Hassan Habibi

حسن حبیبی

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Updated:Tuesday 14th October 2014

Hassan Habibi Definition

(Wikipedia) - Hassan Habibi This article is about the politician. For the footballer, see Hassan Habibi (footballer). Hassan Ebrahim Habibi حسن ابراهیم حبیبی First Vice President of IranPresident Succeeded by Minister of Justice President Prime Minister Preceded by Succeeded by Minister of Science President Prime Minister Preceded by Succeeded by Minister of Culture Prime Minister Preceded by Succeeded by Personal details Born Died Political party Other political affiliations Spouse(s) Religion
In office 1 September 1989 – 11 September 2001
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani Mohammad Khatami
Mohammad-Reza Aref
In office 9 March 1985 – 1 September 1989
Ali Khamenei
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Mohammad Asghari
Esmail Shooshtari
In office 6 October 1979 – 29 October 1981
Abulhassan Banisadr Mohammad-Ali Rajai
Mohammad-Ali Rajai Mohammad-Javad Bahonar Mahdavi Kani (Acting)
Ali Shariatmadari
Hassan Arefi
In office 1 October 1979 – 6 November 1979
Mehdi Bazargan
Abbas Dozdozani
Nasser Minachi
(1937-01-29)29 January 1937 Tehran, Iran
31 January 2013(2013-01-31) (aged 76) Tehran, Iran
Executives of Construction Party (1993-2013)
Islamic Republican Party (1979-1987) Freedom Movement (1966-1979)
Shafigheh Rahideh

Hassan Ebrahim Habibi (29 January 1937 – 31 January 2013) was an Iranian politician, lawyer, scholar and the head of Academy of Persian Language and Literature (from 11 October 2004 to his death in 2013). He was also a member of the High Council of Cultural Revolution. Habibi was the first vice president of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

  • 1 Early life and education
  • 2 Career
  • 3 Death
  • 4 Work
  • 5 References

Early life and education

Habibi was born on 29 January 1937. He studied sociology in France. He held a PhD in law and sociology. When he was a university student he visited Khomeini while the latter was in exile.


Habibi was tasked by Ayatollah Khomenei to draft the prospective constitution of Iran when the latter was in exile in Paris. His version was heavily modified due to criticisms and the final text was approved by the election in November 1979.

Following the Iranian revolution, Habibi was named public spokesman for the revolutionary council. He was among the main architects of the first draft of Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, which was later passed for more discussion to an elected Assembly of Experts for Constitution. The assembly made significant changes in the original draft, e.g. by introducing the new position of "leader of the Islamic Republic" based on Khomeini''s concept of Guardianship of the Islamic Jurists, which gave almost unlimited power to the clergy. The modified version was approved in a popular referendum in 1979. In the 1980 presidential election, Habibi run for office, but received only ten percent of the vote against Banisadr''s seventy percent. Habibi was backed by Mohammad Beheshti in the election process. In the same year he won a parliamentary seat, being a representative of the Islamic Republican Party.

Habibi served as the minister of justice under Prime Minister Mousavi. He was first vice president of Iran from 1989 to 2001, eight years under President Rafsanjani and then four years under President Khatami. He was replaced by Mohammad Reza Aref in the post in Khatami''s second term. He was also head of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature and a member of the Expediency Council.


Habibi died on 31 January 2013. He was buried at the mausoleum of Imam Khomeini in Tehran on 1 February. The funeral service was attended by leading Iranian political figures, including former President Ahmedinejad.


Habibi is the author of several books, including God (1981), Society, Culture, Politics (1984), Islam and the Crisis of Our Time (1984), In the Mirror Of Rights: Views Of International Rights, Comparative Rights And Sociology (1988), Seeking the Roots (editing & translation) (1994), Casework of An Ages Student (1997), One Word Out Of Thousands (2 vol.) (1998-2001) and General International Rights (2 vol.) (2003).

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