ID:13192 Section: Place

Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Eyl Definition

Eyl is an ancient town in the northern Puntland region of Somalia. It is situated near the Hafun peninsula.In the late 2000s, Eyl became a pirate haven, with more than a dozen ships being held captive by pirate crews. However, by 2010, intensive security operations by Puntland military forces reportedly managed to force out the pirate gangs from their traditional safe havens in the hamlet as well as adjacent settlements, with the pirates now primarily operating from a few towns in the neighboring Galmudug region. (Wikipedia) - Eyl Eyl Country Region District Government  • Mayor Population  • Total Time zone
View of Eyl from above.
EylLocation in Somalia.
Coordinates: 7°58′00″N 49°51′00″E / 7.96667°N 49.85000°E / 7.96667; 49.85000Coordinates: 7°58′00″N 49°51′00″E / 7.96667°N 49.85000°E / 7.96667; 49.85000


  •  Puntland
Muse Osman Yusef

Eyl is an ancient town in the northern Nugal province of Somalia. Situated near the Hafun peninsula in the autonomous Puntland macro-region, it is the center of the Eyl District.

  • 1 History
  • 2 Municipality
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Services
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Economy
  • 7 Media
  • 8 Transportation
  • 9 Notable residents
  • 10 Notes
  • 11 References

History Main article: Somali aristocratic and court titles

Eyl is the site of many historical artifacts and structures. Along with a rock shelter in the southern town of Buur Heybe, it is the seat of the first professional archaeological excavation in the country.

Mohammed Abdullah Hassan''s historic Daarta Sayyidka Dervish fort in Eyl.

At the turn of the twentieth century, the city served as a bastion for the Dervish forces of Sayyid Mohammed Abdullah Hassan ("Mad Mullah"). Several forts remain from this period, in addition to colonial edifices built by the Italians.

Following the outbreak of the civil war in the early 1990s, foreign trawlers began to illegally fish in the unpatrolled waters off of Eyl''s coastline. Piracy subsequently emerged, as fishermen banded together to protect their livelihood. However, by 2010, intensive security operations by Puntland military forces coupled with community-led initiatives managed to force out the pirates from their operating centers in the hamlet as well as adjacent settlements.

In March 2012, the Puntland Maritime Police Force (PMPF) dispatched a unit of officers and support elements to Eyl at the request of the municipal authorities. The move was intended to ensure permanent security in the area and to support the local administration. To this end, PMPF soldiers are expected to establish a Forward Operating Base (FOB) in the town earmarked for counter-piracy activities, to begin construction of a logistics airstrip, and to engage in water-drilling.


Town affairs are managed by the Eyl Municipality. As of March 2012, the city authority is led by Mayor Muse Osman Yusef.


Eyl has a population of around 21,700 inhabitants. The broader Eyl District has a total population of 32,345 residents.


As of 2012, the town has one general hospital serving residents. Plans are underway to expand delivery. In April 2012, community leaders and civil society representatives met with Italian Ambassador to Somalia, Andrea Mazzella, to discuss strategies for ameliorating local health and education services.


Eyl has a number of academic institutions. According to the Puntland Ministry of Education, there are 13 primary schools in the Eyl District. Among these are Qarxis Primary, Horsed, Kabal and Xasbahal. Secondary schools in the area include Eyl Secondary.


Prior to the start of the civil war, Eyl was one of the chief fishing hubs in Somalia. Tuna, lobster, and other high value marine stock were harvested locally for the domestic and international seafood markets. The Puntland authorities have since endeavoured to work with the townspeople to rebuild the industry and normalize trade.

As of 2012, several new development projects are slated to be carried out in the town, with the Italian government pledging to support them.

In September 2013, Puntland Minister of Fisheries Mohamed Farah Adan also announced that the Puntland government plans to open two new marine training schools in Eyl and Bandar Siyada (Qaw), another northeastern coastal town. The institutes are intended to buttress the regional fisheries industry and enhance the skill set of the Ministry''s personnel and local fishermen.


Media outlets serving Eyl include the Garowe-based Radio Garowe, the sister outlet to Garowe Online. The broadcaster launched a new local FM station in March 2012.


In 2012, the Puntland Highway Authority (PHA) announced a project to connect Eyl and other littoral towns in Puntland to the main regional highway. The 750 km thoroughfare links major cities in the northern part of Somalia, such as Bosaso, Galkayo and Garowe, with towns in the south. In May 2014, Puntland Vice President Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar arrived in Eyl to inaugurate a newly completed 27 km paved road between the town and adjacent hamlets.

For air transportation, Eyl is served by the Eyl Airport.

Notable residents
  • Abdirahman Mohamud Farole – former President of Puntland
  • Abdulqawi Yusuf – international lawyer and judge with the International Court of Justice
  • ^ Peter Robertshaw, A History of African archaeology, (J. Currey: 1990), p.103.
  • ^ a b c d "Somalia: Italy Ambassador Visits Former Pirate Hub Eyl". Garowe Online. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  • ^ Ronalds-Hannon, Eliza. "Behind The Demise Of Somali Pirates". Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  • ^ "Somalia: Nugaal governor reach Eyl, meets residents". Garowe Online. 3 April 2010. Retrieved 9 January 2013. 
  • ^ a b c Puntland Marine Police Force Enters Eyl
  • ^ "Somalia City & Town Population". Tageo. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  • ^ "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)". UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  • ^ "Puntland - Primary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  • ^ "Puntland - Secondary schools". Ministry of Education of Puntland. Retrieved 26 May 2013. 
  • ^ "Somalia: Puntland to open maritime training schools". Garowe Online. 10 September 2013. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  • ^ "Somalia: Radio Garowe launches new FM station in Bossaso". Garowe Online. 24 May 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  • ^ "Puntland to upgrade Bosaso-Garowe highway". Sabahi. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  • ^ The First 100 Days in Office
  • ^ "Somalia: Puntland VP visits Eyl Coastal Town". Garowe Online. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2014. 
  • ^ "Eil (HCM) Somalia". World-Airport-Codes. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  • Tags:African, Demographics, Eyl, Galmudug, Haji, International Court of Justice, Italian, Italy, Maritime, Media, Ministry of Education, Mullah, President, Puntland, Radio, Sayyid, Somalia, UNDP, Wikipedia

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