(Wikipedia) - Bushehr Province
Bushehr Province استان بوشهر
| Map of Bushehr Province |
| Location of Bushehr within Iran |
|Coordinates: 28°55′06″N 50°50′18″E / 28.9184°N 50.8382°E / 28.9184; 50.8382Coordinates: 28°55′06″N 50°50′18″E / 28.9184°N 50.8382°E / 28.9184; 50.8382 |
| Iran |
|Region 2 |
|22,743 km2 (8,781 sq mi) |
|45/km2 (120/sq mi) |
|IRST (UTC+03:30) |
• Summer (DST)
|IRST (UTC+04:30) |
|Persian, Lurish. |
Bushehr Province (Persian: استان بوشهر, Ostān-e Būshehr ) is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the south of the country, with a long coastline onto the Persian Gulf. Its center is Bandar-e-Bushehr, the provincial capital. The province has nine counties: Asaluyeh, Bushehr, Dashtestan, Dashti, Dayyer, Deylam, Jam, Kangan, Ganaveh and Tangestan. In 2011, the province had a population of approximately 500,000 people.
The province was put as part of Region 2 upon the division of the provinces into 5 regions solely for coordination and development purposes on June 22nd, 2014. Contents
- 1 History
- 2 Administrative divisions
- 3 Bushehr today
- 4 Colleges and universities
- 5 Sports
- 6 Some attractions of Bushehr
- 7 Literature
- 8 2013 Bushehr earthquake
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The Greeks knew of Bushehr by Mezambria during the battles of Nearchus. A French excavating team however in 1913 determined the origin of Bushehr to date back to the Elamite Empire. A city there, known as Lyan, contained a temple that was designed to protect the compound from naval attacks. Its remains can still be seen today 10 kilometers south of the present city of Bushehr.
Marco Polo describes this region as part of the Persian province of Shabankareh
A key turning point in the history of Bor event of significance is known to have taken place in this region until the arrival of the European colonialists in the 16th century.
The Portuguese, invaded the city of Bushehr in 1506 and remained there until Shah Abbas Safavi defeated and liberated the Persian Gulf region of their presence. By 1734, Bushehr had once again risen to prominence due to Nadir Shah of the Afsharid dynasty, and his military policies in The Persian Gulf.
Bushehr was selected by Nadir to be the central base of Nadir''s Naval fleet in the Persian Gulf. He thus changed the name of the city to Bandar e Nadiriyeh (Nadir''s Port). He hired an Englishman by the name of John Elton to help build his fleet. Dutch accounts report his naval fleet to have amounted to 8000-10000 personnel as well as several ship construction installations.
After Nadir''s death, the Dutch continued to have good commercial relations in Bushehr, until the British made their debut in Bushehr in 1763 by a contract they signed with Karim Khan of the Zand dynasty. By then, the city of Bushehr had become Iran''s major port city in the Persian Gulf. By the Qajar era, Britain, Norway, Russia, Italy, France, Germany, and the Ottomans had diplomatic and commercial offices there, with Britain steadily gaining a foothold in the area. Close to 100 British ships are reported to have docked at the port city every year during the Qajar era. Administrative divisions
Bushehr todayThe coast in Bushehr by the Persian Gulf.
Map Province capital County capital
|Bushehr ||Bushehr |
|Asaluyeh ||Asaluyeh |
|Bushehr ||Bushehr |
|Dashtestan ||Borazjan |
|Dashti ||Khormoj |
|Dayyer ||Dayyer |
|Deylam ||Deylam |
|Ganaveh ||Ganaveh |
|Jam ||Jam |
|Kangan ||Kangan |
|Tangestan ||Ahram |
Aside from the revived port city of Bushehr, which is the second main naval port of Iran after Bandar Abbas, Bushehr also has come back recently in the spotlight for three main reasons: Kharg Island (Khark Island)
During the Iran-Iraq war, Iran''s major petroleum exporting ports in Khuzestan sustained damages so severe that a second port in Kharg Island was selected to carry on the major responsibility of Iran''s petroleum exports, though even Kharg was not immune from Iraqi air raids. Bushehr Nuclear Reactor Main article: Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant
Tags:Administrative, Asaluyeh, Bandar Abbas, Bandar-e-Bushehr, Borazjan, Britain, British, Bushehr, Bushehr Nuclear Power Plant, Bushehr Province, Capital, Dashtestan, Dutch, Elamite, Fars, Fars Province, France, French, Germany, Iran, Iran-Iraq, Iraq, Iraqi, Italy, Jam, Karim Khan, Khan, Kharg, Kharg Island, Khark Island, Khuzestan, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Norway, Nuclear Reactor, Ottomans, Persian, Persian Gulf, Portuguese, Qajar, Russia, Safavi, Shah, Shah Abbas, Tangestan, Wikipedia, Zand