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Updated: Saturday 11th October 2014

Pelusium Definition

Ancient Egyptian city located on easternmost mouth of the Nile River, its ruins lay southeast of modern Port Said. As the gate to Egypt, beginning in the 26th dynasty (с 7th century BC), it was the main frontier fortress facing Palestine. It was the scene of the Battle of Pelusium (525 BC) between Persian king Cambyses II and Egyptian Paroah Psamtik III.Was the Battle of Pelusium a Persian kitty war? Some narrations like that of Herodotus state that Egyptians regarded cats, as sacred but cats were always pets to Persians. The Persian army carried cats in front of them so the Egyptians did not dare to shoot their arrows for fear of wounding the animals, and so Pelusium was stormed successfully. Although the story might be subject of a good commercial for Persian cat-food, it cannot be much credited imagining the scene of an ancient times war. In front of thousands of horses, spearmen, elephants, etc. the idea of Persian soldiers holding kitties in front can only be subject to a comic book story like the 300 which wanted to discredit the victory at Thermopylae where Spartans were crushed. (Wikipedia) - Pelusium Pelusium Country Time zone  • Summer (DST)
PelusiumLocation in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°03′N 32°36′E / 31.050°N 32.600°E / 31.050; 32.600
+3 (UTC)

Pelusium was an important city in the eastern extremes of Egypt''s Nile Delta, 30 km to the southeast of the modern Port Said. Alternative names include Sena and Per-Amun (Egyptian, Coptic: Ⲡⲉⲣⲉⲙⲟⲩⲛ Paramoun meaning House or Temple of Amun), Pelousion (Greek, Πηλούσιον), Sin (Chaldaic and Hebrew), Seyân (Aramaic), and Tell el-Farama (modern Egyptian Arabic). Pelusium was the easternmost major city of Lower Egypt, situated upon the easternmost bank of the Nile, the Ostium Pelusiacum, to which it gave its name. It was the Sin of the Hebrew Bible (Ezekiel xxx. 15); and this word, as well as its Egyptian appellation, Peremoun or Peromi, and its Greek (πήλος) connote a city of the ooze or mud (cf. omi, Coptic, "mud"). Pelusium lay between the seaboard and the marshes of the Delta, about two and a half miles from the sea. The Ostium Pelusiacum was choked by sand as early as the first century BC, and the coastline has now advanced far beyond its ancient limits, so that the city, even in the third century AD, was at least four miles from the Mediterranean.

The principal produce of the neighbouring lands was flax, and the linum Pelusiacum (Pliny''s Natural History xix. 1. s. 3) was both abundant and of a very fine quality. It was, however, as a border-fortress on the frontier, as the key of Egypt as regarded Syria and the sea, and as a place of great strength, that Pelusium was most remarkable. From its position it was directly exposed to attack by the invaders of Egypt; several important battles were fought under its walls, and it was often besieged and taken.

  • 1 History
  • 2 Roman military roads
  • 3 Religion
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links


Tags:Amun, Arabic, Aramaic, Bible, Cambyses, Coptic, Egypt, Egyptian, Greek, Hebrew, Herodotus, Mediterranean, Nile, Palestine, Pelusium, Persian, Psamtik III, Roman, Syria, Thermopylae, Wikipedia

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