Outline of Iran

نمای کلی ایران

ID:13247 Section: Politics

Updated: Monday 13th October 2014

Outline of Iran Definition

(Wikipedia) - Outline of Iran The location of IranAn enlargeable map of the Islamic Republic of Iran

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Iran:

The Islamic Republic of Iran, known as Persia until 1935, is a sovereign country located in Southwest Asia and the Middle East. Iran is bound by the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf to the south and the Caspian Sea to its north. Shi''a Islam is the official religion, and Persian is the official language. The 18th largest country in the world in terms of area at 1,648,195 square kilometres (636,372 sq mi), Iran has a population of over seventy million. Iran borders Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan to the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, and Turkey and Iraq to the west. Being a littoral state of the Caspian sea (an internal sea and condominium), also Kazakhstan and Russia are Iran''s direct neighbours.

Iran is home to one of the world''s oldest continuous major civilizations, with historical and urban settlements dating back to 4000 BC. Throughout history, Iran has been of geostrategic importance because of its central location in Eurasia and is a regional power. The political system of Iran, based on the 1979 Constitution, comprises several intricately connected governing bodies. The highest state authority is the Supreme Leader, currently Ayatollah Ali Khamenei.

Iran has an important position in international energy security and world economy as a result of its large reserves of petroleum and natural gas. The name Iran is a cognate of Aryan, and means "Land of the Aryans". "Land of Sun" (سرزمين مهر) is used as an alternative name for Iran in Persian literature and Iranian media.

Please be reminded that many of the red-linked articles might exist already with slightly different titles.

  • 1 General reference
  • 2 Geography of Iran
  • 3 Government and politics of Iran
    • 3.1 Branches of the government of Iran
      • 3.1.1 Executive branch of the government of Iran
      • 3.1.2 Legislative branch of the government of Iran
      • 3.1.3 Judicial branch of the government of Iran
    • 3.2 Foreign relations of Iran
      • 3.2.1 International organization membership
    • 3.3 Law and order in Iran
    • 3.4 Military of Iran
    • 3.5 Local government in Iran
  • 4 History of Iran
    • 4.1 History of Iran, by period
      • 4.1.1 Pre-Islam Iranian history
      • 4.1.2 Post-Islam Iranian history
      • 4.1.3 Pahlavi and contemporary history of Iran
    • 4.2 History of Iran, by subject
  • 5 Culture of Iran
    • 5.1 Art in Iran
    • 5.2 Sports in Iran
  • 6 Economy and infrastructure of Iran
  • 7 Education in Iran
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links
General referenceAn enlargeable map of Iran
  • Pronunciation:
  • Common English country name: Iran, archaic Persia
  • Official English country name: The Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Common endonym(s):
  • Official endonym(s):
  • Adjectival(s): Iranian
  • Demonym(s):
  • Etymology: Name of Iran
  • International rankings of Iran
    • 18th largest country
    • 17th most populous country
  • ISO country codes: IR, IRN, 364
  • ISO region codes: See ISO 3166-2:IR
  • Internet country code top-level domain: .ir
Geography of IranAn enlargeable topographic map of IranMain article: Geography of Iran  Iraq 1,458 km  Turkmenistan 992 km  Afghanistan 936 km  Pakistan 909 km  Azerbaijan 611 km  Turkey 499 km  Armenia 35 km
  • Coastline: 2,440 km
  • Population of Iran: 70,049,262 people (2006 estimate) - 17th most populous country
  • Area of Iran: 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi) - 18th largest country
  • Atlas of Iran
Environment of IranAn enlargeable satellite image of IranMain article: Environment of Iran Natural geographic features of Iran Regions of Iran Ecoregions of IranMain article: Ecoregions in IranAdministrative divisions of IranMain article: Administrative divisions of Iran
  • Provinces of Iran
    • Counties of Iran
      • Municipalities of Iran
Provinces of Iran Main article: Provinces of Iran

AlborzArdabilBushehrChaharmahal and BakhtiariIsfahanFarsGilanGolestanHamadanHormozganIlamKermanKermanshahKhuzestanKohgiluyeh and Boyer-AhmadKurdistanLuristanMarkaziMazandaranQazvinQomRazavi KhorasanSemnanSistan and BaluchestanTehranYazdZanjanNorth KhorasanSouth KhorasanWest AzerbaijanEast AzerbaijanCaspian SeaPersian GulfTurkmenistanAfghanistanPakistanAzerbaijanArmeniaT u r k e yIraqKuwaitSaudi Arabia

Counties of Iran Main article: Counties of Iran Municipalities of Iran Main article: Municipalities of Iran Demography of IranMain article: Demographics of IranGovernment and politics of IranMain article: Government of Iran and Politics of Iran
  • Form of government: Islamic republic
  • Capital of Iran: Tehran
Branches of the government of Iran Main article: Government of Iran Executive branch of the government of Iran Legislative branch of the government of Iran
  • Majlis of Iran (unicameral parliament)
    • drafts legislation
    • ratifies international treaties
    • approves the national budget
  • Guardian Council
    • 12 members
      • 6 appointed by the Supreme Leader
      • 6 elected by the Majlis
    • Powers and responsibilities:
      • Supervises elections
      • Approves or rejects candidates for President, Majlis, and the Assembly of Experts
      • Reviews all bills passed by the Majlis for constitutionality and compatibility with Islamic law, and approves or vetos them
  • Expediency Discernment Council
    • Appointed by Supreme Leader
    • Main purpose is to mediate disputes between the Majlis and the Council of Guardians
    • Also serves as an advisory board to the Supreme Leader
Judicial branch of the government of Iran Main article: Judicial system of Iran
  • Supreme Court of Iran
  • Special Clerical Court - for trying Muslim clerics, and accountable only to the Supreme Leader
Foreign relations of Iran Main article: Foreign relations of Iran
  • Iran-Arab relations
  • Diplomatic missions in Iran
  • Diplomatic missions of Iran
International organization membership Main article: International organization membership of Iran

The Islamic Republic of Iran is a member of:

  • Colombo Plan (CP)
  • Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
  • Group of 15 (G15)
  • Group of 24 (G24)
  • Group of 77 (G77)
  • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
  • International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
  • International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)
  • International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
  • International Criminal Court (ICCt) (signatory)
  • International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)
  • International Development Association (IDA)
  • International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRCS)
  • International Finance Corporation (IFC)
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
  • International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
  • International Labour Organization (ILO)
  • International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  • International Mobile Satellite Organization (IMSO)
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • International Olympic Committee (IOC)
  • International Organization for Migration (IOM)
  • International Organization for Standardization (ISO)
  • International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (ICRM)
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Law and order in IranMain article: Law of Iran Military of IranMain article: Military of Iran Local government in Iran Main article: Local government in Iran History of IranMain article: History of Iran, Timeline of the history of Iran, and Current events of Iran

Classic 4-mirrors Chahar-Ai-Ne (Persian چهاﺮآﻳنه) History of Iran, by period Pre-Islam Iranian history Post-Islam Iranian history Pahlavi and contemporary history of Iran History of Iran, by subject
  • History of science in Persia
  • Military history of Iran
  • Prime Minister of Iran
  • Persianization
  • Persian mythology
  • Iranian continent
  • Iranian Kurdistan
  • Iranian peoples
  • Iranology
  • Islamic Cultural Revolution
  • University of Chicago''s Persian heritage crisis
  • Islam in Iran
  • Islamicization in Iran
  • Turko-Persian tradition
  • Kayanian dynasty
Culture of IranMain article: Culture of Iran Art in Iran Sports in IranMain article: Sports in Iran Economy and infrastructure of IranMain article: Economy of Iran
  • Economic rank, by nominal GDP (2007): 29th (twenty-ninth)
Education in IranMain article: Education in Iran

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