(Wikipedia) - Olive "Olive grove" and "Olive tree" redirect here. For other uses, see Olive grove (disambiguation) and Olive tree (disambiguation). This article is about the tree and the fruit. For other uses, see Olive (disambiguation). For olive oil, see Olive oil.
| ||This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2011) |
|Olea europaea, Dead Sea, Jordan |
|Kingdom: ||Plantae |
|(unranked): ||Angiosperms |
|(unranked): ||Eudicots |
|(unranked): ||Asterids |
|Order: ||Lamiales |
|Family: ||Oleaceae |
|Genus: ||Olea |
|Species: ||O. europaea |
|Olea europaea L. |
| ||This article contains special characters. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols. |
The olive (i/ˈɒlɪv/ or i/ˈɑːləv/, Olea europaea, meaning "olive from/of Europe") is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, found in much of Africa, the Mediterranean Basin from Portugal to the Levant, the Arabian Peninsula, and southern Asia as far east as China, as well as the Canary Islands, Mauritius and Réunion. The species is cultivated in many places and considered naturalized in France, Corsica, Crimea, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Java, Norfolk Island, California and Bermuda.
Its fruit, also called the olive, is of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil. The tree and its fruit give its name to the plant family, which also includes species such as lilacs, jasmine, Forsythia and the true ash trees (Fraxinus). The word derives from Latin ŏlīva ("olive fruit", "olive tree"; "olive oil" is ŏlĕum) which is cognate with the Greek ἐλαία (elaía, "olive fruit", "olive tree") and ἔλαιον (élaion, "olive oil"). The oldest attested forms of the latter two words in Greek are respectively the Mycenaean
Tags:Africa, Asia, California, China, Crimea, Egypt, Europe, France, Greek, Iran, Iraq, Java, Jordan, Mauritius, Mediterranean, Norfolk, Olive, Olive oil, Portugal, Syria, Wikipedia