Greenland

گرینلند

ID:18782 Section: Place

Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Greenland Definition

(Wikipedia) - Greenland For other uses, see Greenland (disambiguation). Greenland Kalaallit Nunaat Official languages Other languages Demonym Government Legislature Autonomy within the Kingdom of Denmark Area Population Currency Time zone Drives on the Calling code ISO 3166 code Internet TLD
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Nunarput utoqqarsuanngoravit  (Kalaallisut)
Capital and largest city  Nuuk 64°10′N 51°44′W / 64.167°N 51.733°W / 64.167; -51.733
Greenlandic (Kalaallisut)
Danish
Ethnic groups
  • 89% Greenlandic Inuit (and European mixed)
  • 11% Europeans
  • Greenlander
  • Greenlandic
Sovereign state  Kingdom of Denmark
Parliamentary democracy within a constitutional monarchy
 -  Queen Margrethe II
 -  High Commissioner Mikaela Engell
 -  Prime Minister Aleqa Hammond
 -  Speaker of the Inatsisartut Lars Emil Johansen
Inatsisartut
 -  Norwegian sovereignty 1261 
 -  Contact re-established 1721 
 -  Ceded to Denmark 14 January 1814 
 -  Amt status 5 June 1953 
 -  Home rule 1 May 1979 
 -  Further autonomy and self rule 21 June 2009 
 -  Total 2,166,086 km2 (12th) 836,109 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 83.1
 -  2013 estimate 56,968 (31 Mar 2014)
 -  Density 0.026/km2 (244th) 0.069/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total 11.59 billion kr. (n/a)
 -  Per capita 37,009.047 USD (n/a)
Danish krone (DKK)
(UTC+0 to −4)
right
+299
GL
.gl
a. ^ Greenlandic has been the sole official language of Greenland since 2009.
b. ^ Danish monarchy reached Greenland in 1380 with the reign of Olav IV in Norway.
c. ^ Although previously under Danish monarchy for four hundred years, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, and Iceland were formally Norwegian possessions until 1814.
d. ^ As of 2000: 410,449 km2 (158,475 sq mi) ice-free; 1,755,637 km2 (677,855 sq mi) ice-covered. Density: 0.14/km2 (0.36 /sq. mi) for ice-free areas.

Greenland (Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat ) is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark, located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans, east of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Though physiographically a part of the continent of North America, Greenland has been politically and culturally associated with Europe (specifically Norway and later Denmark) for more than a millennium. In 2008, the people of Greenland passed a referendum supporting greater autonomy; 75% of votes cast were in favour. Greenland is, in area, the world''s largest island, over three-quarters of which is covered by the only contemporary ice sheet outside of Antarctica. With a population of 56,370 (2013), it is the least densely populated country in the world.

Greenland has been inhabited off and on for at least the last 4,500 years by Arctic peoples whose forebears migrated there from what is now Canada. Norsemen settled the uninhabited southern part of Greenland, beginning in the 10th century, and Inuit peoples arrived in the 13th century. The Norse colonies disappeared in the late 15th century. In the early 18th century, Scandinavia and Greenland came back into contact with each other, and Denmark established sovereignty over the island.

Having been claimed by Denmark–Norway for centuries, Greenland (Danish: Grønland) became a Danish colony in 1814, and a part of the Danish Realm in 1953 under the Constitution of Denmark. In 1973, Greenland joined the European Economic Community with Denmark. However, in a referendum in 1983, a majority of the population voted for Greenland to withdraw from the EEC, and this was put into effect when Greenland left the EEC in 1985. In 1979, Denmark had granted home rule to Greenland, and in 2008, Greenlanders voted in favour of the Self-Government Act, which transferred more power from the Danish royal government to the local Greenlandic government. Under the new structure, in effect since 21 June 2009, Greenland can gradually assume responsibility for policing, judicial system, company law, accounting, and auditing; mineral resource activities; aviation; law of legal capacity, family law and succession law; aliens and border controls; the working environment; and financial regulation and supervision, while the Danish government retains control of foreign affairs and defence. It also retains control of monetary policy, providing an initial annual subsidy of DKK 3.4 billion, planned to diminish gradually over time as Greenland''s economy is strengthened by increased income from the extraction of natural resources.

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