چریکهای فدایی خلق

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Updated: Monday 13th October 2014

CFK Definition

CFK or the Organization of Iranian People's Fadayi Guerrillas emerged as radical Marxist-Leninist movement in Iran in 1971, formed to overthrow the Pahlavi regime. The group fought against the governments of Mohammad Reza Shah and after the 1979 revolution, the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran.The organization was the product of the merger of two smaller groups of revolutionaries: former members of the youth organization of the Communist Toodeh Party while the second group's members were mostly followers of the National Front and its affiliated organizations.The first meeting was organized in 1963 by Bijan Jazani and his colleagues. By 1966, when Hassan Zia-Zarifi and Jazani got together, they had reached the conclusion that the powerful American influence in Iran and the repression against liberal dissidents in Iran had made peaceful activism entirely ineffective. Armed struggle was therefore viewed as the sole effective way to liberation.Shortly after that, on February, 8 1971 nine members of the group launched their first attack on the gendarmerie post of the small village of Siahkal in the northern Gilan forests, widely viewed as the turning point in the leftist armed struggle against the Shah. After the subsequent arrest and murder of the guerrilla team, the two groups officially united and the Organization of Iranian People's Fadayi Guerrillas shortly CFK came to existence.In the period from 1971 to 1979, CFK came under an intense attack by the Shah's regime, with nearly 300 members were killed by the regime. In this period the majority of the Organization's leaders were captured and executed.CFK would pass through various periods of internal divisions. In 1979 Ashraf Dehghani left CFK, accusing it of deviating from the line of guerrilla warfare, and formed a parallel group. In the same year former CFK cadres formed the Organization of Revolutionary Workers of Iran.Following the revolution, the Organization public offices were established in most Iranian cities. In the first election after the revolution, CFK received 10% of the votes.In the meantime, internal discussions on the issues of revolution and regime’s nature were under way amongst CFK which resulted in several break ups in the Organization. Means and Methods of struggle and policies towards the new government were the top issues. Majority of the organization members did not believe in armed struggle anymore and at the new political atmosphere recognized the Islamic Republic as an anti-Imperialist state. That majority chose to pace with the people - masses who were widely the followers of their religious leaders.On May Day 1981, thousands of CFK (Majority) supporters gathered in Tehran. At its May Day rally, the organization announced that the group would cease to conduct guerrilla warfare. (Wikipedia) - CFK

CFK may refer to:

  • Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, current President of Argentina
  • Chemische Fabrik Kalk, a former German chemical company
  • Charles Foster Kane, the titular character of Citizen Kane
  • Chefornak Airport (FAA LID: CFK), an airport in Chefornak, Alaska
  • Cyber Front Korea, a game company, Korea
This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.

Tags:Alaska, American, Argentina, Armed, Ashraf, Ashraf Dehghani, CFK, Communist, German, Gilan, Iran, Iranian, Islamic, Islamic Republic, Islamic Republic of Iran, Korea, Leninist, Marxist, Mohammad Reza Shah, National Front, OIPFG, Pahlavi, President, Reza Shah, Shah, Siahkal, Tehran, Toodeh, Toodeh Party, Wikipedia

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