List of geographic names of Iranian origin

فهرست نام های جغرافیایی ایرانی تبار

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Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

List of geographic names of Iranian origin Definition

(Wikipedia) - List of geographic names of Iranian origin

This is a list of geographic names of Iranian origin. This list also includes geographic names which are in part derived from Iranian languages.


Africa Somalia Cities and RegionsBandar Beyla Bandar QaasimTanzaniaZanzibarCaucasusArran Caucasus Kura River The name Kura is taken from the name Kurosh which is the Persian pronunciation of the name of the Persian king Cyrus the Great.ArmeniaArmeniaMain article: Armenia (name)The exonym Armenia is attested in the Old Persian Behistun inscription as Armina, and introduced into Greek by Herodotus as Ἀρμένιοι "Armenians", who in his review of the troops opposing the Greeks wrote that "the Armenians were armed like the Phrygians, being Phrygian colonists.". Armenia Ἀρμενία as the name for the country of the Armenians is in use since Strabo. The ultimate origin of the exonym is also uncertain, but it may well be connected to an Assyrian toponym Armanî or Armânum, first recorded by Naram-Sin in the 23rd century BC as the name of an Akkadian colony in the Diyarbakır region.ArtavazCities and regionsHrazdan The name Hrazdan is derived from the Middle-Persian name Frazdan. Farzdan is connected to the Zoroastrian mythology. Sardarabad Spitak ZangezurAzerbaijanAzerbaijanMain article: History of the name AzerbaijanThe Republic of Azerbaijan gets its name from the Iranian region known as Azerbaijan. The name Azerbaijan is thought to be derived from Atropates, the Satrap (governor) of Media in the Achaemenid empire, who ruled a region found in modern Iranian Azarbaijan called Atropatene. Atropates name is believed to be derived from the Old Persian roots meaning "protected by fire." The name is also mentioned in the Avestan Frawardin Yasht: âterepâtahe ashaonô fravashîm ýazamaide which translates literally to: We worship the Fravashi of the holy Atare-pata.Cities and regions See also: List of cities in AzerbaijanAbsheron Rayon Astara and Astara (rayon) There are two main theories for the etymology of the city''s name. One is that it is derived from the Persian or Talysh word آهسته رو (Aste-ro or Aheste-ro), meaning "the place where the travel gets slower" (given the marshlands that surrounded the region before). . The oldest theory comes from Vedic songs and writings which explains Astara as a place where the rays of lights shine from behind to light the pathways ahead. Babək rayon Named after the Iranian hero Babak Khorramdin Baku The name Baku is widely believed to be derived from the old Persian names of the city Bad-kube, meaning "city where the wind blows", or Baghkuh, meaning "Mount of God". Arabic sources refer the city as Baku, Bakukh, Bakuya, and Bakuye, all of which seem to come from the original Persian name. Other theories suggest that the name dates back to Zoroastrianism and comes from the word Baga meaning "the god" in Avestan and Sanskrit. Beylagan The 5th century Armenian historian Moses of Chorene states that this name is from the Persian name Payda-gharan (پایداقاران), that its meaning is not clear, but that "-an" in the last section means "place of" in Persian. Bilasuvar It has been said that the ancient name was Pileh-Swar that in Persian means "the elephant-riding person ", named after one of the Buyid dynasty amirs. Ganja The name comes from the New Persian ganj (گنج: "treasure, treasury"), which itself is from the Middle Persian Ganjak of the same meaning. Kalbajar Karabakh The word "Karabakh" originated from Turkic and Persian, literally meaning "black garden." The name first appears in Georgian and Persian sources in the 13th and 14th centuries. The term Nagorno-Karabakh is a derivative that refers to the mountainous part of Karabakh (the Russian word нагорный - nagorny means "mountainous", "upland"). Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and Nakhchivan City According to some, the name Nakhchivan derived from the Persian Nagsh-e-Jahan ("Image of the World"), a reference to the beauty of the area. Nardaran from the Persian Nar (Pomegranate)نار + Daran (trees) داران "Place with Pomegranate trees". Ordubad Sadarak Shaki and Shaki (rayon) According to the Azerbaijan Development Gateway, the name of the town goes back to the ethnonym of the Sakas, who reached the territory of modern day Azerbaijan in the 7th century B.C. and populated it for several centuries. In the medieval sources, the name of the town is found in various forms such as Sheke, Sheki, Shaka, Shakki, Shakne, Shaken, Shakkan, Shekin. Shirvan Literally meaning "Land of the Lions" in Persian. Siazan The word Siyazan derives from the Tat words siya ("black") and zan ("woman"). Surakhani Xirdalan Zangilan Zardab Zardab is a Persian word (زردآب Zardab) meaning "yellow water". Zərgəran ZərnavaGeographic featuresAbsheron The name Abşeron is Persian and comes from the Persian word Abshuran (آبشوران) meaning "The place of the Salty Waters".GeorgiaGeorgia It is conjectured that the word "Georgia" derived from the Ancient Persian word Gurj or Gorg, meaning Gorgeous in Proto-Indo-European languages. Some also believed that Georgia was so named by the Greeks on account of its agricultural resources, since "Georgia" (γεωργία) means "farming" in Greek. However, the true origin of the name Georgia is still disputed and unknown.CitiesGardabani Gurjaani Rustavi TamarasheniCentral AsiaAmudarya Syrdarya Khwarezm Pamir Mountains Turkistan Formed with the Persian suffix -istan, literally meaning "land of the Turks" in Persian.AfghanistanAfghanistanMain article: Origins of the name AfghanFormed with the Persian suffix -stan, originally ''sthan'' from Sanskrit, meaning ''land'', it literally means "Land of Afghans". Afghanistan" comes from "Upa-Gana-stan"CitiesHerat Jalalabad Mazar-i SharifKazakhstan

Formed with the Persian suffix -istan, literally meaning "land of the Kazakh or Ghazagh" in Persian.

CitiesAstana ShymkentKyrgyzstan

Formed with the Persian suffix -istan.

CitiesJalal-Abad OshTajikistanTajikistan Tajik combined with Persian suffix -stan. Literally meaning "Land of Tajiks" in Persian.Cities and regions See also: List of cities in TajikistanDushanbe The name is derived from the Persian word for "Monday" (du two + shamba or shanbe day, lit. "day two") and refers to the fact that it was a popular Monday marketplace. Garm The name is derived from the Gharmi people, and Iranian people. Kofarnihon The name comes from the Persian کافر نهان, literally meaning "place where unbelievers hide". Murghab Derived from the Persian word مرغاب meaning "river of the birds". Panjakent Persian پنج‌کند which means Five Cities. Its older name was Panj-deh (Five Villages). Kent or Kand is Iranian city or fortress. like Samarkand and Tashkand. Qurghonteppa Derived from the Persian word گرگان تپه meaning "Hills of Gurgan".TurkmenistanAshgabat The name is believed to derive from the Persian Ashk-ābād meaning "the City of Arsaces." Another explanation is that the name comes from the Arabic عشق (ishq, meaning "love") and the Persian آباد (ābād meaning "cultivated place" or "city"), and hence loosely translates as "the city of love."CitiesAbadan Chardzhou Mary Merv TürkmenabatUzbekistanUzbekistan  Uzbek combined with Persian suffix -stan, originally from Sanskrit ''sthan'' meaning ''land''. Literally meaning "Land of Uzbeks" in Persian.Cities and regions See also: List of cities in UzbekistanAfrasiab Derived from the Persian afrāsiyāb (Persian: افراسياب; Avestan: Fraŋrasyan; Pahlavi: Frāsiyāv, Frāsiyāk and Freangrāsyāk), the name of the mythical King and hero of Turan and an archenemy of Iran. Bukhara Encyclopædia Iranica mentions that the name Bukhara is possibly derived from the Soghdian βuxārak. Another possible source of the name Bukhara may be from "a Turkic (Uighur) transfer of the Sanskrit word ''Vihara''" (monastery), and may be linked to the pre-Islamic presence of Buddhism (especially strong at the time of the Kushan empire) originating from the Indian sub-continent, and to the presence of some Turkish rulers in the 6th Century. Dehkanabad  Formed with Persian suffix -abad. Guliston Formed with the Persian suffix -istan. Jizzakh The name "Jizzahk", derives from the Sogdian word for "small fort" and the present city is built of the site of the Sogdian town of Usrushana. Karakalpakstan Formed with the Persian suffix -istan. Namangan and Namangan Province Derived from the local salt mines (in Persian: نمک‌کان namak kan). Panjakent In Sogdian, the native local Iranian language in pre-Islamic times, kanθ means town, which is derived from Old Persian kanda, meaning a town or a region. In this case, Khanda has been manipulated into "kent". Samarkand The name Samarkand is derived from the Sanskrit term Samara Khanda which literally means "region of war". In Greek it was known as Marakanda. In Sogdian, the native local Iranian language in pre-Islamic times, kanθ means town, which is derived from Old Persian kanda, meaning a town or a region. Shahrisabz Its name (شهر سبز/Šahr e Sabz) means "green city" in Persian. Surxondaryo Tashkent In medieval times the town and the province were known as "Chach". Later, the town came to be known as Chachkand/Chashkand, meaning "Chach City." (Kand, qand, kent, kad, kath, kud—all meaning a city, are derived from the Old Iranian, kanda, meaning a town or a city. Xorazm Yarkand In Sogdian, the native local Iranian language in pre-Islamic times, kanθ means town, which is derived from Old Persian kanda, meaning a town or a region. Zeravshan From the Persian word زر افشان, meaning "the sprayer of Gold".Geographical featuresZeravshan mountains From the Persian word زر افشان, meaning "the sprayer of Gold".East AsiaChina The English name of China comes from the Qin Dynasty, possibly in a Sanskrit form; the pronunciation "China" came to the western languages through the Persian word چین "Chin". Korea (both north and south)Main article: Names of KoreaAfter the Goryeo Dynasty, the first Korean dynasty visited by Persian merchants who referred to Koryŏ (Goryeo) as Korea.BruneiBandar Seri BegawanIndonesiaBanda Aceh The first part of its name comes from the Persian bandar (بندر) and means "port" or "haven". It is also proudly referred to as the "port to Meccah", as Islam first arrived in Aceh and spread throughout Southeast Asia. Bandar Lampung Bandar (in Persian بندر) is a Persian word meaning "port" and "haven". Etymologically it combines Persian بند Band (enclosed) and در dar (gate, door) meaning "an enclosed area" (i.e. protected from the sea). The word travelled with Persian sailors over a wide area leading to several coastal places in Iran and elsewhere having Bandar (haven) as part of their names.MalaysiaBandar Sri Damansara Bandar Seri Putra Bandar Baru Bangi Bandar SamariangEuropeCaucasus Danube River Comes from the ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning "river" or "stream". Dnieper Sarmatian *danu apara "river to the rear" Dniester Sarmatian *danu nazdya "river to the front. Don River (Russia) Donetsk Dnipropetrovsk Mount Elbrus a metathesis of Alborz Tiraspol from an ancient name of the river, Tyras, derived from Scythian *tūra

Persians did not rule North India. Their limit was Baluchistan and NWFP.

RussiaBashkortostan Formed with the Persian suffix -istan. Dagestan Formed with the Persian suffix -istan. Sakha Republic Named derived from the Saka, and Iranian people. Saka is the Persian term for Scythian. Tatarstan Formed with the Persian suffix -istan, literally meaning "Land of the Tartars" in Persian.CitiesDerbent The name is a Persian word (دربند Darband) meaning "closed gates", which came into use in the end of the 5th or the beginning of the 6th century AD, when the city was refounded by Kavadh I of the Sassanid dynasty of Persia. Turan (town)Middle EastPersian Gulf Derived from Persia. Strait of Hormuz There are two opinions about the etymology of this name. In popular belief the derivation is from the name of the Persian God هرمز Hormoz (a variant of Ahura Mazda). Compare the Pillars of Hercules at the entrance to the Mediterranean. Scholars, historians and linguists derive the name "Ormuz" from the local Persian word هورمغ Hur-mogh meaning datepalm. In the local dialects of Hurmoz and Minab this strait is still called Hurmogh and has the aforemintioned meaning. Arvandrud The Iranian name of the Shatt al-Arab, from the Persian اروندرود, literally Arvand River.IranIranMain article: Etymology of IranCities See also: List of cities in IranAbadan An Iranian etymology of the name (from the Persian word "ab" (water) and the root "pā" (guard, watch) thus "coastguard station"), was suggested by B. Farahvashi. Supporting evidence is the name "Apphana" which Ptolemy applies to an island off the mouth of the Tigris. The Persian version of the name had begun to come into general use before it was adopted by official decree in 1935. The geographer Marcian also renders the name "Apphadana" in his writings. Ahvaz The word Ahvaz is a Persianized form of the local Arabic Ahwaz, which in turn itself is derived from a Persian word. The Dehkhoda Dictionary specifically defines the Arabic "Suq-al-Ahwaz" as "Market of the Khuzis", where "Suq" is Arabic for market, and "Ahwaz" is a plural (اسم جمع) of the form "af''āl" (افعال) of the word "Huz", or more precisely, the Arabic root "ha wa za" (ه و ز), which itself comes from the Persian Huz, from Achaemenid inscriptions from where the term first appears. Thus, "Ahwaz" in Arabic means "the Huz-i people", which refers to the non-Arabic original inhabitants of Khūzestān. Aligoodarz The city of Aligoodarz was once called Al-e Goodarz meaning "sons or tribe of Goodarz", a mythical Iranian hero from the Persian national epic Shahnameh. Amol Many scholars believe that the city''s name is rooted in the word Amard (Amui in Pahlavi). Ardabil The name Ardabil comes from the Zoroastrian name of "Artavil" (mentioned in Avesta) which means a holy place. Ardakan The word "Ardakan" in Persian means "holy place" or "clean place" (Modern Persian: ardak+an / Middle Persian: artak+an) Astara The city''s name is derived from the Persian word آهسته‌رو (Aste-ro or Aheste-ro), meaning "the place where the travel gets slower" (given the marshlands that surrounded the region before). .Islands See also: List of islands of IranFarsi Island Arabized name derived from Parsi (Persian). Greater and Lesser Tunbs The name of the islands comes from Persian tunb ''hilly place''. Hendurabi Derived from the Persian word اندرآبی Andar-abi meaning "Inside the waters". Hormuz Island Name of Shah Hormuz Shetor Island Shetor or Shotor (Persian: شتور) in Persian means Camel.Geographical features IraqIraq Possibly derived from the Middle Persian word Erak, meaning "lowlands". The natives of the southwestern part of today''s Iran called their land "the Persian Iraq" for many centuries (for Arabs: Iraq ajemi: non-Arabic-speaking Iraq). Before the constitution of the state of Iraq, the term "Iraq arabi" referred to the region around Baghdad and Basra.Cities and regionsAnbar Baghdad Bahdinan Barzan Basra Ctesiphon Al Diwaniyah Dohuk Khanaqin Salman PakOmanBandar Khayran Bandar JissahTurkeyAdapazari Aksaray Akşehir Alaşehir Eceabat Erzincan Eskişehir Galatasaray {Istanbul} Gümüşhane Kahramanmaraş Nevşehir PazarUnited Arab EmiratesAjman Dubai Some believe that the name of the city as Persian roots, possibly from the Persian words do (two) and baradar brother), referring to Diera and Bur Dubai. SharjahNorth AmericaPersia, Iowa, Persia, New York, and Persia, California Persia derives from the ancient Greek name for Iran''s maritime province, called Fars in the modern Persian language, Pars in Middle Persian and Pārsa (

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