Liberation of Khorramshahr

آزادی خرمشهر

ID:19069 Section: Event

Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

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(Wikipedia) - Liberation of Khorramshahr
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Liberation of Khorramshahr Belligerents Commanders and leaders Strength Casualties and losses
Part of the Iran–Iraq War
Iraqi prisoners of war
Date Location Result Territorial changes
24 April - 12 May 1982 (2 weeks and 4 days)
Khorramshahr, Khuzestan Province, southwest Iran
Decisive Iranian victory
Iran retakes the city of Khorramshahr and pushes the Iraqis back to the border.
 Iraq  Iran
Ahmad Zeidan Ali Sayad Shirazi

Mohsen Rezaee

Hossein Kharrazi
70,000 70,000
10,000 killed, 19,000 captured, 105 armored vehicles 30,000 killed and wounded
  • v
  • t
  • e
Iran–Iraq War
Iraqi invasion

Stalemate (1981)

  • Nasr
  • H3

Iranian offensive (1982)

  • Samen-ol-A''emeh
  • Tariq al-Qods
  • Fath ol-Mobin
  • Beit ol-Moqaddas (2nd Khorramshahr)
  • Ramadan

Strategic stalemate (1983–84)

  • Before the Dawn
  • Dawn 1
  • Dawn 2
  • Dawn 3
  • Dawn 4
  • Dawn 5
  • Kheibar
  • Kurdish rebellion (1983)
  • Dawn 6
  • Marshes
  • Badr

Duel offensives (1985–86)

  • Dawn 8 (1st al-Faw)
  • Mehran
  • Karbala 4
  • Karbala-5
  • Karbala-6
  • Karbala-8
  • Karbala 10
  • Nasr 4

Final stages

  • Beit-ol-Moqaddas 2
  • Al-Anfal Campaign (Halabja)
  • Zafar 7
  • Tawakalna ala Allah (2nd al-Faw)
  • Forty Stars
  • Mersad

Tanker War

  • Earnest Will
  • Prime Chance
  • Eager Glacier
  • Nimble Archer
  • Praying Mantis

International incidents

The Liberation of Khorramshahr (Persian: آزادی خرمشهر / Azaadi-e Khorramshahr) was the Iranian recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis on May 24, 1982 during the Iran–Iraq War. The Iraqis had captured the city early in the war on October 26, 1980. The successful retaking of the city was part of Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas. It is perceived as a turning point in the war and the liberation is celebrated in Iran on its anniversary, 24 May.

Contents
  • 1 The battle
  • 2 Aftermath
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External Links

The battle

The city remained in Iraqi hands until April 1982, when the Iranians launched Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas to recapture the Khuzestan province. The first attack (from April 24 to May 12) utilized approximately 70,000 army troops and Pasdaran (members of Iran''s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps) that succeeded in pushing the Iraqi forces out of the Ahvaz-Susangerd area while sustaining heavy casualties. The Iraqis withdrew back to Khorramshahr and, on May 20th, launched a heavy but unsuccessful counterattack against the Iranians who stood their ground no matter the cost. An all-out assault on Khorramshahr was then launched by Iran, which captured two of defense lines in the Pol-e No and Shalamcheh region. The Iranians gathered around the Shatt al-Arab (known as Arvand Rud in Iran) waterway, surrounded the city and began a second siege. The Iranians finally recaptured the city on May 24th after two days of bitter fighting and heavy losses.

Aftermath

In re-taking the city, the Iranians captured approximately 19,000 soldiers from a demoralized Iraqi Army. On the other hand, Saddam Hussein was shocked and furious by the defeat in Khorramshahr and at the fact that the Iranians had pushed on despite sustaining heavy casualties. The Iranians had even been forced to commit their reserves in order to keep on driving back the Iraqis. Iranians had shown incredible determination and an iron-will. Saddam ordered the execution of a number of top Iraqi officers responsible for the defense of the city.

Iranians celebrate the anniversary of Liberation of Khorramshahr every year.

Tags:Abadan, Ahvaz, Ali Sayad Shirazi, Allah, Arab, Arvand, Casualties, Dezful, Halabja, Iran, Iran Air, Iran Air Flight 655, Iranian, Iran–Iraq War, Iraq, Iraqi, Islamic, Kaman 99, Karbala, Khorramshahr, Khuzestan, Khuzestan Province, Kurdish, Liberation of Khorramshahr, Mehran, Morvarid, Operation Beit ol-Moqaddas, Pasdaran, Persian, Qods, Ramadan, Saddam, Saddam Hussein, Shatt al-Arab, Sultan, Susangerd, Wikipedia

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