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Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Cambyses Definition

Son of Cyrus the Great: king of Persia 522 B.C.Cambyses was the oldest son of Cyrus the Great, the first king of the Achaemenid Empire (559-530). The name of Cambyses' mother is Cassandane. Cyrus appointed his son Cambyses as king of Babylon. Cambyses' reign in Babylon lasted for only one year after that Cambyses became satrap of Bactria.Cyrus fell in a battle against the Massagetes in the last weeks of 530. Before he left, he had appointed Cambyses as his successor. After ascending the throne, Cambyses married Phaedymia, the daughter of Otanes. The most important event during Cambyses' reign was the conquest of Egypt:The war took place in 525 BC, when Amasis II had just been succeeded by his son Psamtik III. Cambyses had prepared for the march through the desert by an alliance with Arabian chieftains, who brought a large supply of water to the stations. King Amasis had hoped that Egypt would be able to withstand the threatened Persian attack by an alliance with the Greeks.But this hope failed, as the Cypriot towns and the tyrant Polycrates of Samos, who possessed a large fleet, now preferred to join the Persians, and the commander of the Greek troops, Phanes of Halicarnassus, went over to them. In the decisive battle at Pelusium the Egyptian army was defeated, and shortly afterwards Memphis was taken. The captive king Psammetichus was executed, having attempted a rebellion. The Egyptian inscriptions show that Cambyses officially adopted the titles and the costume of the Pharaohs.According to Herodotus, Cambyses sent an army to capture the Oracle of Amun at the Siwa Oasis. The army of 50,000 men was halfway across the desert when a massive sandstorm buried them all.While Cambyses was on a campaign, his brother Bardiya claimed the throne. While he was marching towards Persia, he was severely injured and died in March, 522 BC. (Wikipedia) - Cambyses II   (Redirected from Cambyses) "Cambyses" redirects here. For other uses, see Cambyses (disambiguation). Cambyses II Reign Predecessor Successor Old Persian
  • King of Kings of Persia
  • Pharaoh of Egypt
530 BC – 522 BC
Cyrus the Great

Tags:Achaemenid, Achaemenid Empire, Amasis II, Amun, Babylon, Bactria, Cambyses, Cassandane, Cyrus, Cyrus the Great, Egypt, Egyptian, Greek, Herodotus, Massagetes, Memphis, Old Persian, Otanes, Pelusium, Persia, Persian, Phaedymia, Pharaoh, Psamtik III, Samos, Wikipedia

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