Howard Baskerville

هوارد بسکرویل

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Updated: Saturday 11th October 2014

Howard Baskerville Definition

Howard Conklin Baskerville (Apr,10, 1885 - Apr,19, 1909) referred to as the "American Lafayette in Iran" was an American teacher in the Presbyterian mission school in Tabriz, Iran. (Wikipedia) - Howard Baskerville Born Died Nationality
Howard Baskerville, an Iranian hero from America
Howard Conklin Baskerville 10 April 1885 North Platte, Nebraska, United States
19 April 1909(1909-04-19) (aged 24) Tabriz, East Azerbaijan, Iran

Howard Conklin Baskerville (10 April 1885 – 19 April 1909) was an American teacher in the American Memorial School in Tabriz (a Presbyterian mission school in Tabriz, Iran) who was killed fighting for Iranian democracy during the Constitution Revolution. He has been called the "American Lafayette in Iran." (J. Lorentz)

  • 1 Life and death
  • 2 Modern Days Tributes
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 Further reading
  • 6 External links

Life and death

Baskerville was born in North Platte, Nebraska, and was raised in the Black Hills. Both his father and grandfather were Presbyterian ministers. He graduated in 1907 from Princeton University, where in addition to studying religion and boxing, he took two courses with Woodrow Wilson (Jurisprudence and Constitutional Government).

The U.S. flag flies over the U.S. consulate near Arg e Tabriz, Iran, during Iran''s Constitutionalist Revolution.

In the fall of 1907 Baskerville came to Iran as a missionary. He took a position in the American Memorial School, a missionary school, in Tabriz. There he taught English, history, and geometry to mixed classes of boys and girls, and also served as tennis coach and riding instructor. He directed a student production of The Merchant of Venice.

In the spring of 1909, during the Constitutional Revolution of Iran, he decided to raise a volunteer force to defend constitutional democracy. Despite attempts to discourage him by the American consul in Tabriz, Edward Doty, he led about a hundred volunteers attempting to help defend the besieged city against Qajar royalist troops fighting for Mohammad Ali Shah. Baskerville was shot and killed by a sniper while leading a group of student soldiers to break the siege. He was 24 years old.

He has been quoted as saying, "The only difference between me and these people is my place of birth, and this is not a big difference." Baskerville''s funeral was attended by thousands, where he was eulogized by Iranian patriots. He was buried in the Christian Armenian cemetery in Tabriz. Tabriz fell to the besiegers five days after Baskerville''s death.

The day after his death thousands of Tabrizis participate in his funeral, and he buried in Christian cemetery of Tabriz. In a speech by in funeral ceremony Hassan Taqizadeh describe him as:

"Young America, in the person of young Baskerville, gave this sacrifice to the young Constitution of Iran,..."

An Azerbaijani carpet with his picture woven on it was made by the carpet weavers of Tabriz and meant to be sent to Baskerville''s mother in America (but was never sent) in recognition of his courage and sacrifice.

Modern Days TributesBaskerville bust at the museum of the Constitution House of TabrizBaskerville picture woven on it was made by the carpet weavers of Tabriz Constitution House of Tabriz

Many Iranian nationalists revere Baskerville. Schools and streets in Iran have been named for him. People visit his grave freely. A "mysterious admirer" is reported "regularly" to place "yellow roses" on his grave.

There is a bust of him in Tabriz''s Constitution House bearing the legend "Howard C. Baskerville— Patriot and Maker of History."

Tags:American, American Memorial School in Tabriz, Arg, Armenian, Azerbaijan, Christian, Constitution, Constitution House of Tabriz, Constitutional Revolution, Constitutionalist, East Azerbaijan, Howard Baskerville, Iran, Iranian, Life, Mohammad Ali Shah, Presbyterian, Princeton, Princeton University, Qajar, Revolution, Shah, Tabriz, United States, Wikipedia

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