Samanian Dynasty

سلسله سامانیان

ID:9707 Section: Dynasty

Updated:Tuesday 24th January 2012

Samanian Dynasty Definition

The Samanian Dynasty simply Samanids (819–999) was a Persian state and empire in Central Asia and Greater Iran, named after its founder Saman Khoda, who converted to Islam despite being from Zoroastrian theocratic nobility. It was a native Persian dynasty in Greater Iran and Central Asia after the collapse of the Sassanid Empire caused by the Arab conquest.The Samanian were a Persian state that reigned for 180 years, encompassing a territory which included Khorasan (including Kabul), Rhagae, Transoxiana, Tabarestan, Kerman, Gorgan, and west of these provinces up to Isfahan. At the peak of their power, the Samanid Empire controlled territory extending as far south as the Soleyman Mountains in Pakistan, Ghazneh and Kandahar. The Samanian were descendants of Bahram Chubin, and thus descended from the House of Mehran, one of the Seven Great Houses of Iran. In governing their territory, the Samanian modeled their state organization after the Abbasids, mirroring the caliph's court and organization. They were rewarded for supporting the Abbasids in Transoxiana and Khorasan, and with their established capitals located in Bukhara, Balkh, Samarkand, and Herat; they carved their kingdom after defeating the Saffarids.With their roots stemming from the city of Balkh (then, part of Greater Khorasan) the Samanian promoted the arts, giving rise to the advancement of science and literature, and thus attracted scholars such as Roodaki and Avicenna. While under Samanid control, Bukhara was a rival to Baghdad in its glory. Scholars note that the Samanian revived Persian more than the Booyeh Dynasty and the Saffarids, while continuing to patronize Arabic to a significant degree. Nevertheless, in a famous edict, Samanid authorities declared that "here, in this region, the language is Persian, and the kings of this realm are Persian kings." During the Samanid period the Tajik nation was formed in Central Asia. The Samanid Empire is considered as the first Tajik State; also earlier Iranian dynasties arose from the regions Tajiks inhabit till today (Taherian, Saffarian, Farighunid etc)The Samanid Empire was the first native Persian dynasty to arise after the Muslim Arab conquest. The four grandsons of the dynasty's founder, Saman Khoda, had been rewarded with provinces for their faithful service to the Abbasid caliph al-Mamun: Nuh obtained Samarkand; Ahmad, Fergana; Yahya, Shash; and Elyas, Herat. Ahmad's son Nasr became governor of Transoxania in 875, but it was his brother and successor, Abbasid, Arab, Arabic, Asia, Avicenna, Baghdad, Bahram Chubin, Balkh, Booyeh, Bukhara, Dynasty, Ghazneh, Gorgan, Greater Iran, Greater Khorasan, Herat, Iran, Iranian, Isfahan, Islam, Kabul, Kandahar, Kerman, Khoda, Khorasan, Mamun, Mehran, Muslim, Pakistan, Persian, Rhagae, Roodaki, Saffarian, Samanian, Samanian Dynasty, Samanid, Samarkand, Sassanid, Tabarestan, Taherian, Transoxiana, Zoroastrian

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