Operation Mersad

عملیات مرصاد

ID:20418 Section: Military

Updated:Monday 13th October 2014

Operation Mersad Definition

(Wikipedia) - Operation Mersad Operation Mersad Belligerents Commanders and leaders Strength Casualties and losses
Part of Iran–Iraq War
Mujahadeen-e-Khalq (MEK) army was destroyed in 1988
Date Location Result Territorial changes
26 – 30 July 1988
Western borders of Iran
End of the Iran–Iraq War
  • Overall military stalemate along the entire frontier
  • Iraqi invasion of Iran fails
  • Iranian invasion of Iraq fails
  • Defeat of the Mujahadeen-e-Khalq (MEK) and destruction of their army
Borders return to pre-war status except along the Shatt Al Arab waterway which falls under Iraqi control until 1991 when Iraq gave Iran the right to use the waterway in exchange for a promise not to invade Iraq while it was busy in Kuwait.
National Liberation Army (MEK)  Iraq  Iran Peshmerga (only in the northern sector)
Massoud Rajavi Ali Sayad Shirazi
110,000 soldiers 300 tanks unknown number of artillery pieces and aircraft 400,000 soldiers 365 tanks unknown number of artillery pieces and aircraft
4,500 KIA (Iranian claim) 2,000 KIA (independent estimate) several thousand hanged for treason 400 KIA (Iranian claim)
  • v
  • t
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Iran–Iraq War
Iraqi invasion

Stalemate (1981)

  • Nasr
  • H3

Iranian offensive (1982)

  • Samen-ol-A''emeh
  • Tariq al-Qods
  • Fath ol-Mobin
  • Beit ol-Moqaddas (2nd Khorramshahr)
  • Ramadan

Strategic stalemate (1983–84)

  • Before the Dawn
  • Dawn 1
  • Dawn 2
  • Dawn 3
  • Dawn 4
  • Dawn 5
  • Kheibar
  • Kurdish rebellion (1983)
  • Dawn 6
  • Marshes
  • Badr

Duel offensives (1985–86)

  • Dawn 8 (1st al-Faw)
  • Mehran
  • Karbala 4
  • Karbala-5
  • Karbala-6
  • Karbala-8
  • Karbala 10
  • Nasr 4

Final stages

  • Beit-ol-Moqaddas 2
  • Al-Anfal Campaign (Halabja)
  • Zafar 7
  • Tawakalna ala Allah (2nd al-Faw)
  • Forty Stars
  • Mersad

Tanker War

  • Earnest Will
  • Prime Chance
  • Eager Glacier
  • Nimble Archer
  • Praying Mantis

International incidents

Mujahedeen members killed in Operation Mersad by Pasdaran in Kermanshah at 1988

Operation Mersad was the name given by the Iranian government, taken from the Persian word meaning ''ambush'' was the last major military operation of the war, ending in a decisive victory for Iran. The operation involved a successful counterattack against a July 1988 military incursion from Iraq, by a military force of about 7000 members of the Mujahadeen-e-Khalq (MEK). The MEK soldiers were armed, equipped and given air support by Iraq and other foreign states. Led by Lt. General Ali Sayad Shirazi, Operation Mersad began on 26 July 1988 and lasted only a few days, where the Iranian Armed Forces crushed the MEK in what was the last military operation of any significance of the Iran–Iraq War.

Both Iran and Iraq had accepted United Nations Security Council Resolution 598, which would end the war on 20 July 1988. However, shortly thereafter the Iraqi supported Mujahedeen-e-Khalq militant group attacked central Iran. The attacks was decisively defeated by the Iranian military.

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