Princess Shams Pahlavi was the elder daughter of Reza Shah from his second wife Tajolmolook, Shams Pahlavi was born in Tehran on Oct, 28, 1917. Unlike her sister Ashraf, she was not interested in politics and spent her time mostly on her personal affairs and interests and felt more comfortable in the role of a traditional housewife. She was appointed the head of the Shir-o-Khorshid Sorkh (Red Lion and Sun Society); the Iranian version of Red Cross. She also presided over the Iranian Women's Circle which was formed by Reza Shah to encourage the removal of veils.In 1936, Shams was forced to marry Fereydoun Jam, son of the then prime minister of Iran, Mahmoud Jam. After Reza Shah was sent to exile, Shams separated from her husband and got divorced in 1944. She married her music instructor Minbashian the next year.Minbashian who changed his name to Mehrdad Pahlbod was a violinist and due to the dissatisfaction of the Shah, She was deprived of her ranks and titles for a brief period of time , and lived in the United States from 1945 to 1947. Eventually through intermediation of the queen mother, he was appointed the minister of culture and the director of the department general of fine arts. Then he was appointed minister of culture and arts in Hasanali Mansour's cabinet and held the office till the rise of the Islamic Revolution.Shams Pahlavi accepted Christianity in 1970s and founded a private church at her Morvarid Palace in Mehrshahr of Karaj. Her husband and children became Roman Catholics after her. She went to Italy and Vatican many times and paid visits to the Christian leaders of the world. She did not involve herself in commercial affairs, though she held huge shares in various domestic and foreign foundations, firms and institutions which were managed by Habib Sabet. She had large properties in Mehrshahr, Chalous and Tehran.Shams died of cancer on Feb, 29, 1996 in Santa Barbara, California, leaving behind two sons Shahbaz (born 1946) and Shahyar (born 1949) and a daughter named Shahrazad (born 1942). (Wikipedia) - Shams Pahlavi
|Princess of Iran |
|Coronation of the Shah of Iran in 1967. Princess Shams (right). |
|Fereydoun Djam (m.1937-div.1944) Mehrdad Pahlbod (m.1945-w.1996) |
|Shahboz Pahlbod Shahyar Pahlbod Shahrazad Pahlbod |
|English: Shams ul-Mulk Persian: شمس الملک |
|House of Pahlavi |
|Rezā Shāh |
|Tadj ol-Molouk |
|(1917-10-28)28 October 1917 Tehran, Iran |
|29 February 1996(1996-02-29) (aged 78) Santa Barbara, United States |
|Santa Barbara Cemetery |
Princess Shams Pahlavi (Persian: شمس پهلوی) ((1917-10-28)28 October 1917, Tehran, Iran – 29 February 1996(1996-02-29), Santa Barbara, California, United States) was the elder sister of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran. During her brother''s, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, reign she was the president of the Red Lion and Sun Society. Contents
- 1 Early life
- 2 Personal life
- 3 References
- 4 External links
Princess Shams was born in Tehran on 28 October 1917. She is the elder daughter of Rezā Shāh and Tadj ol-Molouk. Personal life
Shams Pahlavi married Fereydoun Djam, son of then prime minister of Iran, Mahmoud Djam, under strict orders from her father in 1937, but the marriage was an unhappy one and the couple divorced immediately after the death of Rezā Shāh.
Following the deposition of Reza Shah after the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran in 1941, Shams accompanied her father during his exile to Port Louis, Mauritius, and later Johannesburg, South Africa, and published her memoir of this trip in monthly installments in the Ettela''at newspaper in 1948.
She was deprived of her ranks and titles for a brief period of time after her second marriage to Mehrdad Pahlbod, and lived in the United States from 1945 to 1947. Later, a reconciliation with the court was achieved and the couple returned to Tehran only to leave again during the upheavals of the Abadan Crisis. She converted to Roman Catholicism in the 1940s. Her husband and children adopted Catholicism after her.
Styles of Princess Shams of Iran
|Her Imperial Highness |
|Your Imperial Highness |
After returning to Iran following the 1953 coup which reestablished the rule of her brother, she maintained a low public profile, contrary to that of her sister Princess Ashraf Pahlavi, and confined her activities to the management of the vast fortune she inherited from her father.
In the late 1960s she commissioned the Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation architects to build her the Morvarid Palace in Mehrshahr near Karaj, and Villa Mehrafarin in Chalous, Mazandaran.
She left Iran for the United States after the Islamic Revolution and died of cancer on her Santa Barbara estate in 1996.Santa Barbara Estate, 1981, California.Honours
- Order of the Pleiades (Neshaan-e haft peikar), 2nd Class, (1957, Iran)
- Order of Aryamehr (Neshān-e Āryāmehr), 2nd Class, (26 September 1967, Iran)
Tags:Abadan, Abadan Crisis, Africa, Anglo-Soviet, Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran, Ashraf, Ashraf Pahlavi, California, Christian, Christianity, Fereydoun, Hasanali Mansour, Iran, Iranian, Islamic, Islamic Revolution, Italy, Jam, Johannesburg, Karaj, Khorshid, Lloyd, Mahmoud Djam, Mauritius, Mazandaran, Mehrdad, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Morvarid, Pahlavi, Persian, Pleiades, Red Cross, Revolution, Reza Pahlavi, Reza Shah, Roman, Shah, Shah of Iran, Shir-o-Khorshid, South Africa, Soviet, Sun, Tadj, Tajolmolook, Tehran, United States, Vatican, Wikipedia