Chehelsotoon

چهل ستون

ID:6354 Section:

Updated:Sunday 12th October 2014

Chehelsotoon Definition

Isfahan's Chehelsotoon Palace and garden, in an area over 67000 sq.m was built during Shah Abbas I reign. The palace in the middle of the garden has 20 columns which created a beautiful image in the pool in front that sums up to 40 (Forty means chehel in Persian, sotoun means column)Inside the palace, there are magnificient artworks, specially paintings showing famous people and events.See also : Qazvin Chehelsotoon (Wikipedia) - Chehel Sotoun   (Redirected from Chehelsotoon)

Coordinates: 32°39′27.12″N 51°40′20.69″E / 32.6575333°N 51.6724139°E / 32.6575333; 51.6724139

UNESCOWorld Heritage Site Persian gardens Type Criteria Reference UNESCO region Inscription history Inscription
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Cultural
i, ii, iii, iv, vi
1372
Asia and Australasia
2011 (35th Session)
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Chehel Sotoun (also Chihil Sutun or Chehel Sotoon; Persian: چهل ستون‎, literally: “Forty Columns”) is a pavilion in the middle of a park at the far end of a long pool, in Isfahan, Iran, built by Shah Abbas II to be used for his entertainment and receptions. In this palace, Shah Abbas II and his successors would receive dignitaries and ambassadors, either on the terrace or in one of the stately reception halls.

The name, meaning "Forty Columns" in Persian, was inspired by the twenty slender wooden columns supporting the entrance pavilion, which, when reflected in the waters of the fountain, are said to appear to be forty.

As with Ali Qapu, the palace contains many frescoes and paintings on ceramic. Many of the ceramic panels have been dispersed and are now in the possession of major museums in the west. They depict specific historical scenes such as a reception for an Uzbek King in 1646, when the palace had just been completed; the welcome extended to the Mughal Emperor, Humayun who took refuge in Iran in 1544; the battle of Taher-Abad in 1510 where the Safavid Shah Ismail I vanquished and killed the Uzbek King. A more recent painting depicts Nader Shah''s victory against the Indian Army at Karnal in 1739. There are also less historical, but even more aesthetic compositions in the traditional miniature style which celebrate the joy of life and love.

The Chehel Sotoun Palace is among the 9 Iranian Gardens which are collectively registered as one of the Iran’s 17 registered World Heritage Sites under the name of the Persian Garden.

Inside the museumGallery
  • As opposed to Ottoman and Mughal architecture which focuses on scale and grandeur, Safavid architecture is more subtle. View of Chehel-sotoon Palace.

  • Golden honeycomb shaped facade

  • Day view of the palace

  • Closer view of the palace

  • View of the park and pool from the palace

  • The Holy Qur''an in kufic script

  • Fresco inside the palace

  • 1840, by Pascal Coste

  • Fresco inside the palace

  • Fresco dome ceiling

Notes
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chehel Sotoun.
  • ^ Landor, Arnold Henry Savage (1902). Across Coveted Lands. London: MacMillan and Co., Limited. p. 323. 
  • ^ "Otraq.com, Iran''s Tourism Guide"
  • ^ Honarfar, Lotfollah (1966). A Treasure of the Historical Monuments of Isfahan; Honarfar L. Isfahan: Saghafi. 
  • External links
    • More Pictures, Tishineh

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    Tags:Abbasabad, Achaemenid, Amol, Architecture of Tehran, Armenian, Asia, Azeri, Bam, Bazaar, Biruni, Bukhara, Chehelsotoon, Chogha Zanbil, Ctesiphon, Derbent, Golestan, Gonbad-e Qabus, Herat, Iran, Iranian, Iranian architecture, Isfahan, Isfahani, Islamic, Iwan, Jameh Mosque of Isfahan, Karnal, Kashan, London, Mashhad, Merv, Monastery, Mughal, Nader Shah, Naqsh-e Jahan Square, Ottoman, Parsian, Parthian, Pasargadae, Persepolis, Persian, Persian Garden, Qabus, Qanat, Qazvin, Qazvin Chehelsotoon, Qom, Safavid, Safi, Samarkand, Sassanid, Shah, Shah Abbas, Shah Ismail, Sheikh, Sheikh Safi, Shiraz, Shushtar, Soltaniyeh, Susa, Tabriz, Tabriz Bazaar, Taher, Tehran, Treasure, UNESCO, Uzbek, Wikipedia, World Heritage, World Heritage Site, Yakhchal, Yazd

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