Dasht-e Lut

دشت لوت


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ID:18811 Section: Mother Earth

Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Dasht-e Lut Definition

(Wikipedia) - Dasht-e Lut Dasht-e LutLocation within IranPlay mediaUniversity of Montana scientists found Iran''s Lut Desert reached the hottest temperature of anywhere on Earth between 2003 and 2009.As seen from spaceMap of biotopes of Iran   Forest steppe   Forests and woodlands   Semi-desert   Desert lowlands   Steppe   Salted alluvial marshes

Dasht-e Lut (Persian: کویر لوت‎, "Emptiness Desert"), also spelled Dasht-i-Lut and known as the Lut Desert, is a large salt desert in southeastern Kerman Iran and is the world''s 25th largest desert. The surface of the sand there has been measured at temperatures as high as 70.7°C (159°F), and it is one of the world''s driest and hottest places.

Contents
  • 1 Description
  • 2 Hottest land surface
  • 3 See also
  • 4 Further reading
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

DescriptionYardangs in Lut Desert, Kerman Province, Iran.

Iran is climatically part of the Afro-Asian belt of deserts, which stretches from the Cape Verde islands off West Africa all the way to Mongolia near Beijing, China. The patchy, elongated, light-colored feature in the foreground (parallel to the mountain range) is the northernmost of the Dasht dry lakes that stretch southward 300 kilometers (190 mi). In near-tropical deserts, elevated areas capture most precipitation. As a result, the desert is largely an abiotic zone.

Iran''s geography consists of a plateau surrounded by mountains and divided into drainage basins. Dasht-e Lut is one of the largest of these desert basins, 480 kilometers (300 mi) long and 320 kilometers (200 mi) wide, and is considered to be one of the driest places on Earth.

Area of the desert is about 51,800 square kilometres (20,000 sq mi). The other large basin is the Dasht-e Kavir. During the spring wet season, water briefly flows down from the Kerman mountains, but it soon dries up, leaving behind only rocks, sand, and salt.

The eastern part of Dasht-e Lut is a low plateau covered with salt flats. In contrast, the center has been sculpted by the wind into a series of parallel ridges and furrows, extending over 150 km (93 mi) and reaching 75 metres (246 ft) in height. This area is also riddled with ravines and sinkholes. The southeast is a vast expanse of sand, like a Saharan erg, with dunes 300 metres (980 ft) high, among the tallest in the world.

Hottest land surface

Measurements of MODIS (Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) installed on NASA''s satellite "Aqua" from 2003 to 2010 testify that the hottest land surface on Earth is located in Dasht-e Lut and land surface temperatures reach here 70.7 °C (159.3 °F), though the air temperature is cooler. Precision of measurements is 0.5 K to 1 K.

The hottest part of Dasht-e Lut is Gandom Beryan, a large plateau covered in dark lava, approximately 480 square kilometres (190 sq mi) in area. According to a local legend, the name (in translation from Persian — "Toasted wheat") originates from an accident where a load of wheat was left in the desert which was then scorched by the heat in a few days.

Tags:Africa, Beijing, Cape Verde, China, Dasht-e Kavir, Dasht-e Lut, Earth, Iran, Kerman, Lut Desert, Mongolia, NASA, Persian, Wikipedia

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