An ancient unit of currency (Wikipedia) - Dinar For other uses, see Dinar (disambiguation).Nations in dark green currently use the dinar. Nations in light green previously used the dinar. Yugoslavian states are inset to the lower left.
The dinar or denar is a main currency unit in modern circulation in nine mostly-Islamic countries, and has historic use in several more.
The history of the dinar dates to the gold dinar, an early Islamic coin corresponding to the Byzantine denarius auri. The modern gold dinar is a modern bullion gold coin. Contents
EtymologySerbian silver Dinar during the reign of Stephen Uroš I of Serbia in the 13th century
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Legal tender
- 2.1 Countries currently using a currency called "dinar" or similar
- 2.2 Countries and regions which have previously used a currency called "dinar"
- 3 See also
- 4 References
The word "dinar" in English is the transliteration of the Arabic دينار (dīnār), which in turn was borrowed from the Greek δηνάριον (dénarion), itself from the Latin dēnārius (q.v.). Legal tender100 Serbian dinars bearing the likeness of Nikola Tesla.Countries currently using a currency called "dinar" or similar Countries and regions which have previously used a currency called "dinar"A mancus or gold dinar of the English king Offa of Mercia (757–796), a copy of the dinars of the Abbasid Caliphate (774). It combines the Latin legend OFFA REX with Arabic legends. (British Museum)
Countries Currency ISO 4217 code Used Replaced by
| Bosnia and Herzegovina ||Bosnia and Herzegovina dinar ||BAD ||1992–1998 ||Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark |
| Croatia ||Croatian dinar ||HRD ||1991–1994 ||Croatian kuna |
| Iran ||Iranian rial was divided into at first 1250 and then 100 dinars |
| Republika Srpska ||Republika Srpska dinar ||n/a ||1992–1998 ||Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark |
| South Yemen ||South Yemeni dinar ||YDD ||1965–1990 ||Yemeni rial |
| Sudan ||Sudanese dinar ||SDD ||1992–2007 ||Sudanese pound |
| Kingdom of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia FR Yugoslavia ||Yugoslav dinar ||YUD (1965–1989) YUN (1990–1992) YUR (1992–1993) YUO (1993) YUG (1994) YUM (1994–2003) ||1918–2003 ||n/a |
The 8th century English king Offa of Mercia minted copies of Abbasid dinars struck in 774 by Caliph Al-Mansur with "Offa Rex" centered on the reverse. The moneyer visibly had no understanding of Arabic as the Arabic text contains many errors. Such coins may have been produced for trade with Islamic Spain.
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