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Updated:Saturday 11th October 2014

Bozorgmehr Definition

- Bozorgmehr may have been used as a title Bozorg (Grand) Mehr (Sun)Bozorgmehr son of Bakhtag (Bakhtagan), was the Vezir of Sassanid king Khosrau Anoushirvan dadgar( the Just) (reign 531–578) attested in the literature and legend of Iran. He was a man of exceptional wisdom and sage counsels and later became a characterization of the expression. His name has appeared in some of the important work in Persian literature, most notably in the Shahnameh of Ferdowsi.Bozorgmehr may have also been the title of Borzu or Borzouyeh, the Hakim of the Sassanid court and sometimes thought to be same person.Bozorgmehr was first appointed as a tutor to Hormoz, Anoushirvan's son. Bozorgmehr became Vezir when showing great talent and knowledge in politics. According to Bozorgmehr, the greatest misery for any human is to find out that he has achieved nothing good at the end of his life.When the king of India sent the chessboard to Iran, Bozorgmehr not only won the Indian ambassador in the game but also invented the backgammon game.In Shahnameh there are several references to Bozorgmehr, in one case the Roman Emperor sent a puzzle in a box to the Shah of Iran and Bozorgmehr was the only one to solve it. (Wikipedia) - Bozorgmehr Bozorgmehr, Sculpture on Bozorgmehr Square, Isfahan, IranNot to be confused with Borzūya.

Bozorgmehr-e Bokhtagan (Middle Persian: Wuzurgmihr ī Bōkhtagān), also known as Burzmihr, Dadmihr and Dadburzmihr, was a Sasanian nobleman from the Karen family, who served as minister of the Sasanian king Kavadh I (498-531), and later as Grand Vizier under his son Khosrau I (reign 531–579), and then as spahbed under Hormizd IV. According to Persian and Arabic sources, he was a man of "exceptional wisdom and sage counsels" and later became a characterisation of the expression. His name appears in several important works in Persian literature, most notably in the Shahnameh. The historian Arthur Christensen has suggested that Bozorgmehr was the same person as Borzūya the physician, but historigraphical studies of post-Sassanid Persian literature, as well as linguistic analysis show otherwise. However, the word "Borzūya" can sometimes be considered a shortened form of Bozorgmehr.

  • 1 Biography
  • 2 Works
  • 3 References
  • 4 Sources


Bozorgmehr is first mentioned in 498, as one of the nine sons of the powerful nobleman Sukhra. After Kavadh I had reclaimed the Sasanian throne from his younger brother Djamasp, he appointed Bozorgmehr as his minister. After the death of Kavadh, his son, Khosrau I, appointed Bozorgmehr as his Grand Vizier. During the reign of Khosrau''s son Hormizd IV, Bozorgmehr was appointed as spahbed of Khorasan. According to Ferdinand Justi, Bozorgmehr was later executed by the order of Hormizd IV.

Grand Vizier Bozorgmehr challenges the Indian envoy to a game of chess.

An early reference to Bozorgmehr is found in the Aydāgār ī Wuzurgmihr, in which he is called an argbed—a high-ranking title in the Sassanid and Parthian periods. Among other sources, later mention of him is made in the Shahnameh and in Ṯaʿālebī’s Ḡorar and Masʿūdī’s Morūj.


Several Middle Persian treatises by Bozorgmehr such as the Ayādgār ī Wuzurg­mihr ī Bōxtagān and Wizārišn ī čatrang ("Treatise on Chess") as well as the original versions of the Ketāb al-zabarj, a commentary on Vettius Valens’s Astro­logica, and Ketāb Mehrāzād Jošnas (Mehrāḏar Jošnas) as well as the Ẓafar-nāma, a book in Persian said to have been translated from Middle Persian by Avicenna, are attributed to Bozorgmehr.

Tags:Anoushirvan, Arabic, Avicenna, Bozorgmehr, Ferdowsi, Hakim, Hormoz, India, Iran, Isfahan, Kavadh, Khorasan, Khosrau, Khosrau I, Mehr, Parthian, Persian, Roman, Sassanid, Shah, Shah of Iran, Shahnameh, Sun, Vezir, Wikipedia

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