi (1903–1978) – daughter of Reza Shah
  • Sadigheh Pahlavi (1917-1990) - daughter of Reza Shah
  • Hamid Reza Pahlavi (1932–1992) – youngest son of Reza Shah
  • Esmat Dowlatshahi (1904–1995) – Reza Shah''s wife
Politicians (Pahlavi Era)
  • Mohammad Sa''ed (1883–1973) – prime minister of Iran (1944) and (1948–50)
  • Amir-Abbas Hoveyda (1919–1979) – prime minister of Iran (1965–77) and leader of Rastakhiz party
  • Jahanshah Saleh (1904–1996) - senator
  • Mehrangiz Manouchehrian (1906–2000) - lawyer and senator
Military Personnel
  • Nematollah Nassiri (1910–1979) – Imperial Iranian Army (IIA) general and head of SAVAK (1965–78)
  • Jafarqoli Sadri (1911–1979) - head of National Police
  • Mehdi Rahimi (1921–1979) – IIA general
  • Reza Naji (1922–1979) - IIA general
  • Manouchehr Khosrowdad (1927–1979) - IIA general
  • Nader Jahanbani (1928–1979) – Imperial Iranian Air Force (IIAF) general
  • Amir Hossein Rabii (1931–1979) – commander in chief of IIAF (1977–79)
  • Houshang Vahid Dastjerdi (1925-1981) - head of National Police
  • Valiollah Fallahi (1931–1981) – chief of staff of Islamic Republic of Iran Army (IRIA)
  • Javad Fakoori (1938–1981) – chief of staff of Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force (IRIAF)
  • Ahmad Keshvari (1953–1981) - IRIA pilot
  • Hossein Fardoust (1917–1987) – IIA general and deputy head of SAVAK
  • Bahram Hooshyar (1938–1991) – IRIAF pilot
  • Mansour Sattari (1948–1995) - chief of staff of IRIAF
  • Ali Sayad Shirazi (1944–1999) – chief of staff of IRIA
  • Qasem-Ali Zahirnejad (1924–1999) - chief of staff of IRIA
  • Jalil Zandi (1951–2001) – IRIAF ace fighter pilot
  • Mahoammad-Hadi Shadmehr (1920–2008) - chief of staff of IRIA
Political dissidents
  • Saeed Mohsen (1939–1972) - Marxist activist and a founder of People''s Mujahedin of Iran (PMOI)
  • Mohammad Hanifnejad (1940–1972) - Marxist activist and a founder of PMOI
  • Ali-Asghar Badizadegan (1940–1972) - Marxist activist and a founder of PMOI
  • Khosrow Golsorkhi (1944–1974) – Marxist activist and member of Tudeh Party
  • Keramatollah Daneshian (1944–1974) – Marxist activist and poet
  • Bijan Jazani (1938–1975) – Marxist activist and a founder of Organization of Iranian People''s Fedai Guerrillas (OIPFG)
  • Hamid Ashraf (1946–1976) – Marxist activist and a founder of OIPFG
  • Ali Andarzgoo (1937–1978) - Islamist activist
  • Kamran Nejatollahi (1953–1978) - scholar
  • Ali Shayegan (1901–1981) – member of the National Front
  • Mozzafar Baghai (1911–1987) – member of the National Front
  • Ali-Akbar Sa''idi Sirjani (1931–1994) – journalist
  • Ahmad Zirakzadeh (1907–1993) – member of the National Front
  • Homa Darabi (1940–1994) – pediatrician
  • Ebrahim Zalzadeh (1948–1997) – author
  • Dariush Forouhar (1928–1998) – founder of Nation Party of Iran
  • Parvaneh Forouhar (1938–1998) – politician
  • Majid Sharif (1950–1998) – journalist
  • Hossein Makki (1911–1999) - member of the National Front
  • Noureddin Kianouri (1915–1999) – Marxist activist and general secretary of Tudeh Party
  • Parviz Varjavand (1934–2007) – scholar and member of the National Front
  • Zahra Bani Yaghoub (1980–2007) – physician
  • Maryam Firouz (1914–2008) – communist member of Tudeh party
  • Seyed Ali Mousavi (1966–2009) – protester
  • Neda Agha-Soltan (1983–2009) – protester
  • Ramin Pourandarjani (1983–2009) - physician
  • Mohsen Rouholamini (1984–2009) – protester
  • Mohammad Mokhtari (1989–2009) – protester
  • Sohrab Aarabi (1990–2009) – protester
  • Siamak Pourzand (1931–2011) – journalist
  • Hoda Saber (1959–2011) – journalist
  • Mohammad Mokhtari (1989–2011) – protester
  • Farideh Mashini (1960–2012) – feminist
Politicians (Islamic Republic)
  • Mahmoud Taleghani (1911–1979) – cleric and a founder of Freedom Movement of Iran
  • Mohammad Hossein Fahmideh (1967–1980) – war hero
  • Mostafa Chamran (1932–1981) – minister of defence
  • Mohammad Beheshti (1928–1981) – chief justice of Iran (1979-81) and head of Islamic Republic Party (IRP)
  • Mousa Namjoo (1938-1981) - minister of defence
  • Hassan Ayat (1938–1981) – member of IRP
  • Mohammad-Javad Bahonar (1933–1981) – prime minister of Iran (1981)
  • Mohammad-Ali Rajai (1933–1981) – prime minister (1980–81) and president of Iran (1981)
  • Hassan Abbaspour (1944–1981) - minister of energy
  • Mahmoud Qandi (1944–1981) - minister of communication
  • Mohammad Jahanara (1954–1981) - member of Islamic Revolution Guard Corps (IRGC)
  • Mohammad Boroujerdi (1955–1983) - member of IRGC
  • Mohammad Ebrahim Hemmat (1955–1984) – member of IRGC
  • Mahmoud Kaveh (1961–1986) – member of IRGC
  • Ruhollah Khomeini (1902–1989) – cleric and supreme leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran (1979–1989)
  • Mohammad Javad Tondguyan (1938–1991) – minister of petroleum
  • Morteza Avini (1947–1993) – war photographer
  • Ahmad Khomeini (1945–1995) – cleric and politician
  • Asadollah Lajevardi (1935–1998) – warden of Evin Prison
  • Rahman Dadman (1956–2001) – minister of roads and transportation
  • Mohsen Nourbakhsh (1948–2003) – governor of the Central Bank
  • Jamal Karimi-Rad (1956–2006) – minister of justice
  • Ahmad Kazemi (1958–2006) – member of IRGC
  • Mohammad-Reza Tavassoli (1931–2008) – cleric
  • Ahmad Bourghani (1959–2008) – Majles MP
  • Khadijeh Saqafi (1913–2009) – Khomeini''s wife
  • Hassan Habibi (1937–2013) – vice president
  • Habibollah Asgaroladi (1932–2013) - politician
Scholars
  • Mojtaba Minovi (1903–1976) – scholar
  • Mohsen Hashtroodi (1908–1976) – scholar
  • Issa Seddiq (1894–1978) - scholar and founder of the University of Tehran
  • Azar Andami (1926–1984) - physician
  • Abbas Nalbandian (1949–1989) - playwright
  • Parviz Natel-Khanlari (1914–1990) – linguist and scholar
  • Mehrdad Avesta (1930–1991) – poet
  • Bahram Farahvashi (1925–1992) - linguist
  • Ahmad Fardid (1909–1994) – philosopher
  • Mehrdad Bahar (1930–1994) – linguist
  • Mohammad Javad Mashkour (1918–1995) - scholar
  • Abbas Zaryab (1919–1995) – scholar
  • Mohammad Taghi Daneshpajouh (1911–1996) – scholar
  • Karim Fakoor (1926–1996) - poet
  • Ahmad Tafazzoli (1937–1997) – scholar
  • Ahmad Aram (1904–1998) - scholar
  • Hamid Mosadegh (1940–1998) – poet
  • Morteza Ravandi (1913–1999) - scholar
  • Jafar Shahri (1914–1999) - ethnographer
  • Abdolhossein Zarrinkoob (1923–1999) – scholar
  • Mahmoud Mosaheb (1912–2000) - scholar
  • Abbas Sahab (1921–2000) - scholar
  • Parviz Shapour (1924–2000) – writer and satirist
  • Fereydun Moshiri (1926–2000) – poet
  • Parviz Dariush (1922–2001) - poet
  • Yahya Zoka (1923–2001) - scholar
  • Amir-Hossein Aryanpour (1925–2001) – lexicographer
  • Gholamhossein Ahani (1927–2001) - scholar
  • Ahmad Birashk (1907–2002) - scholar
  • Mostafa Rahimi (1926–2002) - scholar
  • Reza Beykzadeh (1946–2002) - journalist
  • Farrokh Tamimi (1933–2002) - poet
  • Iraj Bastami (1957–2003) – poet
  • Abdolhossein Navaei (1924–2004) - scholar
  • Kioumars Saberi Foumani (1941–2004) – satirist
  • Shahrokh Meskoob (1924–2005) – scholar
  • Esmail Navvab Safa (1925–2005) - poet
  • Karim Emami (1930–2005) – translator
  • Nowzar Parang (1937–2006) - poet
  • Iraj Zand (1950–2006) - sculptor
  • Houshang A''lam (1928–2007) - scholar
  • Mahdi Ghalibafian (1935–2007) – scholar
  • Bagher Ayatollahzadeh Shirazi (1936–2007) - scholar
  • Akbar Radi (1939–2007) – playwright
  • Fereydun Adamiyat (1920–2008) – historian
  • Nader Ebrahimi (1936–2008) – writer
  • Massoud Azarnoush (1945–2008) – archeologist
  • Mehran Ghassemi (1977–2008) – journalist
  • Roza Montazemi (1921–2009) – author
  • Abolghassem Mas''udi (1930–2009) - journalist
  • Bijan Taraghi (1930–2009) - poet
  • Esmail Fasih (1935–2009) - writer
  • Enayatollah Reza (1920–2010) – scholar
  • Seifollah Kambakhsh-Fard (1929–2010) - archeologist
  • Rahim Rezazadeh Malek (1940–2010) - historian
  • Shokouh Mirfattah (1946–2010) – scholar
  • Iraj Afshar (1925–2011) – bibliographer and historian
  • Manouchehr Vesal (1913–2012) - scholar
  • Simin Daneshvar (1921–2012) – scholar and novelist
  • Ehsan Naraghi (1926–2012) – scholar
  • Parviz Rajabi (1939–2012) - scholar
  • Baqer Aqeli (1929–2013) - scholar
  • Mohammad-Ebrahim Bastani Parizi (1924–2014) - historian
  • Simin Behbahani (1927–2014) - poet
Artists

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