Northwestern Iranian

شماغرب ایران

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Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Northwestern Iranian Definition

(Wikipedia) - Western Iranian languages   (Redirected from Northwestern Iranian) Western Iranian Geographic distribution: Linguistic classification: Subdivisions: Glottolog:
Southwest Asia, Central Asia, and western South Asia
Indo-European
  • Indo-Iranian
    • Iranian
      • Western Iranian
  • Northwestern Iranian
  • Southwestern Iranian (Persid)
west2794

The Western Iranian languages are a branch of the Iranian languages, attested from the time of Old Persian (6th century BC) and Median.

Languages

The traditional Northwestern branch is a convention for non-Southwestern languages, rather than a genetic group. The languages are as follows:

Old Iranian
  • Southwest: Old Persian
  • Northwest: Median†
Middle Iranian
  • Southwest: Middle Persian†
  • Northwest: Parthian
Neo-Iranian

  • Northwestern I
    • Kurdish: Sorani (Central Kurdish), Kurmanji (Northern Kurdish), Southern Kurdish, Laki
    • Zaza–Gorani
      • Zazaki (dialects: Kirmanjki, Dimli)
      • Gorani (dialects: Hawrami, Bajelan)
    • ? Shabak, Sarli
  • Northwestern II
    • Balochi: Balochi, ?Koroshi
    • Khuri (Kavir)
    • Tatic
      • Talysh
      • Tati/Azari: Old Azeri†, Harzandi, Karingani, Kho''ini, Khalkhal, Upper Taromi, Rudbari, Southern Tati, Eshtehardi, dialects N/NE of Qazvin
      • ? (Talysh? Tati?): Gozarkhani, Kajali, Koresh-e Rostam, Maraghei, Razajerdi, Shahrudi
      • Tafresh (transitional): Ashtiani (Amora’i, Kahaki), Vafsi, Alviri-Vidari (Alviri, Vidari), ?Judeo-Hamadani
      • Central / Central Plateau (Kermanic)
        • Northwestern: Khunsari, Mahallati, Vanishani, Judeo-Golpaygani
        • Southwestern: Gazi, Sedehi, Ardestani, Nohuji, Sajzi, Jarquya’i, Rudashti, Kafrudi, Kafruni, Judeo-Esfahani
        • Northeastern: Arani, Bidgoli, Delijani, Nashalji, Abuzaydabadi, Qohrudi, Badrudi, Kamu’i, Jowshaqani, Meyma’i, Abyana’i, Soi, Badi, Natanzi, Kasha’i, Tari, Tarqi, Judeo-Kashani
        • Southeastern: Zoroastrian Dari, Nayini, Zefra’i, Varzenei, Tudeshki, Keyjani, Abchuya’i

  • Southwestern (cf. dialects of Fars)
    • Persian (dialects: Iranian Persian, Dari Persian (Madaglashti), Tajik Persian, Hazaragi Persian, Aimaq, Sistani, Pahlavani Persian†, Dzhidi Persian (Judeo-Persian), Judeo-Bukharic, Judeo-Tat, Muslim/Christian Tat)
    • Persid
      • Khuzestani/Dezfuli
      • Luri (dialects: Luri, Mamasani, Kohkiluyeh, Bakhtiari)
      • Sivandi
      • Northwestern Fars
      • Kuhmareyi (incl. Davani)
    • Larestani–Gulf
  • Semnani: Semnani, Sangisari, Lasgerdi–Sorkhei (incl. Aftari)
  • Caspian: Gilaki (incl. Taleqani), Mazandarani, Gorgani†, ?Deilami

Also Khalaj (incertae sedis)

The dialects of Central Iran are a geographic rather than genetic grouping. They are spoken mostly in Markazi and Isfahan provinces. Many of them are giving way to Persian language among the younger generations.

Warduji is unclassified. It is probably a variety of Persian, but is not readily intelligible to speakers of standard Iranian Persian.

Tags:Asia, Azari, Azeri, Bakhtiari, Bandari, Caspian, Central Asia, Christian, Fars, Gilaki, Iran, Iranian, Isfahan, Judeo-Shirazi, Khalkhal, Kurdish, Larestani, Muslim, Old Persian, Parthian, Persian, Plateau, Qazvin, Rostam, South Asia, Talysh, Tati, Wikipedia, Zoroastrian

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