Soltaniyeh

سلطانیه

ID:8622 Section:

Updated:Saturday 11th October 2014

Soltaniyeh Definition

Soltaniyeh is a city in and capital of Soltaniyeh District of Abhar County, Zanjan Province, Iran. Soltaniyeh, located about 240 kilometers to the north-west of Tehran, used to be the capital of Ilkhanate Mongol rulers of Persia in the 14th century. Its name translates as "the Imperial". In 2005, UNESCO listed Soltaniyeh as one of the World Heritage Sites.Oljaitu intended Soltaniyeh to be the largest and most magnificent city in the world.The central magnet of Soltaniyeh's several ruins is the Mausoleum of Oljaitu also known as Mohammad Khodabandeh, traditionally known as the Dome of Soltaniyeh.The structure, erected from 1302 to 1312 AD, has the oldest double-shell dome in Iran. Its importance in the Muslim world may be compared to that of Brunelleschi's cupola for Christian architecture. It is one of the largest brick domes in the world, just at the theoretical engineering limit for a brick dome and the third largest dome in the world after domes of Florence Cathedral and Hagia Sophia. The Dome of Soltaniyeh paved the way for more daring Iranian-style cupola constructions in Muslim world, such as the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi and Taj Mahal. Much of its exterior decoration has been lost, but the interior retains superb mosaics, faience, and murals. People have described the architecture of the building as “anticipating the Taj Mahal.”The estimated 200 ton dome stands 49 meters tall from its base, and is currently undergoing extensive renovation. (Wikipedia) - Soltaniyeh This article is about Historical capital of the Ilkhanate. For other uses, see Sultaniya (disambiguation). "Saidiyeh" redirects here. For other uses, see Saidiyeh (disambiguation). Soltaniyeh سلطانيه Country Province County Bakhsh Elevation Population (2012)  • Total Time zone  • Summer (DST)
city
Soltaniyeh Dome
Soltaniyeh
Coordinates: 36°26′05″N 48°47′51″E / 36.43472°N 48.79750°E / 36.43472; 48.79750Coordinates: 36°26′05″N 48°47′51″E / 36.43472°N 48.79750°E / 36.43472; 48.79750
 Iran
Zanjan
Abhar
Soltaniyeh
1,784 m (5,853 ft)
5,968
IRST (UTC+3:30)
IRDT (UTC+4:30)
UNESCO World Heritage Site Soltaniyeh Type Criteria Reference UNESCO region Inscription history Inscription
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Cultural
ii, iii, iv
1188
Asia-Pacific
2005 (29th Session)

Soltaniyeh (Persian: سلطانيه‎, Azerbaijani: ﺳﻮﻟﻄﺎﻧﻴﻪ ,Sultanıyyә ; also Romanized as Solţānīyeh, Solţāneyyeh, Sultaniye, and Sultānīyeh; also known as Sa‘īdīyeh) is a city in and capital of Soltaniyeh District of Abhar County, Zanjan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 5,684, in 1,649 families. Soltaniyeh, located some 240 kilometres (150 mi) to the north-west of Tehran, used to be the capital of Mongol Ilkhanid rulers of Persia in the 14th century. Its name translates as "the Imperial". In 2005, UNESCO listed Soltaniyeh as one of the World Heritage Sites. The road from Zanjan to Soltaniyeh extends until it reaches to the Katale khor cave.

William Dalrymple notes that Öljaitü intended Soltaniyeh to be "the largest and most magnificent city in the world" but that it "died with him" and is now "a deserted, crumbling spread of ruins."

Contents
  • 1 Dome of Soltaniyeh
  • 2 Photo gallery
  • 3 See also
  • 4 External links
  • 5 References

Dome of Soltaniyeh

The central magnet of Soltaniyeh''s several ruins is the Mausoleum of Il-khan Öljeitü (Persian اولجايتو) also known as Muhammad Khodabandeh, traditionally known as the Dome of Soltaniyeh.

The structure, erected from 1302 to 1312 AD, has the oldest double-shell dome in Iran. This erroneous view of the construction was made by Dieulafoy but is totally disputed by Andre Godard. In Godard''s view it is a normal, if spectacularly large dome, with a thin skin on top for the faience and is in no way a double dome. Its importance in the Muslim world may be compared to that of Brunelleschi''s cupola for Christian architecture. It is one of the largest brick domes in the world, just at the theoretical engineering limit for a brick dome and the third largest dome in the world after the domes of Florence Cathedral and Hagia Sophia. The Dome of Soltaniyeh paved the way for more daring Iranian-style cupola constructions in the Muslim world, such as the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi and the Taj Mahal. Much of its exterior decoration has been lost, but the interior retains superb mosaics, faience, and murals. People have described the architecture of the building as “anticipating the Taj Mahal.”

The estimated 200 ton dome stands 49 meters (161 ft) tall from its base, and is currently undergoing extensive renovation.

Photo gallery
  • Village of Soltaniyeh and dome in 1969

  • The Soltaniyeh Dome''s structure and its 6 minarets are being restored by Iran''s ICHO

  • Major reconstruction inside

  • 16th century map of Soltaniyeh city

  • 16th century map of Soltaniyeh city

Tags:Abhar, Asia, Asia-Pacific, Christian, Ilkhanate, Iran, Iranian, Mohammad Khodabandeh, Mongol, Muslim, Oljaitu, Pacific, Persia, Persian, Soltaniyeh, Sultan, Taj Mahal, Tehran, UNESCO, Wikipedia, World Heritage, World Heritage Site, Zanjan

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