Robert Menendez

رابرن منندز

ID:19322 Section: Person

Updated:Tuesday 14th October 2014

Robert Menendez Definition

(Wikipedia) - Bob Menendez   (Redirected from Robert Menendez) Bob Menendez United States Senator from New Jersey Preceded by Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Preceded by Chairman of the House Democratic Caucus Leader Preceded by Succeeded by Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey''s 13th district Preceded by Succeeded by Member of the New Jersey Senate from the 33rd district Preceded by Succeeded by Member of the New Jersey General Assembly from the 33rd district Preceded by Succeeded by Mayor of Union City Preceded by Succeeded by Personal details Born Political party Spouse(s) Children Residence Alma mater Occupation Ethnicity Signature Website
Assumed office January 17, 2006 Serving with Cory Booker
Jon Corzine
Assumed office February 1, 2013
John Kerry
In office January 3, 2003 – January 16, 2006
Nancy Pelosi
Martin Frost
Jim Clyburn
In office January 3, 1993 – January 16, 2006
Frank Guarini
Albio Sires
In office March 4, 1991 – January 3, 1993
Christopher Jackman
Bernard Kenny
In office January 12, 1988 – March 4, 1991
Jose Arango
Louis Romano
In office 1986–1992
Arthur Wichert
Bruce Walter
Robert Menendez (1954-01-01) January 1, 1954 (age 60) New York City, New York, United States
Jane Jacobsen Menendez (m. 1976, div. 2005)
Alicia Menendez (b. ~1983) Robert Menendez, Jr. (b. ~1985)
Paramus, New Jersey
Saint Peter''s College (B.A.) Rutgers School of Law in Newark (J.D.)

Robert "Bob" Menendez (born January 1, 1954) is the senior United States Senator from New Jersey. He is a member of the Democratic party. First appointed to the Senate in January 2006, he was elected Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations in January 2013.

In 1974, at the age of 20, he was elected to the Union City Board of Education and, in 1986, won the election for mayor of Union City. In 1988, while continuing to serve as mayor, he was elected to represent the state''s 33rd district in New Jersey General Assembly and, within three years, moved to the New Jersey Senate, upon winning the March 1991 special election for the 33rd Senate district. In 1992, he won a seat in Congress and represented New Jersey''s 13th congressional district for six terms, from 1993 to 2006. In January 2006, he was appointed to fill the U.S. Senate seat vacated by Jon Corzine, and was elected to a full six-year term in November and re-elected in 2012.

Menendez is one of three Latinos in the Senate; the others — also Americans of Cuban ancestry — are Republican Marco Rubio of Florida and Republican Ted Cruz of Texas.

  • 1 Early life, education, and law career
  • 2 Early political career (1986–1993)
  • 3 U.S. House of Representatives (1993–2006)
  • 4 U.S. Senate (2006–present)
    • 4.1 Elections
    • 4.2 Committee assignments
    • 4.3 Caucus memberships
    • 4.4 Tenure
    • 4.5 Legislation sponsored
  • 5 Awards and honors
  • 6 Controversies
  • 7 Personal life
  • 8 Electoral history
    • 8.1 House
    • 8.2 Senate
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Early life, education, and law career

Bob Menendez was born on January 1, 1954 in New York City to Cuban immigrants who had left Cuba a few months earlier, in late 1953. His father, Mario Menéndez, was a carpenter, and his mother, Evangelina, a seamstress. The family subsequently moved to neighboring New Jersey where he grew up in a tenement in Union City. He attended Union Hill High School, where his speech teacher, Gail Harper, helped the introverted Menendez emerge as a powerful public speaker. Menendez explains, "My mother and Miss Harper made me understand the power of education, what it means to put a premium on learning and working hard." While at Union Hill, Menendez became the student body president. He went on to become the first in his family to go to college, attending Saint Peter''s College in Jersey City, where he became a member of the Lambda Theta Phi fraternity. He graduated with a B.A. in political science, and subsequently earned his Juris Doctor degree from Newark''s Rutgers School of Law in 1979. He was admitted to the New Jersey Bar in 1980 and became a lawyer in private practice.

Early political career (1986–1993)

In 1973, at age 19, while attending Saint Peter''s College in Jersey City, he launched a successful petition drive against his mentor, then-Union City Mayor William Musto, to reform the local school board. He was elected to the Union City Board of Education in 1974, the youngest ever to do so. He did, nevertheless, stay close to Musto throughout the 1970s and supported him in Musto''s re-election to the New Jersey Senate in 1978.

Menendez was elected mayor of Union City, the state''s 13th most populous locality, in 1986 after an unsuccessful run against the popular Musto in 1982. Menendez served as mayor until 1992 and, following election, in November 1987, to represent the state''s 33rd district in General Assembly, continued to fulfill both elective offices until March 1991, when he moved from the General Assembly''s 33rd district to the New Jersey Senate''s 33rd district, upon winning the special election called following the death of State Senator Christopher Jackman.

U.S. House of Representatives (1993–2006)Menendez as a CongressmanElections

In 1992, incumbent Democratic U.S. Congressman Frank Guarini, of New Jersey''s 14th congressional district, decided to retire after redistricting. The district had been renumbered as the 13th district, and reconfigured as a Latino-majority district. Menendez decided to run in the primary—the real contest in this heavily Democratic district—and defeated Robert Haney Jr. in the Democratic primary 68%–32%. He won the general election with 64% of the vote, defeating New Jersey Superior Court Judge Fred J. Theemling, Jr. in the general election. After that, he won re-election every two years with at least 71% of the vote until he was appointed to the U.S. Senate in January 2006.


Menendez, who is described as very close to Republicans on foreign policy voted for the failed Kosovo Resolution, authorizing the use of military force against Yugoslavia in the Kosovo War. He was an early advocate of preventing Iran from obtaining nuclear capabilities, sponsoring the Iran Nuclear Proliferation Prevention Act of 1998, which passed the House, but failed to pass in the Senate.

Menendez voted in favor of Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists, authorizing the President the use of military force in Afghanistan in response to the 9/11 Terrorist Attacks. In 2002, Menendez voted against the Iraq Resolution to authorize the invasion of Iraq.

Menendez voted against the United Nations Reform Act of 2005, cutting U.S. funding to the United Nations by 50% over 3 years, and was a sponsor of the Tsunami Orphans and Unaccompanied Children Act of 2005 to provide assistance to victims of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.

In 2001, Menendez voted in favor of the PATRIOT Act, and for its reauthorization in 2006.

In the 105th Congress, Menendez voted in favor of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, repealing provisions of the Glass-Steagall Act of 1933, repealing provisions that limited Investment banks from acquiring Insurance companies or other Commercial banks, and voted in favor of the Commodity Futures Modernization Act of 2000. After the 2001 Enron scandal, Menendez voted with 333 other members of the House in favor of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act.

U.S. Senate (2006–present)

In January 2006, Menendez was appointed by Governor Jon Corzine to fill the remaining year in the Senate seat from which Corzine resigned upon being elected the previous month as Governor of New Jersey. While several other names had been mentioned, Menendez was the early favorite among pundits for Governor-elect Corzine''s replacement to fill the vacancy that would be created when Corzine resigned from the Senate. Corzine''s decision to appoint Menendez got the support of several Latino groups, including the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials. Menendez was the sixth Latino to serve in the United States Senate.

ElectionsSenator Portrait of Robert Menendez.1996

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