(Wikipedia) - Islamic Republican Party
The Islamic Republican Party (Persian: حزب جمهوری اسلامی), or IRP, was a political party in Iran, formed in mid-1979 to assist the Iranian Revolution and Ayatollah Khomeini establish theocracy in Iran. It was disbanded in May 1987 due to internal conflicts. Contents
Founders and characteristics
- 1 Founders and characteristics
- 2 Causes of its dissolution
- 3 Party leaders
- 4 References
- 5 Further reading
- 6 External links
The party was formed just two weeks following the revolution upon the request of Ayatollah Khomeini. Five cofounders of the party were Mohammad Javad Bahonar, Mohammad Beheshti, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Ali Khamenei, and Abdolkarim Mousavi-Ardabili. Early members of the central committee of the party, in addition to founding members, were Hassan Ayat, Asadollah Badamchiyan, Abdullah Jasbi, Mir Hossein Mousavi, Habibollah Askar Oladi, Sayyed Mahmoud Kashani, Mahdi Araghi and Ali Derakhshan. The party had three general secretaries: Beheshti, Bahonar and Khamenei.
The party has been said to be distinguished by "its strong clerical component, its loyalty to Khomeini, its strong animosity to the liberal political movements, and its tendency to support the revolutionary organizations," such as the komiteh. Policies it supported included the state takeover of large capital enterprises, the establishment of an Islamic cultural and university system, and programs to assist the poor.
These revolutionary ayatollahs originally used the party to form a monopoly over the post revolutionary theocratic Iranian state. In its struggle with civilian opponents the party made use of its ties to the Revolutionary Guards and Hezbollah Causes of its dissolution
In the late 1980s, factionalism in the IRP intensified, the major issues being the Iran-Iraq War, whether to open up to foreign countries or remain isolated, and economic policies. Because all rival parties had been banned, the party "did almost nothing and had little incentive to."
According to Ahmad Mneisi,
"While unanimous on the idea of a theological state and united under the umbrella of one party, the Islamic Republican Party (IRP), differed on a number of issues, such as the extent to which religion is to take hold of political life (the Velayat-e Faqih debate).
Daniel Brumberg argued that it was in response to the dispute between president Ali Khamenei and popular prime Minister Mir-Hossein Mousavi, that the IRP was dissolved - the Islamic Republican Party served "as a stronghold of radical activism," supporting Mousavi. However, there is another report, stated that in May 1987 it was dissolved due to internal conflicts. And the party was disbanded upon joint proposal of Rafsanjani and then party leader Khameini on 2 May 1987 when their proposal was endorsed by Ayatollah Khomeini. Party leaders
|Leader ||Deputy Leader |
- Hassan Ayat (1979–1981)
- Mir-Hossein Mousavi (1981–1987)
Tags:Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Ali Khamenei, Ardabili, Ayatollah, Ayatollah Khomeini, Bahonar, Beheshti, Elections, Hashemi Rafsanjani, Hezbollah, Ideology, Iran, Iran-Iraq, Iran-Iraq War, Iranian, Iranian Revolution, Iraq, Islam, Islamic, Islamic Republican Party, Khamenei, Khomeini, Mahdi, Mir, Mir Hossein Mousavi, Mir-Hossein Mousavi, Mohammad-Javad Bahonar, Mousavi, Persian, Politics, Politics of Iran, Rafsanjani, Revolution, Revolutionary Guards, Ruhollah Khomeini, Shia, Shia Islam, Wikipedia