Iranian constitutional referendum, 1989

رفراندوم قانون اساسی ایران، 1989م

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به روز شده:Monday 13th October 2014

رفراندوم قانون اساسی ایران، 1989م تعریف

(Wikipedia) - Iranian constitutional referendum, 1989 Iranian constitutional referendum, 1989
Results Yes or no Votes Percentage
Yes 16,025,459 700197570000009999997.57%
No 398,867 70002430000000000002.43%
Valid votes 16,424,326 700199970000000000099.97%
Invalid or blank votes 4,650 69983000000000000000.03%
Total votes 16,428,976 100.00%
Voter turnout 700154510000000000054.51%
Electorate 30,139,598
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A constitutional referendum was held in Iran on 28 July 1989, alongside presidential elections. Approved by 97.6% of voters, It was the first and so far the only time the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran has been amended. It made several changes to articles 5, 107, 109, 111, and added article 176. It eliminated the need for the Supreme Leader (rahbar) of the country to be a marja or chosen by popular acclaim, it eliminated the post of prime minister, and it created a Supreme National Security Council.

  • 1 Background
  • 2 Members of the council
  • 3 Results
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links


On 24 April 1989 while on his deathbed, Ayatollah Khomeini appointed a 25-man Constitutional Reform Council (also known as the Assembly for Revising the Constitution). The council named Ali Khamenei as Khomeini''s successor as Supreme Leader of Iran and drew up several amendments to the original constitution. Since the senior mujtahid or Marja of Iran had given only lukewarm support to Khomeini''s principle of rule by Islamic jurist, and Khamenei was not a marja, the original prerequisite that the rahbar (leader) be "a paramount faqih" (i.e. one of these marja) was dropped from the constitution.

Some changes to the constitution introduced by the Reform Council include:

  • changing the name of the Majlis-e Melli to the Majlis-e Islami.
  • increasing the size of the Assembly of Experts to 86 members
  • giving the Assembly of Experts the authority to convene at least once a year and to determine whether the Supreme Leader was `mentally and physically capable of carrying out his arduous duties.`
  • transforming the Expediency Council into a permanent body with members appointed by the Supreme Leader as well as representatives from the three branches of government, the armed forces, the intelligence service, and the Guardian Council.

The amendments were approved by Iranian voters and became law on 28 July 1989.

Members of the council

This is a list of members of Constitutional Amendment Council of Iran, appointed by Ayatollah Khomeini, who reviewed and amended the Constitution of Iran in 1989:

  • Abbas Ali Amid-Zanjani
  • Ebrahim Amini
  • Ahmad Azari-Ghomi
  • Asadollah Bayat
  • Mohammad Emami-Kashani
  • Hassan Habibi
  • Najafgholi Habibi
  • Hossein Hashemian
  • Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
  • Ahmad Jannati
  • Mehdi Karroubi
  • Ali Khamenei (deputy chairman)
  • Hadi Khamenei
  • Abolghasem Khaz''ali
  • Mohammad Reza Mahdavi-Kani
  • Ali Meshkini (chairman)
  • Mehdi Mohammadi-Gilani
  • Mohammad Daneshzadeh Mo''men
  • Mir-hossein Mousavi
  • Abdolkarim Mousavi Ardebili
  • Mohammad Mousavi-Khoiniha
  • Abdollah Noori
  • Hassan Taheri-Khorramabadi
  • Mohammad Reza Tavassoli
  • Mohammad Yazdi
Results Choice Votes %
For 16,025,459 97.6
Against 398,867 2.4
Invalid/blank votes 32,445 -
Total 16,456,771 100
Source: Nohlen et al.

Tags:Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Ali Khamenei, Ali Larijani, Ali Shamkhani, Assembly of Experts, Audit, Audit Court, Ayatollah, Ayatollah Khomeini, Azari, Bayat, Constitution, Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Cultural Revolution, Elections, Eshaq Jahangiri, Guardian, Guardian Council, Hashemi Rafsanjani, Hashemian, Hassan Habibi, Hassan Rouhani, Iran, Iranian, Islamic, Islamic Republic, Islamic Republic of Iran, Khamenei, Khomeini, Mahdavi Kani, Majlis, Marja, Mehdi, Mehdi Karroubi, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mir, Mousavi, National Security Council, Politics, President, Rafsanjani, Revolution, Rouhani, Security Council, Supreme Audit Court, Supreme Leader, Supreme Leader of Iran, Supreme National Security Council, Wikipedia, Yazdi

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