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Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Carthage Definition

Carthage was an ancient city/civilization in northern Africa.Ancient Carthage was a civilization centered around the Phoenician city-state of Carthage, located in North Africa on the Gulf of Tunis, outside what is now Tunis, Tunisia. Originally a dependency of Tyre, Carthage gained independence around 650 BC and established a hegemony over other Phoenician settlements throughout North Africa and what is now Spain which lasted until 146 BC. At the height of the city's prominence, its influence extended over most of the western Mediterranean.Carthage was in a constant state of struggle with the Roman Republic, which led to a series of conflicts known as the Punic Wars. After the third and final Punic War, Carthage was destroyed and then occupied by Roman forces. Nearly all of the other Phoenician city-states and former Carthaginian dependencies fell into Roman hands from then on.Phoenicians established numerous colonial cities along the Mediterranean coasts. They were stimulated to found their cities by a need for revitalizing trade in order to pay tribute to Tyre, Sidon, and Byblos by the succession of empires that ruled them and by fear of complete Greek colonization of that part of the Mediterranean suitable for commerce. The Phoenicians lacked the population or necessity to establish self-sustaining cities abroad, and most cities had fewer than 1,000 inhabitants, but Carthage and a few other cities developed into large cities.Some 300 colonies were established in Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria, Iberia, and to a much lesser extent, on the arid coast of Libya. The Phoenicians controlled Cyprus, Sardinia, Corsica, and the Balearic Islands, as well as minor possessions in Crete and Sicily; the latter settlements were in perpetual conflict with the Greeks. The Phoenicians managed to control all of Sicily for a limited time. The entire area later came under the leadership and protection of Carthage, which in turn dispatched its own colonists to found new cities or to reinforce those that declined with Tyre and Sidon.The first colonies were made on the two paths to Iberia's mineral wealth — along the North African coast and on Sicily, Sardinia and the Balearic Islands. The centre of the Phoenician world was Tyre, serving as an economic and political hub. The power of this city waned following numerous sieges and its eventual destruction by Alexander the Great, and the role as leader passed to Sidon, and eventually to Carthage. Each colony paid tribute to either Tyre or Sidon, but neither had actual control of the colonies. This changed with the rise of Carthage, since the Carthaginians appointed their own magistrates to rule the towns and Carthage retained much direct control over the colonies. This policy resulted in a number of Iberian towns siding with the Romans during the Punic Wars.In 509 BC, a treaty was signed between Carthage and Rome indicating a division of influence and commercial activities. This is the first known source indicating that Carthage had gained control over Sicily and Sardinia.By the beginning of the 5th century BC, Carthage had become the commercial center of the West Mediterranean region, a position it retained until overthrown by the Roman Republic. The city had conquered most of the old Phoenician colonies e.g. Hadrumetum, Utica, and Kerkouane, subjugated the Libyan tribes (with the Numidian and Mauretanian kingdoms remaining more or less independent), and taken control of the enti (Wikipedia) - Carthage This article is about the city itself. For the civilization, see Ancient Carthage. For other uses, see Carthage (disambiguation). Carthage قرطاج Country Governorate Government  • Mayor Area  • City Population (2013)  • City  • Density  • Metro Time zone Type: Criteria: Designated: Reference No. State Party: Region:
Thermes of Antoninus Pius at Carthage
CarthageLocation in Greater Tunis
Coordinates: 36°51′29″N 10°19′51″E / 36.85806°N 10.33083°E / 36.85806; 10.33083Coordinates: 36°51′29″N 10°19′51″E / 36.85806°N 10.33083°E / 36.85806; 10.33083
Azedine Beschaouch
180 km2 (70 sq mi)
120/km2 (310/sq mi)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
ii, iii, vi
1979 (3rd session)
Arab States
Downfall of the Carthaginian Empire   Lost to Rome in the First Punic War (264BC – 241BC)   Won after the First Punic War, lost in the Second Punic War   Lost in the Second Punic War (218BC – 201BC)   Conquered by Rome in the Third Punic War (149BC – 146BC)

The city of Carthage (/ˈkɑrθɪdʒ/) was the centre of the ancient Carthage in antiquity. The city developed from a Phoenician colony of the 1st millennium BC into the capital of an ancient empire.

The name of Carthage, Latin: Carthago or Karthago, Ancient Greek: Καρχηδών Karkhēdōn, Etruscan: *Carθaza, is derived from a Phoenician

Tags:Africa, African, Alexander the Great, Algeria, Arab, Carthage, Cyprus, Greek, Iberia, Iberian, Libya, Libyan, Mediterranean, Morocco, Roman, Rome, Spain, Tunisia, UNESCO, Wikipedia, World Heritage, World Heritage Site

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