Dara or Daras was an important Persian fortress city in northern Mesopotamia. The name Dara has been interchangeably used in Pahlavi texts with Dariush.Because of its great strategic importance, it featured prominently in the Roman-Persian conflicts of the 6th century, with the famous Battle of Dara taking place before its walls in 530. Today the Turkish village of Oğuz occupies its location.During the Anastasian War in 502–506, the Roman armies fared badly against the Sassanid Persians. According to the Syriac Chronicle of Zacharias of Mytilene, the Roman generals blamed their difficulties on the lack of a strong base in the area, as opposed to the Persians, who held the great city of Nisibis (which until its cession in 363 had served the same purpose for the Romans).Therefore, in 505, while the Persian King Kavadh I was distracted in the East, Emperor Anastasius I decided to re-build the village of Dara, only 18 kilometers westwards from Nisibis and just 5 km from the actual border with Persia, to be "a refuge for the army in which they might rest, and for the preparation of weapons, and to guard the country of the Arabs from the inroads of the Persians and Saracens". Masons and workers from all over Mesopotamia were gathered and worked with great haste. The new city was built on three hills, on the highest of which stood the citadel, and endowed with great storehouses, a public bath, and water cisterns. They put the name Anastasiopolis and became the seat of the Roman dux Mesopotamiae but the same Persian name has been used. Reconstruction by JustinianAccording to Procopius, the hasty construction of the original walls resulted in poor quality, and the severe weather conditions of the region exacerbated the problem, ruining some sections. Thus Emperor Justinian I was compelled to undertake extensive repairs to the city, afterwards renaming it Iustiniana Nova. The walls were rebuilt and the inner wall rose by a new storey, doubling its height to about 20 m. The towers were strengthened and raised to three stories high, and a moat dug out and filled with water.Justinian's engineers also diverted the nearby river Cordes towards the city by digging a canal. The river now flowed through the city, ensuring ample water supply. At the same time, by means of diverting its flow to an underground channel which exited 40 miles (64 km) to the north, the garrison was able to deny water to a besieging enemy, a fact which saved the city on several occasions. To avert the danger of flooding, which had already once wrecked large parts of the city, an elaborate arch dam was built to contain it, one of the earliest known of its kind. In addition, barracks were built for the garrison, and two new churches were constructed, the "Great Church", and one dedicated to St Bartholomew. Later historyThe city was later besieged and captured by the Persians in 573-574, but was returned to the Romans by Khosrau 2nd after the Roman-Persian treaty in 590. It was taken again by Khosrau Parviz in 604-05 after a nine-month siege, restored again to the Roman Empire by Heraclius, until it was finally captured in 639 by the Arabs. After this the city lost its military significance, declined and was eventually abandoned. (Wikipedia) - Dara For other uses, and for people named Dara, see Dara (disambiguation)
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Dara is a name with more than one origin;
Dara is a gotra (clan) of Jats found in India. Members of the Dara gotra are mainly in Rajasthan(Majority), Haryana,in India. Contents
- 1 Religion
- 2 Languages
- 3 Places
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- It is found in the Bible''s Old Testament Books of Chronicles. Dara was a biblical descendant of Judah known for his wisdom. (The Bible. 1 Chronicles 2:6).
- In Urdu, Dara is Darius.
- In Khmer, Thai and Lao, Dara is a male or female name meaning "star".
- In Hebrew Dara means compassion or pearl of wisdom.
- In Turkish and in Punjabi, Dara means "leader".
- In Persian Dara (Persian: دارا) means "wealthy" and is a boy''s name. Dara means "Prosperous" or "Wealthy" in Persian. It is also the name of a male doll, and Dara and Sara are sold as "Iran''s Islamic alternative to Ken and Barbie".
- In the Swahili version Dara means "the beautiful one".
- In Irish Dara means "oak". Dara is also frequently used in Ireland (and the United States), as either a male or a female given name, and it also occurs as a surname. The spelling varies, with variations including Daire and Darragh. The Irish form is probably derived from doire, the Irish word for "oak tree", though as a surname it may be a version of the Irish name Mac Dubhdara. In Irish and Scottish Gaelic, dara means "second". It is also used in Scotland as an abbreviation for "Dragon Killer."
- But in Indonesian, Dara means "girl", "young woman", or "virgin".
- Dara is a female name in Bulgaria and Macedonia. Its meaning directly derives from "dar", which means "gift" both in Bulgarian and Macedonian. This name stems from the more common male name Bojidar (or Bozhidar), and its female version Bojidara (or Bozhidara), both meaning "Gift of God".
- Dara is also a short form of Oluwadarasimi or Oluwadara, which in Yoruba means "God is good". The name is used for both boys and girls.
- In the United States Dara can be a male or female given name.
- Dara, Mesopotamia was a Byzantine fortress town in modern Mardin Province, Turkey.
- Dara is a variant spelling of Daraa, Syria.
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