Cassandane

کاساندان

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Updated:Saturday 11th October 2014

Cassandane Definition

Cassandane was an Achaemenid Persian noble and the only wife of Cyrus the Great. She was the daughter of Pharnaspes. She bore four children for Cyrus II: Cambyses II who succeeded his father and conquered Egypt, Smerdis who also reigned as king of Persia for a short time, Atoosa, and two other daughters named Roxana and Artystone.Atoosa later played an important role in Achaemenid royal family, as she married Dariush the Great and bore him the next Achaemenid king Xerxes I. She had great authority in Achaemenid royal house and her marriage with Dariush is suggested to be because of her power and that she was descendent of Cyrus. When she died all the nations of Cyrus' empire observed a great mourning. This is reported by Herodotus. According to a report in the chronicle of Nabonidus there was a public mourning after her death in Babylonia lasting for six days. (Wikipedia) - Cassandane

Cassandane (Ancient Greek: Κασσανδάνης Kassandanēs) was an Achaemenian Persian noblewoman and the "dearly loved" wife of Cyrus the Great. She was a daughter of Pharnaspes. She bore four children for Cyrus the Great (Cyrus II): Cambyses II who succeeded his father and conquered Egypt, Smerdis (Bardiya) who also reigned as the king of Persia for a short time, a daughter named Atossa who later wed Darius the Great (Darius I), and another daughter named Roxana.

Her daughter Atossa later played an important role in Achaemenid royal family, as she married Darius the Great and bore him the next Achaemenian king Xerxes I. Cassandane''s daughter, Atossa, had a "great authority" in the Achaemenian royal house and her marriage with Darius I is likely due to her power, influence and the fact that she was a direct descendent of Cyrus the Great (Cyrus II). When Cassandane died all the nations of Cyrus'' Persian empire observed "a great mourning". This is reported by Herodotus. According to a report in the chronicle of Nabonidus there was a public mourning after her death in Babylonia lasting for six days. According to a suggestion by M. Boyce, Cassandane''s tomb is located at Pasargadae.

Notes
  • ^ a b Dandamaev, M. A. (1992). "Cassandane". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Vol. 5. Encyclopaedia Iranica Foundation. ISBN 0-933273-67-3. 
  • ^ Schmitt, Rüdiger (1989). "Atossa". Encyclopaedia Iranica. vol. 3. Encyclopaedia Iranica Foundation. ISBN 0-7100-9121-4. 
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    Tags:Achaemenid, Achaemenid Empire, Atoosa, Babylonia, Bible, Border, Cambyses, Cassandane, Cyropaedia, Cyrus, Cyrus Cylinder, Cyrus the Great, Darius the Great, Dariush, Dariush the Great, Egypt, Greek, Herodotus, Iranian, Iranica, Nabonidus, Opis, Pasargadae, Persia, Persian, Quran, Roxana, Sardis, Smerdis, Wikipedia, Xerxes

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