Hystaspes

ویشت اسپه

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Updated:Saturday 11th October 2014

Hystaspes Definition

Vishtaspa, the son of Aurvat-aspa, was the king of a country that has been identified with Chorasmia and Aria. According to Avesta, Vishtaspa offered asylum to Zarathustra when the latter was hunted down by his opponents. Later, the king organized a debate between the two parties; when Zarathustra had proved that his doctrines were superior, Vishtaspa became an adherent of the new religion. One of the Yashts, Avestan hymns to lower deities, is said to have been written by Vishtaspa, but this is almost certainly untrue. In the first centuries CE, a book of Oracles of Hystaspes was very popular in the Roman Empire; it was probably written by a Magian who used Avesta and elements from the Persian folk lore, and describes the end of the world.Vishtaspa is also Hystaspes, the father of the Persian king Dariush I the Great. Hystaspes' birth year can be deduced from the fact that his son Dariush was born c.550 BCE; Thus Hystaspes must have been born before c.565 CE. According to the Greek researcher Herodotus, he had several other sons (Artabanus, Artaphernes and Artanes) and at least two daughters, who were married to Gobryas and Otanes, Persian noblemen. (Wikipedia) - Hystaspes

Vishtaspa, Hellenized as Hystaspes (Ὑστάσπης), may refer to:

  • Vishtaspa (fl. 10th century BCE or earlier, if actually historical), the first patron of Zoroaster
  • Hystaspes (father of Darius I) (fl. 550 BCE), satrap of Bactria and possibly also of Fārs, and father of Darius the Great
  • Hystaspes (son of Darius I) (fl. ca. 480 BCE), son of Darius the Great
  • Hystaspes (son of Xerxes I) (fl. ca. 460 BCE), son of Xerxes I of Persia
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Tags:Aria, Artabanus, Artaphernes, Avesta, Bactria, Darius I, Darius the Great, Dariush, Dariush I, Gobryas, Greek, Herodotus, Hystaspes, Magian, Otanes, Persia, Persian, Roman, Wikipedia, Xerxes, Zarathustra, Zoroaster

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