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    * Minister of War *

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    (Wikipedia) - Defence minister   (Redirected from Minister of War)
    It has been suggested that this article be merged into Ministry of Defence. (Discuss) Proposed since October 2014.
    "Minister of Defense" redirects here. For the American football player nicknamed "the Minister of Defense", see Reggie White.
    This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2013)

    The title Defense minister, Minister for Defense, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of State for Defence, Secretary of National Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states. The role of a defence minister varies considerably from country to country; in some the minister is only in charge of general budget matters and procurement of equipment; while in others the minister is also, in addition, an integral part of the operational military chain of command.

    Prior to the 20th century, there were in most countries separate ministerial posts for the land forces (often called "minister for war" etc.) and the naval forces. Since the end of World War II, the title has changed from war to defence, and has often involved putting a single defence minister in charge of all the armed forces. Another common reform which occurred at the end of World War II was to place the defence minister in a national security council, war cabinet, or a "Kitchen Cabinet", which allows the head of government or head of state to coordinate military, diplomatic and economic activities.

    The Defence Ministry in some countries is a very important ministry, sometimes considered more important than the foreign ministry. If war is common for a country, the defence minister''s position is often assumed by the head of government. (For example, five Prime Ministers of Israel have held the Defence (Security) Ministry during their Premiership). In many nations it is a strong convention that the defence minister be a civilian, in order to highlight civilian control over the military. In less democratic countries, the minister is often an active military official.

    Contents
    • 1 People''s Republic of China
    • 2 List of defence ministries or departments
    • 3 See also
    • 4 References

    People''s Republic of China

    The People''s Republic of China is very unusual in that the Ministry of National Defence (MND) is relatively powerless; it does not have command over the People''s Liberation Army. Command of the military belongs in the party and in the state Central Military Commission; the MND exists primarily as a liaison and protocol office to communicate with foreign militaries. Essentially, the MND exists only because most other nations have defence ministries, and for protocol and liaison purposes, the PRC needs to have an institution corresponding with those of other governments. However, the Minister of National Defence (who is usually a senior, although not always the highest ranking, military officer) is always a CMC member and usually a Vice Chairman and State Councillor, is an authoritative position. In ancient China, this office was variously referred to as the Grand Marshal (Eastern Han dynasty), Grand Commandant (Qin and Han dynasty), Grand Protector (Zhou dynasty) or the Troop Minister.

    List of defence ministries or departments See also: Category:Defence ministers
    •  Albania: Ministry of Defence
    •  Armenia: Defence Ministry
    •  Australia: Minister for Defence
    •  Austria: Ministry of National Defence and Sport
    •  Azerbaijan: Ministry of Defense
    •  Belgium: Ministry of Defence
    •  Bosnia and Herzegovina: Ministry of Defence
    •  Brazil: Ministry of Defence
    •  Bulgaria: Ministry of Defence
    •  Cambodia: Ministry of National Defence
    •  Canada: Minister of National Defence
    •  Chile: Ministry of National Defense
    • China: Two governments use "China" in their name:
      •  People''s Republic of China: Ministry of National Defense of the People''s Republic of China
      •  Republic of China: Ministry of National Defense
    •  Colombia: Ministry of National Defense (Colombia)
    •  Croatia: Ministry of Defence
    •  Cyprus: Minister of Defence
    •  Czech Republic: Ministry of Defence
    •  Democratic Republic of Congo: Minister of Defence (Democratic Republic of Congo)
    •  Denmark: Minister of Defence (list)
    •  Egypt: Minister of Defence and Military Production
    •  Estonia: Minister of Defence
    •  Finland: Minister of Defence
    •  France: Minister of Defence
    •  Germany: Federal Ministry of Defence (list)
      •  Prussia: Minister of War (1808–1918)
    •  Greece: Minister for National Defence
    •  Hong Kong: Secretary for Defence, renamed Secretary for Security in 1973
    •  Hungary: Minister of Defence
    •  Indonesia: Minister of Defence
    •  India: Minister of Defence
    •  Ireland: Minister for Defence
    •  Israel: Ministry of Defense (in Hebrew: Sar Ha-Bitakhon)
    •  Italy: Minister of Defence
    •  Japan: Minister of Defense
    •  Lithuania: Ministry of National Defence
    •  Macedonia: Minister of Defense
    •  Mexico: Secretariat of National Defense (Mexico)
    •  Netherlands: Ministry of Defence
    •  New Zealand: Minister of Defence
    •  Norway: Minister of Defence
    •  Pakistan: Defence Minister
    •  People''s Republic of China: Ministry of National Defense
    •  Peru: Ministry of Defense
    •  Philippines: Department of National Defense
    •  Poland: Ministry of National Defence
    •  Portugal: Ministry of National Defence
    •  Republic of China: Ministry of National Defense
    •  Romania: Ministry of National Defense
    •  Russia: Ministry of Defence
      •  Soviet Union: Minister of Defence
      • Russian Empire: List of heads of the military of Imperial Russia
    •  Serbia: Minister of Defence
    •  Singapore: Ministry for Defence
    •  Somalia: Ministry of Defence
    •  South Africa: Minister of Defence and Military Veterans
    •  Spain: Ministry of Defence
    •  Sri Lanka: Ministry of Defence
    •  Sweden: Minister for Defence
    •   Switzerland: Member of the Federal Council heading the:
      • Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sports (list)
      • formerly "Federal Military Department" (list)
    •  Tajikistan: Ministry of Defence
    •  Thailand: Ministry of Defence
    •  Tonga: Minister of Defence
    •  Turkey: Ministry of National Defence (Turkey)
    •  United Kingdom: Secretary of State for Defence (with list)
    •  United States: Secretary of Defense (with list)
    •  Vietnam: Ministry of Defence

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