Mirza Reza Kermani

میرزا رضا کرمانی

ID:6445 بخش:

به روز شده:Sunday 12th October 2014

میرزا رضا کرمانی تعریف

Son of Molla Hossein, was the assassin of Naseroddin Shah.Mirza Reza Kermani, born in Kerman, Iran and died on August 10, 1896 in Tehran, was an adherent of Seyyed Jamaloddin Asadabadi and an Iranian revolutionary.He and other followers of Asadabadi were demanding that the Qajar dynasty rule Iran justly. After Asadabadi was expelled from Iran by the Qajars, Kermani began to openly and publicly criticize Qajar officials. Eventually Kermani was imprisoned, his wife divorced him, and his son was made into a servant.On April 30, 1896, Kermani assassinated Naseroddin Shah in the Shah Abdulazim shrine. After months of interrogation, Kermani was executed on August 10, 1896. Kermani's assassination of Naseroddin Shah and the subsequent execution marked a turning point in Iranian Constitutional Revolution. During Mozzafaroddin Shah's turbulent reign; the Constitutional Monarchy Movement became the first major democratic movement of its kind in the modern Middle East. (Wikipedia) - Mirza Reza Kermani Mirza Reza Kermani shortly before his execution

Mirza Reza Kermani (in Persian: میرزارضا کرمانی), born in Kerman, Iran and died on August 10, 1896 in Tehran, was an adherent of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and an Iranian revolutionary who assassinated the Shah of Persia Nasser-al-Din.

Contents
  • 1 Background
  • 2 Assassination
  • 3 Capture and death
  • 4 Consequences
  • 5 References

Background

He and other followers of al-Afghani were demanding that the Qajar dynasty rule Iran justly. After al-Afghani was expelled from Iran by the Qajars, Kermani began to openly and publicly criticize Qajar officials. Eventually Kermani was imprisoned, his wife divorced him, and his son was made into a servant.

Assassination

On April 30, 1896, Kermani assassinated Nasser-al-Din Shah in the Shah Abdol Azim shrine. According to Professor Nahid Pirnazar at UCLA, he is reported to have said "I had a chance to kill him (the Shah) before, but I didn''t because the Jews were celebrating their picnic after the 8th day of Passover. I did not want the Jews to be accused of killing the Shah."(Habib Levy, Comprehensive History of the Jews of Iran, p. 397), {date=June 2009}. It is said that the revolver used to assassinate him was old and rusty, and had he worn a thicker overcoat, or been shot from a longer range, he would have survived the attempt on his life. Shortly before dying the Shah is reported to have said "I will rule you differently if I survive!"

Capture and death

After killing the Shah, Mirza Reza Kermani escaped towards the border of the Ottoman Empire. Nasser-al-Din successor Mozaffar-al-din Shah sent a detachment of troops on camels to find Mirza Reza Kermani to avenge his father''s death. He was captured at on the Ottoman border. After months of interrogation, Kermani was executed on August 10, 1896 in order to be used as an example.

Consequences

Kermani''s assassination of Nasser-al-Din Shah and the subsequent execution marked a turning point in Iranian political thought that would ultimately lead to the Iranian Constitutional Revolution during Mozzafar-al-Din Shah''s turbulent reign; the Constitutional Revolution was the first major democratic movement in the modern Middle East.

Tags:Assassination, Constitutional Monarchy, Constitutional Monarchy Movement, Constitutional Revolution, Iran, Iranian, Kerman, Middle East, Mirza, Mirza Reza Kermani, Monarchy, Naseroddin Shah, Ottoman, Ottoman Empire, Persia, Persian, Qajar, Revolution, Seyyed, Seyyed Jamaloddin Asadabadi, Shah, Tehran, UCLA, Wikipedia

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