Mohammad Reza Aref

محمد رضا عارف

ID:13489 Section: Person

Updated:Sunday 12th October 2014

Mohammad Reza Aref Definition

(Wikipedia) - Mohammad Reza Aref Mohammad Reza Aref محمدرضا عارف First Vice President of IranPresident Preceded by Succeeded by Head of Management and Planning Organization President Preceded by Succeeded by Minister of Information and Communications Technology President Preceded by Succeeded by Personal details Born Political party Spouse(s) Children Alma mater Website
Mohammad-Reza Aref
In office 11 September 2001 – 11 September 2005
Mohammad Khatami
Hassan Habibi
Parviz Davoodi
In office 2 December 2000 – 11 September 2001
Mohammad Khatami
Mohammad-Ali Najafi
Mohammad Satarifar
In office 19 August 1997 – 1 December 2000
Mohammad Khatami
Mohammad Gharazi
Ahmad Motamedi
(1951-12-19) 19 December 1951 (age 62) Yazd, Iran
Islamic Iran Participation Front
Hamideh Moravvej Farshi
University of Tehran Stanford University
Official website

Mohammad Reza Aref (Persian: محمدرضا عارف ‎, born 19 December 1951) is an Iranian politician and academic. He was First Vice President from 2001 to 2005 under Mohammad Khatami. He previously served as Minister of Technology in Khatami''s first cabinet. He is currently a member of Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution and Expediency Discernment Council. He is also an electrical engineer and a professor at University of Tehran and Sharif University of Technology. He was a candidate in the 2013 presidential election but withdrew his candidacy in order to give the reformist camp a better chance to win.

  • 1 Early life and education
  • 2 Career
    • 2.1 2013 presidential election
  • 3 Personal life
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Early life and education

Aref was born on 19 December 1951 in Yazd. His father, Mirza Ahmad Aref, was a famous businessman.

He received a bachelor''s degree in electronics engineering from the University of Tehran, and a master''s degree and a PhD in electrical and communication engineering from Stanford University in 1975, 1976 and 1980, respectively. His PhD thesis was on the information theory of networks, supervised by Thomas M. Cover. He introduced and analyzed deterministic relay networks which is later termed as Aref Networks. During his education at Tehran University, he led many protests and was arrested by SAVAK prior to the Iranian Revolution.


During his political career, Aref has held important positions in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Following the Islamic Revolution, he began his political career. His first major political post was in 1981 when he became vice president of communication company. He later became acting president of company in 1983 and became deputy minister of science on the following year. Aref was a faculty member of Isfahan University of Technology until 1994.

Aref, who was a professor at University of Tehran, was elected as its chancellor in 1994. He began his career with creating Faculty of Social Sciences and also Institute of Geophysics. After his appointment as minister of technology, Aref was resigned as chancellor of the Tehran University in 1997.

After Mohammad Khatami was elected as President of Iran, he nominated Aref as the minister of post, telegraph, and telephone that was later renamed to minister of communications and information technology. He became the first head of management and planning organization in 2000 after resigned as Minister of Communication.

Aref during a campaign for supporting Green Movement in June 2009

Khatami was reelected in 2001 and his former vice president Hassan Habibi resigned immediately after the election. After Habibi''s resignation, he appointed Aref as his First Vice President. He served in this post until September 2005 and was succeeded by Parviz Dawoodi after the election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. Then, he served as a professor in the department of electrical engineering at Sharif University of Technology, offering courses on cryptography, coding theory, estimation theory and Information Theory. He is currently one of the members of the Expediency Discernment Council that is an advisory unit for Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. He is also member of central leadership of Islamic Iran Participation Front.

He was nominated for parliamentary election of 2008 as the reformist front''s first in the list but he withdrew in protest to rejection of some candidates by Guardian Council. In June 2013, Aref announced that he together with other reformist figures are planning to launch a national party, namely Hope of Iran. On the other hand, Iran''s president-elect Hassan Rouhani stated that Aref will be one of his cabinet members. However, Aref rejected the Rouhani''s invite for a political post (Vice Presidency or Ministry of Science) to focus on his party''s establishment. He also announced his interest to become one of Rouhani''s advisers in politics and human rights.

2013 presidential election Main article: Mohammad-Reza Aref presidential campaign, 2013

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