West Azerbaijan Province

استان آذربایجان غربی

ID:19347 Section: Place

Updated: Monday 13th October 2014

استان آذربایجان غربی تعریف

(Wikipedia) - West Azerbaijan Province This article is about the Iranian province. For other places named Azarbaijan, see Azerbaijan (disambiguation). West Azerbaijan Province استان آذربایجان غربی Country Region Capital Counties Government  • Governor Area  • Total Population (2012)  • Total  • Density Time zone  • Summer (DST) Main language(s)
Province
Location of West Azerbaijan within Iran
Coordinates: 37°33′10″N 45°04′33″E / 37.5528°N 45.0759°E / 37.5528; 45.0759Coordinates: 37°33′10″N 45°04′33″E / 37.5528°N 45.0759°E / 37.5528; 45.0759
 Iran
Region 3
Urmia
17
Ghorbanali Saadat
37,437 km2 (14,455 sq mi)
3,080,576
82/km2 (210/sq mi)
IRST (UTC+03:30)
IRST (UTC+04:30)
Persian (official) local languages: Azeri Kurdish Armenian Assyrian

West Azerbaijan Province is one of the 31 provinces of Iran. It is in the northwest of the country, bordering Turkey, Iraq and Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic, and the provinces of East Azerbaijan, Zanjan and Kurdistan. The province is part of Regions 3.

The province of West Azerbaijan covers an area of 39,487 km², or 43,660 km² including Lake Urmia. In 2012 the province had a population of about 3 million (estimate). The capital city and largest city of the province is Urmia.

Contents
  • 1 Archaeology
  • 2 History
  • 3 Geography and climate
  • 4 Administrative divisions and cities
    • 4.1 Cities and larger towns
  • 5 Peoples
  • 6 Religion
    • 6.1 Churches in West Azerbaijan
  • 7 West Azerbaijan today
  • 8 Culture
    • 8.1 Colleges and universities
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Archaeology

Permanent settlements were established in the province as early as the 6th millennium BC as excavation at sites such as Teppe Hasanlu establish. In Hasanlu, a famous Golden Vase was found in 1958. The province is the location of Tepe Hajji Firuz, site of some of the world''s earliest evidence of wine production. Gooy Teppe is another significant site, where a metal plaque dating from 800 BC was found that depicts a scene from the epic of Gilgamesh.

Ruins such as these and the UNESCO world heritage site at the Sassanid compound of Takht-i-Suleiman illustrate the strategic importance and tumultuous history of the province through the millennia. Overall, the province enjoys a wealth of historical attractions, with 169 sites registered by the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran.

History

Tags:Administrative, Archaeology, Armenian, Assyrian, Azarbaijan, Azerbaijan, Azeri, Capital, Cultural Heritage, Cultural Heritage Organization, Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran, East Azerbaijan, Geography, Governor, Hajji Firuz, Iran, Iranian, Iraq, Kurdish, Kurdistan, Lake Urmia, Persian, Sassanid, Turkey, UNESCO, Urmia, West Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan Province, Wikipedia, Zanjan

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