ID:5818 Section:

Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Nabu Definition

Nabu : Major god in the Babylonian pantheon, the son of Marduk. Nabu was the god of writing and vegetation. He was the recorder of the fates assigned to humans. His symbols were the clay tablet and the stylus. His home city was Borsippa. goddesses associated with Nabu were Nana, Nissaba; and Tashmetum. (Wikipedia) - Nabu For other uses, see Nabu (disambiguation).
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2010)
Nabu Abode Symbol Consort Mount
God of Wisdom, Writing and Vegetation
Temple in Borsippa
Clay Tablet and Stylus
Ancient Mesopotamian religion Ancient Mesopotamian religion Other traditions
Part of a series on
Primordial beings
  • Abzu and Tiamat
  • Lahmu and Lahamu
  • Anshar and Kishar
  • Mummu
Seven gods who decree
  • Four primary
    • Anu
    • Enlil
    • Enki
    • Ninhursag
  • Three sky gods
    • Inanna/Ishtar
    • Sin
    • Shamash
Other major gods
  • Adad
  • Anunnaki
  • Asaruludu
  • Ashnan
  • Dumuzid/Tammuz
  • Enbilulu
  • Enkimdu
  • Ereshkigal
  • Geshtinanna
  • Lahar
  • Nanshe
  • Nergal
  • Nidaba
  • Ningal
  • Ninkasi
  • Ninlil
  • Ninsun
  • Ninurta and his heroic mace
  • Nusku
  • Utu
  • Uttu
Demigods and heroes
  • Adapa
  • Enkidu
  • Enmerkar
  • Gilgamesh
  • Lugalbanda
  • Shamhat
  • Siduri
  • Atra-Hasis
Spirits and monsters
  • Good beings
    • Kingu
    • Kishar
    • Mamitu
    • Siris
    • Zu
  • Evil beings
    • Humbaba
    • Asag
    • Edimmu
    • Hanbi
    • Kur
    • Lamashtu
    • Namtar
    • Pazuzu
    • Rabisu
Tales from Babylon
  • Enûma Eliš
  • Atra-Hasis
  • Marduk and Sarpanit
  • Agasaya
  • Bel
  • Kingu
  • Mami
  • Nabu
  • Arabian
  • Levantine
  • Near Eastern religions
  • v
  • t
  • e
Religions of the ancient Near East Pre-Islamic Arabian deities
Part of the myth series on
  • Abgal
  • Aglibol
  • Allah
  • al-Lāt, al-''Ilāhat
  • Al-Qaum
  • Astarte
  • Atargatis (Syrian)
  • Atarsamain
  • Athtar
  • Beelshamen, Bēl-Šamīn
  • Bēl, Baʕl
  • Bes (Egypto-Arabic)
  • Dhul Khalasa
  • Dushara (Dusares)
  • Ēl, Ilāh (NW Semitic)
  • Hubal
  • Malakbel
  • Manaf
  • Manāt
  • Nabū, Nebo
  • Nasr
  • Nergal
  • Nuha
  • Orotalt
  • Ruda
  • Shams, Samas
  • Sīn, Nanna-Suen
  • Suwa''
  • Theandrios
  • Al-‘Uzzá
  • Wadd
  • Ya''uq
  • Yaghūth
  • Yarhibol
  • Yatha
  • demons
  • v
  • t
  • e
Lee Lawrie, Nabu (1939). Library of Congress John Adams Building, Washington, D.C.

Nabu (in Biblical Hebrew Nebo נבו) is the Assyrian and Babylonian god of wisdom and writing, worshipped by Babylonians as the son of Marduk and his consort, Sarpanitum, and as the grandson of Ea. Nabu''s consort was Tashmetum.

Originally, Nabu was a West Semitic deity introduced by the Amorites into Mesopotamia, probably at the same time as Marduk shortly after 2000 BC. While Marduk became Babylon''s main deity, Nabu resided in nearby Borsippa in his temple E-zida. He was first called the "scribe and minister of Marduk", later assimilated as Marduk''s beloved son from Sarpanitum. During the Babylonian New Year Festival, the cult statue of Nabu was transported from Borsippa to Babylon in order to commune with his father Marduk.

Nabu later became one of the principal gods in Assyria and Assyrians addressed many prayers and inscriptions to Nabu and named children after him. Nabu was the god of writing and scribes and was the keeper of the Tablets of Destiny, in which the fate of humankind was recorded. He was also sometimes worshiped as a fertility god and as a god of water.

Nabu is accorded the office of patron of the scribes, taking over from the Sumerian goddess Nisaba. His symbols are the clay writing tablet with the writing stylus. He wears a horned cap, and stands with hands clasped, in the ancient gesture of priesthood. He rides on a winged dragon (mušhuššu, also known as Sirrush), initially Marduk''s.

Drawing of a statue in the British Museum.

The etymology of his name is disputed. It could be derived from the root nb´ for "to call or announce", meaning something like "He who has called".

His power over human existence is immense because Nabu engraves the destiny of each person, as the gods have decided, on the tablets of sacred record. Thus, He has the power to increase or diminish, at will, the length of human life.

Nabu is mentioned in the Nevi''im of the Tanakh as Nebo in Isaiah 46:1.

A statue of Nabu from Calah, erected during the reign of the Assyrian king, Tiglath-pileser III is on display in the British Museum.

In late Babylonian astrology, Nabu was connected with the planet Mercury. As the god of wisdom and writing, he was equated by the Greeks to either Apollo or Hermes, the latter identified by the Romans with their own god Mercury.

Tags:Allah, Anatolia, Arabia, Arabic, Assyria, Assyrian, Babylon, British, British Museum, Congress, Egypt, Greece, Hebrew, Hermes, Iran, Islamic, Mesopotamia, Nabu, Near East, Semitic, Syrian, Washington, Wikipedia

Nabu Media

Nabu Terms

    Nabu Articles

    Nabu Your Feedback