(Wikipedia) - Committee on the Rights of the Child
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The Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is a body of independent experts that monitors and reports on implementation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child by governments that ratify the Convention. The Committee also monitors implementation of the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (OP-AC) and the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography (OP-SC). Contents
History and organization
- 1 History and organization
- 1.1 Members
- 1.2 Periodic Report on the Holy See
- 2 See also
- 3 References
- 4 External links
The CRC is one of the eight UN human rights treaty bodies. The Committee was created by the Convention on 27 February 1991. The Committee is made up of 18 members from different countries and legal systems who are of ''high moral standing'' and experts in the field of human rights. Although members are nominated and elected by States party to the Convention, Committee members act in a personal capacity. They do not represent their countries'' governments or any other organization to which they might belong. Members are elected for a four-year term and can be re-elected if nominated.
The 193 states that have ratified the Convention ("States party to the Convention") (which includes all UN member states except Somalia, South Sudan and the United States) are required to submit initial and periodic reports on the national situation of children''s rights to the Committee for examination. The Committee examines each report and raises concerns or makes recommendations to the State party. It also issues occasional general comments on the interpretation of particular Convention obligations. Once a year, the Committee submits a report to the Third Committee of the United Nations General Assembly, which also hears a statement from the CRC Chair, and the Assembly adopts a Resolution on the Rights of the Child.
The Committee cannot consider individual complaints, although child rights may be raised before other committees with competence to consider individual complaints. However, at least the case of Gendhun Choekyi Nyima, 11th Panchen Lama, was considered by the Committee on 28 May 1996, as well as at other later dates. Members
The current members of the Committee on the Rights of the Child are listed on the Web site of the Office of the UN Commissioner for Human Rights. Information on former CRC members is linked from the same Web page. Periodic Report on the Holy See Main article: Concluding observations on the second periodic report of the Holy See
In February 2014 the Committee, after interviewing two top officials of the Catholic Church, published observations described as "a scathing indictment of the Vatican’s handling of child sexual abuse cases involving clerics, releasing a report that included criticism of church teachings on homosexuality, gender equality and abortion". The Holy See released a critical statement and said that it did not appreciate being asked to change its position on issues it considered immutable. Archbishop Silvano Tomasi, the Holy See''s permanent observer at the UN, said that he suspected pro-gay rights NGOs had influenced the committee and "reinforced an ideological line" in the UN. Advocates for the survivors of clerical sex abuse welcomed the committee''s findings.