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Updated: Monday 13th October 2014

Bishkek Definition

Bishkek : Formerly (1926-91) Frunze, capital of Kirgizstan. It lies on the Chu River near the Kirgiz Mountains on the Kazakhstan border. In 1825 the Uzbek khanate of Kokand established a fortress on the site, which in 1862 was captured by the Russians. The Russians mistakenly called it Pishpek. When the Kirgiz Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was set up in 1926, the city became its capital and was renamed Frunze for a Red Army leader who was born there. It developed as an industrial city, especially in World War II (1939-45) when heavy industries from western Russia were moved there. (Wikipedia) - Bishkek "Frunze" redirects here. For other meanings, see Frunze (disambiguation). Bishkek Бишкек (Kyrgyz) Kyrgyz transcription(s)  • ISO 9  • BGN/PCGN  • ALA-LC Country Shaar Founded Raion Government  • Mayor Area  • Total Elevation Population (2012)  • Total  • Density Time zone Postal code Area code(s) Vehicle registration Website
Ala-Too Square
Flag Coat of arms
BishkekLocation in Kyrgyzstan
Coordinates: 42°52′29″N 74°36′44″E / 42.87472°N 74.61222°E / 42.87472; 74.61222
Bishkek (It is, however, the capital of the Chuy Province)
  • Leninsky
  • Oktyabrsky
  • Pervomaysky
  • Sverdlovsky
Kubanychbek Kulmatov
127 km2 (49 sq mi)
800 m (2,600 ft)
6,900/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
UTC+6 (UTC+6)
(+996) 312
B, E (Kyrgyz)(Russian)
Bishkek Climate chart (explanation)
    26   3 −9     31   3 −7     47   10 0     76   18 6     64   23 11     35   28 15     19   31 18     12   30 16     17   25 11     43   17 5     44   10 −1     28   5 −5
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: World Meteorological Organization
Imperial conversion
    1   37 17     1.2   38 19     1.9   50 31     3   65 43     2.5   74 52     1.4   83 59     0.7   89 64     0.5   86 60     0.7   77 51     1.7   63 40     1.7   50 30     1.1   41 22
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Bishkek (in Kyrgyz and Russian: Бишкéк), formerly Pishpek and Frunze, is the capital and the largest city of the Kyrgyz Republic. Bishkek is also the administrative centre of Chuy Province which surrounds the city, even though the city itself is not part of the province but rather a province-level unit of Kyrgyzstan.

According to the post-Soviet ideology, the name is thought to derive from a Kyrgyz word for a churn used to make fermented mare''s milk (kumis), the Kyrgyz national drink, which is rather debatable. Founded in 1825 as a Khokand fortress of "Pishpek" to control local caravan routes and to get tribute from Kyrgyz tribes, on 4 September 1860 the fortress was destroyed by Russian forces led by colonel Zimmermann, with approval of the Kyrgyz. In 1868 a Russian settlement was founded on the fortress''s spot, adopting its original name - Pishpek, within the General Governorship of Russian Turkestan and its Semirechye Oblast.

In 1925 the Kara-Kirghiz Autonomous Oblast was created in Russian Turkestan, promoting Pishpek as its capital. In 1926 the city was given the name Frunze, after the Bolshevik military leader Mikhail Frunze, who was born here. In 1936 the city of Frunze became the capital of the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic during the final stages of the national delimitation in the Soviet Union.

In 1991, the Kyrgyz parliament changed the capital''s name to Bishkek (without quorum though).

Bishkek is situated at about 800 metres (2,600 ft) altitude just off the northern fringe of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too range, an extension of the Tian Shan mountain range, which rises up to 4,855 metres (15,928 ft) and provides a spectacular backdrop to the city. North of the city, a fertile and gently undulating steppe extends far north into neighbouring Kazakhstan. The Chui River drains most of the area. Bishkek is connected to the Turkestan-Siberia Railway by a spur line.

Bishkek is a city of wide boulevards and marble-faced public buildings combined with numerous Soviet-style apartment blocks surrounding interior courtyards and, especially outside the city centre, thousands of smaller privately built houses. It is laid out on a grid pattern, with most streets flanked on both sides by narrow irrigation channels that water the innumerable trees which provide shade in the hot summers.

  • 1 History
    • 1.1 Kokhand Rule
    • 1.2 Tsarist Era
    • 1.3 Soviet Era
    • 1.4 Independence Era
  • 2 Geography
    • 2.1 Orientation
    • 2.2 City centre
    • 2.3 Outer neighbourhoods
    • 2.4 Outside the city
    • 2.5 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Ecology and environment
    • 4.1 Air quality
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Government
  • 7 Sports
  • 8 Education
  • 9 Transportation
    • 9.1 Mass public transport
    • 9.2 Commuter and long-distance buses
    • 9.3 Rail
    • 9.4 Air
  • 10 Notable people
    • 10.1 In popular culture
  • 11 Sister cities
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links


Tags:Ala, Bishkek, Bolshevik, Demographics, Geography, ISO, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kyrgyzstan, Red Army, Russia, Russian, Soviet, Soviet Union, Turkestan, Uzbek, Website, Wikipedia, World War II

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