Bushehr Province

استان بوشهر

ID:15691 Section: Place

Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Bushehr Province Definition

(Wikipedia) - Bushehr Province Bushehr Province استان بوشهر Country Region Capital Counties Area  • Total Population (2011)  • Total  • Density Time zone  • Summer (DST) Main language(s)
Province
Map of Bushehr Province
Location of Bushehr within Iran
Coordinates: 28°55′06″N 50°50′18″E / 28.9184°N 50.8382°E / 28.9184; 50.8382Coordinates: 28°55′06″N 50°50′18″E / 28.9184°N 50.8382°E / 28.9184; 50.8382
 Iran
Region 2
Bushehr
10
22,743 km2 (8,781 sq mi)
1,032,949
45/km2 (120/sq mi)
IRST (UTC+03:30)
IRST (UTC+04:30)
Persian, Lurish.

Bushehr Province (Persian: استان بوشهر‎, Ostān-e Būshehr ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, with a long coastline onto the Persian Gulf. Its center is Bandar-e-Bushehr, the provincial capital. The province has nine counties: Asaluyeh, Bushehr, Dashtestan, Dashti, Dayyer, Deylam, Jam, Kangan, Ganaveh and Tangestan. In 2011, the province had a population of approximately 500,000 people.

The province was put as part of Region 2 upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22nd, 2014.

Contents
  • 1 History
  • 2 Administrative divisions
  • 3 Bushehr today
  • 4 Colleges and universities
  • 5 Sports
  • 6 Some attractions of Bushehr
  • 7 Literature
  • 8 2013 Bushehr earthquake
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

History

The Greeks knew of Bushehr by Mezambria during the battles of Nearchus. A French excavating team however in 1913 determined the origin of Bushehr to date back to the Elamite Empire. A city there, known as Lyan, contained a temple that was designed to protect the compound from naval attacks. Its remains can still be seen today 10 kilometers south of the present city of Bushehr.

Marco Polo describes this region as part of the Persian province of Shabankareh

A key turning point in the history of Bor event of significance is known to have taken place in this region until the arrival of the European colonialists in the 16th century.

The Portuguese, invaded the city of Bushehr in 1506 and remained there until Shah Abbas Safavi defeated and liberated the Persian Gulf region of their presence. By 1734, Bushehr had once again risen to prominence due to Nadir Shah of the Afsharid dynasty, and his military policies in The Persian Gulf.

Bushehr was selected by Nadir to be the central base of Nadir''s Naval fleet in the Persian Gulf. He thus changed the name of the city to Bandar e Nadiriyeh (Nadir''s Port). He hired an Englishman by the name of John Elton to help build his fleet. Dutch accounts report his naval fleet to have amounted to 8000-10000 personnel as well as several ship construction installations.

After Nadir''s death, the Dutch continued to have good commercial relations in Bushehr, until the British made their debut in Bushehr in 1763 by a contract they signed with Karim Khan of the Zand dynasty. By then, the city of Bushehr had become Iran''s major port city in the Persian Gulf. By the Qajar era, Britain, Norway, Russia, Italy, France, Germany, and the Ottomans had diplomatic and commercial offices there, with Britain steadily gaining a foothold in the area. Close to 100 British ships are reported to have docked at the port city every year during the Qajar era.

Administrative divisions

Bushehr Province:

Map Province capital County capital
Khūzestān Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Fars Province Deylam Ganaveh Dashtestan Bushehr Tangestan Dashti Kangan Dayyer Jam Hormozgān Persian Gulf
Bushehr Bushehr
Asaluyeh Asaluyeh
Bushehr Bushehr
Dashtestan Borazjan
Dashti Khormoj
Dayyer Dayyer
Deylam Deylam
Ganaveh Ganaveh
Jam Jam
Kangan Kangan
Tangestan Ahram
Bushehr todayThe coast in Bushehr by the Persian Gulf.

Aside from the revived port city of Bushehr, which is the second main naval port of Iran after Bandar Abbas, Bushehr also has come back recently in the spotlight for three main reasons:

Kharg Island (Khark Island)

During the Iran-Iraq war, Iran''s major petroleum exporting ports in Khuzestan sustained damages so severe that a second port in Kharg Island was selected to carry on the major responsibility of Iran''s petroleum exports, though even Kharg was not immune from Iraqi air raids.

Bushehr Nuclear Reactor Main article: Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant

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