Iranian Football League

لیگ فوتبال ایران

ID:11090 Section:

Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Iranian Football League Definition

(Wikipedia) - Iranian Football League


History Local League Season Winner
1970–71 Taj
1971–72 Persepolis
Main article: Iranian football champions Pre-1970s

Before the early 1970s Iran did not have an official national league. Most teams would participate in city championships. Taj1 and Persepolis2 had become the two most popular teams in the mid 60s and continue to be in the present. Pas Tehran, Shahin, Taj, Daraei F.C., all won championships in the Tehran local league, during this period.

Takht Jamshid Cup champions Season Winner
1973–74 Persepolis
1974–75 Taj
1975–76 Persepolis
1976–77 Pas Tehran
1977–78 Pas Tehran
Takht Jamshid Cup Main article: Takht Jamshid Cup

In 1972, the Takht Jamshid Cup was created. It was designed to include teams from all over the country, but as usual teams from Tehran dominated, mostly Pas Tehran And Persepolis F.C. winning the final two. The league was in place until the Iranian Revolution took place, and the 1978 season was left uncompleted.

1980s Qods League Season Winner
1989–90 Esteghlal

Due to the revolution and the Iran–Iraq War, football was no longer a priority. Clubs had very little money and due to political reasons team names, management and resources were changed. There was no major league competition during the 1980-89 period, only a few cup competitions and some local city league championships such as the 17th of Shahrivar league and the Qods Cup.In 1985, the Qods League was created which was played among province teams (e.g. Tehran, Esfehan, Azarbaijan Sharghi, etc.). Tehran had two teams (Tehran A and Tehran B). Tehran A won Qods league in 1985 and 1988, whereas Esfahan won it in 1986 and 1987. The most important competition in 80''s is Tehran Clubs Cup (league).Persepolis F.C. has most championships in that cup.

Azadegan League champions Season Winner
1991–92 Pas Tehran
1992–93 Pas Tehran
1993–94 Saipa
1994–95 Saipa
1995–96 Persepolis
1996–97 Persepolis
1997–98 Esteghlal
1998–99 Persepolis
1999-2000 Persepolis
2000–01 Esteghlal

In 1989 and after the end of war, it was decided to change Qods league format so that it was played among clubs rather than provinces. Thus the fifth Qods league, which was the last one, was played among 22 teams, in two groups of 11. This was the first National league after revolution. Esteghlal won this league (89-90) by beating Perspolis 2-1 in the final match. Esteghlal also won the last Tehran league in which Perspolis and Esteghlal played in 91-92 season. Since then, Esteghlal and Perspolis have only played in the national league, and not in the Tehran league.

Azadegan League

In 1991 the Qods league was renamed the Azadegan League. Named the Azadegan League in honor of Iranian prisoners of war who were released, it began operations in the 1991-92 season. Pas Tehran was its first champion. For the first time in more than ten years Iran finally had a national league again. The number of teams playing in the league varied from year to year. Pas Tehran and Saipa dominated the league in the first four years. Pas Tehran and Esteghlal both were able to capture Asian Club Championships in the early 1990s And Persepolis F.C. celebrates his championship in Asian Cup Winners Cup. By the mid-90s Persepolis and Esteghlal regained their dominant form. The league championship every year between 1995-2001 was either Esteghlal or Persepolis. The two clubs always had the most talented players in Iran, the national team consisted mainly of Persepolis and Esteghlal players, and some of the greatest talents Iranian football has seen were discovered during this period. In those years Persepolis captured 4 championships and esteghlal could only capture two.

Iran Pro League Main article: Iran Pro League Pro League champions Season Winner
2001–02 Persepolis
2002–03 Sepahan
2003–04 Pas Tehran
2004–05 Foolad
2005–06 Esteghlal
2006–07 Saipa
2007–08 Persepolis
2008–09 Esteghlal
2009–10 Sepahan
2010–11 Sepahan
2011–12 Sepahan
2012–13 Esteghlal
2013–14 Foolad
Further information: Iranian football champions

The 2001-2002 season saw the beginning of the first professional football league in Iran. Unfortunately many say that the new league is professional in name only and is missing many of the required components of a pro league. Player salaries have risen significantly and other positives in the league are the emergence of provincial teams and raw talent which every IPL team boasts. Teams like Foolad Sepahan, Foolad Khouzestan, Zob Ahan FC and Esteghlal Ahvaz have all shown they can compete, even though they are not based in Tehran. The league can only continue to get better, and many are hoping this league will help Iran''s football, in terms of improving quality and reputation.

Persian Gulf Cup

On 12 August 2006, the Iranian Football Federation decided to change the name of the league once again. The name of the league now is the Persian Gulf Cup. This was done to promote the name of the Persian Gulf, instead of the many variations which some nations and organizations use which Iran claims are incorrect. The league logo was also changed, with the winner being selected from over 130 designs and unveiled on 14 November 2006. They continued to get better steady and slowly which made many people criticize that the league is sometimes stepping backwards. Saipa was the 6th team to win the 6th new edition of the league which meant 6 different teams won 6 leagues in the row. But in 2008 Persepolis regained the title after 6 years by the dramatic win again the rival Sepahan on the 96th minute of the final match and become the first team that won two titles in the new edition of the Iranian League. The next season Esteghlal did the same thing and won the league for second time on the final matchday. Then, Sepahan dominated the league by wining the title in three consecutive seasons. currently, Sepahan has won the most titles of Iran Pro League with four victories.

Notes 1. Taj changed its name to Esteghlal in 1979. 2. Shahin changed its name to Persepolis in 1968, which in turn changed to Piroozi in 1986; but the ''old'' name Persepolis is still used in preference to Piroozi in Iran. 3. Azadegan League is now the name of the 2nd highest division in Iran, only the IPL is higher.

Total Championships

The number of national championships that clubs in Iran have attained. (Since 1973)

Club Winner Runner Up
Persepolis 9 8
Esteghlal 8 8
Pas Tehran 5 5
Sepahan 4 2
Saipa 3 0
Foolad 2 0
Zob Ahan 0 3
Tractor Sazi 0 2
Bahman 0 2
Homa 0 1
Esteghlal Ahvaz 0 1
All-time League top scorers

last update: 30 August 2014

No. Player Goals Years
1 Reza Enayati 131 2001-2006, 2009–Present
2 Arash Borhani 112 2002-2006, 2007–Present
3 Mehdi Rajabzadeh 91 2001-2007, 2009–Present
4 Fereydoon Fazli 85 2001-2002, 2003-2010
5 Edmond Bezik 84 1994-2006
6 Ali Asghar Modirroosta 80 1991-2003
7 Karim Ansarifard 76 2007–Present
8 Ali Daei 72 1994-1996, 2003-2007
9 Emad Mohammed 70 2005–2012
10 Rasoul Khatibi 68 1997-1999, 2000-2006, 2009–2010
Jalal Rafkhaei 68 2005 to present
12 Reza Sahebi 67 1989-2003
Reza Norouzi 67 2007 to present
14 Siavash Akbarpour 65 2004-2007, 2008–2014
15 Gholam Hossein Mazloumi 63 1971-1979
16 Mohammad Gholami 62 2001 to present
17 Mohsen Garousi 61 1989-2002
Mohsen Bayatinia 61 2001 to 2014
18 Ibrahima Touré 60 2007-2011
19 Behnam Seraj 59 1996-2004
Faraz Fatemi 59 1997-1999, 2000–2011
Edinho 59 2007 to present
22 Aziz Espandar 58 1971-1979
Mohammad Momeni 58 1989-2003
Hossein Khatibi 58 1991-2000
Iman Razaghirad 58 2001-2013
25 Alireza Vahedi Nikbakht 55 1998–2014
26 Hadi Asqari 52 2005–2010
Farshad Pious 52 1989-1997
Bahman Tahmasebi 52 1999-2005, 2006–2011
29 Samad Marfavi 51 1989-1998
Ali Samereh 51 1999-2005, 2009–2012
31 Davoud Haghi 50 2003–2014
Includes when Azadegan League and Takht Jamshid Cup were Top Division

Players in bold are still active in the league.

Tags:1968, Ahvaz, Ali Daei, Azadegan, Azadegan League, Azarbaijan, Bahman, Daei, Edmond Bezik, Esfahan, Esteghlal, Fatemi, Football Federation, Homa, IPL, Iran, Iran Pro League, Iranian, Iranian Revolution, Iran–Iraq War, Iraq, Jamshid, Mehdi, Persepolis, Persepolis F.C, Persian, Persian Gulf, Perspolis, Qods, Revolution, Reza Enayati, Sepahan, Shahrivar, Siavash, Tehran, Wikipedia, Zob Ahan

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